Paper Money - Vol. II, No. 2 - Whole No. 6 - Spring 1963

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A New World of Currency 44YY't. I 1 I (1'1111 ViVi 1141114 WO aver *owl DEVOTED TO THE STUDY OF CURRENCY SPRING 1963 trot 2 NG OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF Caciet9 ei Paper itToney Cellecter4 Property of S P M C Library t O St° Call For Annual Meeting It is both my honor and privilege to call the second an- nual meeting of the Society of Paper Money Collectors. To be held in conjunction with the American Numismatic Association Convention in Denver, our annual meeting will afford all paper money collectors an opportuity to meet each other andin many instances, renew old acquaintances. Your new president will be presented. and installed at this meeting. He will guide you and work with you dur- ing his tenure of office. I am sure that all of you will work with him. It has been an honor and pleasure serving you during the past year. Date: Friday, August 9th. Time and Place: To be announced. See you in Denver! Hank Bieciuk, President, Society of Paper Money Collectors Paper Inane VOLUME 2 SPRING 1963 NUMBER 2 PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BY THE SOCIETY OF PAPER MONEY COLLECTORS Editor Hank Bieciuk Assistant Editors Foster W. Rice, Arlie Slabaugh, Fred R. Marckhoff, C. J. Affleck, Dwight L. Musser Subscription $4.00 Per Year ADVERTISING RATES One Time Yearly Outside Rear Cover $35.00 $130.00 Inside Front & Rear Cover 32.50 120.00 Full Page 27.50 100.00 Half Page 17.50 60.00 Quarter Page 10.00 35.00 Direct Advertising to the Editor. The Right Is Reserved to Reject Any Advertisement. CONTENTS "Emergency Currency of the Civil War Period" Page By M. M. Burgett 4 "Announcement of Writing Awards" By G. Wait 4 "Private Issues of the Civil War Period" By Ernest S. Craighead 5 "Current Currency" By G. W. Killian 9 "Membership Roll" 12-20 Cociety al Paper iltenq Callecter4 OFFICERS — 1963 President Hank Bieciuk First Vice President James J. Curto Second Vice President Thomas C. Bain Secretary George W. Wait Treasurer Glenn B. Smedley APPOINTEES — 1963 Historian-Curator Earl Hughes Attorney Ellis Edlow BOARD OF GOVERNORS — 1963 Julian Blanchard, Charles J. Af fleck, Ben Douglas, Amon G. Carter, Jr., James Kirkwood, William A. Philpott, Jr., Robert H. Dickson, Michael Kolman, Jr., Morris H. Loewenstern, Julian Marks, John H. Swanson. PAGE 4 Paper &elle,/ VOL. 2, NO. 2 Emergency Currency of the Civil War Period by M. M. Burgett While most coin and currency collectors are familiar with the encased postage stamps and fractional currency which were used to replace the vanished small coins of the early 1860's, and to a lesser degree with the privately produced envelopes used to protect the U. S. postage stamps utilized as currency, there seems to be little awareness of, and no interest in the cardboard currency tickets provided by cer- tain merchants, which are believed to have been used to fill the need for small change in the very early days of the war. Occasionally mention of these tickets can be found in early auction catalogues, but they seem never to have been plentiful. The writer has found only seven varieties of these tickets in thirty years of collection, so this would seem to indicate a definite rarity. Probably few were issued and, as a matter of course, only a fraction could have sur- vived. Those tickets seen by the writer have been, with one exception, oblong in shape and printed on one side only. A similar series, issued by army sutlers, has been listed and described by James J. Curto, but apparently no listing has ever been made of the pieces issued by civilian storekeepers. The following descriptive list covers all such items owned by the writer; naturally there is no way of knowing how many others are tucked away in collections, dealers' stocks, or in the traditional "attics" in which fabulous treasures are popularly supposed to be secreted: 1. Briggs House—"Good for ten cents, when presented in sums of not less than one dollar." Yellow cardboard, oblong, 1 7/8"x 1 1/8". 2. G. 0. Chipman—"Good for two cents. I will redeem in P. 0. currency when presented." Green, round, scalloped, 1 1/8". 3. Grosvenor and Horn, No. 387 Bowery—"Good for one cent." Yellow, oblong, 1 15/16"x 1 1/16". 4. Reimund Kroenig, grocery and provision store, corner of Sigel and Sedgwick Sts.—"Good for one cent in trade, or redeemable in sums of five cents and upwards." Green, oblong, 1 3/4"x 1 1/4". 5. Latz and Holzmann—"Good for one cent." Yellow, oblong, 1 3/4"x 1 1/4". 6. Mrs. Mebbetts' News Depot, 120 First Ave. near 7th St.—"Good for one cent." Yellow, oblong, 1 15/16"x 1 1/16". 7. Decatur Market—"Good for one cent at G. W. Odells, cor. 7th St. and 1st Ave." Cream, oblong, 1 15/16"xl 1/16". Tickets numbered 1, 2, 4, and 5 show signs of considerable circulation, while the remainder arc fresh and new. The Chipman piece, No. 2, is particularly interesting as it apparently was issued at the same time the first issue of official shin-plasters (postage currency) made its appear- ance. Although no place of issue is designated on any of these pieces, it is likely that they originated in the larger cities, as did the printed envelopes which were designed to contain postage stamps passed from hand to hand as a circulating medium. Pursuing these odd bits of cardboard will probably appeal to only a few individuals, as the great majority of Ameri- can collectors care only for rolls of modern coins and so- called "mint errors" of which millions are available, but to anyone who may be attracted by them, the writer wishes to say "good hunting." Announcement of Writing Awards by G. Wait With the objective of enlarging and improving the content of Paper Money and encouraging membership participation in it, B. M. Douglas of our Board of Governors is generous- ly offering two awards. These will consist of a $10 gold piece to be given to the writer of the best article and a $2 1/2 gold piece for the second best article published in our magazine prior to the Summer 1964 issue. Winners must be members of the Society. While more than one entry may be submitted, no one may win more than one award. The winning articles will be chosen by a committee of officers or Governors of the Society appointed by the President. Officers of the Society, including Governors, are ineligible for awards. Our membership of approximately 500 includes a great many authorities in the field of paper money. Numbered among them are some well-known writers on numismatics. It is hoped they will submit articles—but others who have not tried their hand at writing also might find it a source of pleasure and satisfaction. If you have a specialty and have studied your field you are definitely qualified to write an authoritative article. Stories of paper money col- lecting experience, if unusual and of general interest, should also be in order. Probably due to the appeal of a wider circulation, some of our members in the past year have submitted articles for publication in the numismatic papers rather than in our own magazine. It should be pointed out that this practice involves some other considerations—(1) it is probable that a large percentage of subscribers do not read articles on paper money, (2) the paper is not of a quality which can do justice to the article, and especially illustrations, (3) a glossy finish magazine is more likely to be preserved. Think of the space required to store even one year's issue of a large weekly or semi-monthly paper! We are still a comparatively small organization. We want to continue to grow. Paper money collecting is on the upswing and if we take an enthusiastic interest in our Society it will keep pace with the growth of the hobby. Help us to expand our magazine, our chief asset in attract- ing new members. It is hoped that the Douglas awards will provide the added incentive to give us a larger, attractive, informative maga- - of which we will all be proud. VOL. 2, NO. 2 Paper iltaken PAGE 5 Changes of Address When paying their 1963 dues, several members disclosed that they did not receive one or more of the magazines because they had moved. Present Postal Regulations specify that only first-class mail may be forwarded unless special arrangements are made with the local postmaster. If you have a change of address, it is important to do two things: (a) Immediately notify the Secretary of your change of address (b) Arrange with your local postmaster to forward all magazines as well as first-class mail. This will involve payment of additional postage. Fractional Paper Money Private Issues of the Civil War Period by Ernest S. Craighead Hostilities between the Northern and Southern states began in April, 1861. The War had continued but a few months until gold (silver and copper coins began to disappear from circulation. This was caused by a num- ber of factors, principally the depreciation of paper money. A premium on coins was created by their bullion content, resulting in their export to foreign countries, principally Canada, for the sake of an exchange profit. Much hoarding also resulted from the old axiom that "bad money drives out good money." An illustration of the condition of affairs may be cited in the case of a house in New York which had so many copper cents stored in one of its rooms that the floor collapsed. It has been estimated that at least twenty-five million dollars of metallic coins disappeared from circulation and the country found itself, in the midst of a war boom, virtually without a low denominational medium of ex- 2hange. The inconvenience caused by this sudden disap- pearance can hardly be imagined at the present time. An early development was the refusal of retail establishments to give change. This condition of public inconvenience and business loss could not continue. The people had to find substitutes for coins and find them they did, in every imaginable device. (In this article I am quoting liberally from two books on the subject and pause to give due credit to "Fractional Money" by Neil Carothers, published in New York in 1930, which devotes Chapter XII to the Private Issues of Fractional Paper Money of the Civil War Period, and to "United States Paper Money" by George H. Blake, pub- lished in New York in 1908.) Businessmen issued promissory notes on small sizes of paper for amounts varying from 1 cent up. Metal tokens in brass, copper and various alloys were also issued by mer- chants and manufacturers in the form of advertisements, or bearing patriotic and other mottoes, and these readily passed for cents. Street car tickets, milk tickets, and any- thing having an apparent value, were pressed into service for making change. In most of the states fractional notes were illegal. In some cases the laws were ambiguous, not specifying the minimum denominations permissible. There was no method of controlling the circulation in one state of notes issued in another state. Pennsylvania had repealed her small note law in April, 1861, and fractional notes were widely issued in that state. Many were issued in New Jersey, New York and Massachusetts—in fact throughout the more thickly populated Northern states with two notable exceptions, Michigan and Rhode Island—but there is evidence that the State of Rhode Island at one time considered a fractional issue. Most issues were payable in goods or larger units of money "at my store," or like a check, payable at a bank. There were very few issues by the banks themselves, signed by the cashier or president, making them really fractional "bank notes." In some localities $1 and $2 bank notes were cut into fractional parts. Following the precent of earlier periods of financial crisis, many municipalities undertook to issue fractional notes. The best-known issues are those of Newark, Jersey City, Albany, Troy and Wilmington. Apparently, the very largest cities, such as New York and Philadelphia, did not issue notes at this time. The smaller cities and towns were not deterred by fear of legal complications and willingly met the emergency with notes, mostly in denominations varying from five to fifty cents. In some states, Pennsylvania especially, other govern- mental units such as counties and tax districts undertook to supply fractional currency. It would appear from an inspection of notes now held in collections that some of these local governments, as well as many private enter- prises, entered into an arrangement with local banks to deceive the public. Notes were printed in such a form that they gave every appearance of being fractional bank notes, but the wording was such that they were legally checks on the banks. Such notes were technically exempt from attack either as bank notes or as local government notes, although clearly intended to serve as money. Transportation companies, hotels, saloons and retail stores that could not carry on business without change proceeded to manufacture their own currency. A vast quantity of notes, tickets and due bills poured into circula- CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE Paper 1)tcheyPAGE 6 VOL. 2, NO. 2 PRIVATE ISSUES CON'D FROM PAGE 5 tion. They bore the promise of the issuer, explicit or implied, to redeem them in money or goods. Customers offering bank notes in payment at a store received in change a handful of the proprietor's own notes or due bills. They had to accept these paper promises or forego their purchases. Patrons of saloons and barbershops had to ac- cept such items as change and pass them on as best they could. Notes of hotels were especially common. The derisive term "shinplaster," whose origin dates back at least to the War of 1812, was applied to the whole mass (or mess) of city, bank and private issues. The legal status of these shinplaster notes was dubious and confused. In many states they were clearly illegal. In some states such as Pennsylvania, the statute was not clear. Private notes were prohibited in New York and when the shinplasters first appeared the newspapers emphatically pointed out this fact. The Herald quoted the state law in full and three days later commented as follows: "At least one hundred retailers in various lines of business in this city have issued shinplasters, very many of which are in direct contravention of the law." The United States postage currency law of July 17, 1862 contained a provision making it criminal for any person, company or banking association to issue notes of a denomination less than one dollar. This sweeping prohi- bition, which outlawed all fractional notes except those issued by cities, had little effect. Business could not go on without small change and the law was ignored. The emergency currencies created or sanctioned by the Federal Government in the summer of 1862 were quite inadequate to meet the needs for small change, and for the remainder of 1862 and for the first months of 1863 the country depended chiefly on a conglomerate mass of torn notes, fractional bank notes, municipal notes and shin- plasters of private issuers. Any attempt to estimate the volume of shinplaster issues would be speculative. If it is considered that the vanished silver amounted to more than $25,000,000 and that the shinplasters probably represented much more than half of all the emergency currencies, it seems fair to issume that the issues reached a sum greater than $15,- 000,000. It is doubtful whether half of this total returned to the original issuers for redemption. The amount lost, destroyed in use, or held as souvenirs must have exceeded $5,000,000. This figure represents only a small part of the social and financial losses entailed by the complete collapse of the small denominational medium of exchange in 1862. The losses from destruction of notes and irredeemable issues were minor matters when contrasted with the de- moralization of retail trade and the general annoyance and disturbance the country had to endure. During the acute shortage of change in 1862 the Postage Stamp, very naturally, quickly claimed recognition as a circulating medium, but the adhesive back was a serious impediment. The New York Central Railroad utilized stamps by enclosing various amounts in small envelopes, which were issued as change. Stamps were also mounted in small brass circles with mica over the face and advertisements stamped on the back. Such issues of "Enclosed Postage" will be found listed and illustrated in Friedberg's "Paper Money of the United States." To General F. E. Spinner, the Treasurer of the United States, is due the credit for first pasting upon slips of paper, in definite amounts, the United States Postage Stamps in the semblance of money. The attention of the Post Office Department having been called to this arrange- ment of stamps, they readily agreed to redeem them with new stamps when worn or mutilated. The convenience and definite value of the pasted stamps, as arranged by General Spinner, were so readily apparent that the matter was at once taken up by Congress, and a regular issue of postal currency was authorized under the July 1862 Act. This "Postal Currency" had the semblance of postage stamps printed on it, in the same plan as General Spin- ner's original arrangement. At the time of authorizing the Postal Currency. Congress also prohibited the issuing of fractional currency and tokens by individuals. The Postal Currency was soon succeeded under Act of March 3, 1863 by the "Fractional Currency" which remained in use after the financial crisis was over, for a total span of 14 years, after which it was redeemed. No similar event has occurred in the history of paper money to that which was marked by the beginning and end of Fractional Currency. This subject of Fractional Currency as issued by the Federal Government is a story in itself and merits a separate article. A handsome collection of Federal Postage and Fractional Currency can still be formed for not too great an outlay. It should be emphasized that for over eighty years preceding the Civil War, when there was a need for them, fractional notes were issued by banks, local governmental units, churches and private firms or individuals. They were not new or novel in 1862. The collecting of private fractional currency is not a common hobby. Rarely do collectors specialize in these small scrip notes. Generally they are associated with other obsolete notes and are occasionally advertised under the misleading heading of "Broken Bank Notes." Except in instances where large "remainder" lots have been found, they are rarer than their usual retail price indicates. The price is comparatively low because the demand is low, not because there is a large supply. These notes were accepted only in immediate areas in which issued, where the signer was known, hence the quantities were limited and many were redeemed. The collector can choose from notes issued by cities, counties, banks and every conceivable class of business concern. He will find quite a number of a few municipal issues, but of many private scrip notes he will never find a duplicate. There never could be a complete listing. Historically, these scrip notes are most important, and the many varieties and denominations are an interest- ing challenge. The Confederate side of the Civil War cannot be ignored in a discussion of this type. In addition to two issues of regular CSA fifty-cent notes, numerous fractional notes were issued by the Southern State governments, counties, municipalities and private firms. Like the U. S. Fractional Currency they deserve a story of their own. SEE ILLUSTRATIONS NEXT TWO PAGES ; ot.ttivil.)SZ UNILIS rgiAlorogi4; 010Pr 44ge / JP/ fe° e4R&!' BANK ilitia/7);4: 4,* / RAILROAD RESTAURANT tiM111 ;,1°. 716,14: 4 4, , , , ,,, , VY,0 , , ...,..,,, '' :* ...,,,, . . , . TOWN VOL. 2, NO. 2 Paper *one. PAGE 7 THE FOLLOWING ARE EXAMPLES OF FRACTIONAL PAPER MONEY OF THE CIVIL WAR PERIOD HOTEL CITY er ittenqPAGE 8 TO • 1/7( I/ *217 al, klItt •-•tk 1 mai . • _•-•-•- • r ;Ay T 4.040•Norw....ransr4v0.0... VOL 2, NO. 2 UNION CANAL STORE BOROUGH OF EASTON PRIVATE BANK COUNTY SCRIP Paper Money PAGE 9VOL. 2, NO. 2 Current Currency, by G. W. Killian The paper dollars that you spend so casually, or reluctantly, are fascinating and worthy of interest to the collector. Although I have collected these dollars for several years it is only recently that I have become in- terested in studying them and, I am sure, there is still a great deal I must learn. Since I know of no article providing much information relating to these notes, I felt that a compilation of what I have learned or guessed might be of interest to fellow collectors. I also hope that other collec- tors will be inspired to provide additional information and/or let me know where my guesses are inaccurate. Even the non coin collecting public is used to dates on coins and are aware that the date on a coin corresponds to the year the coin was minted. Therefore, if they examine a one dollar bill and see "series of 1957" on it they usually assume that the dollar was printed in 1957. And because some dollars do not have the motto, IN GOD WE TRUST, on the reverse there is a rumor going the rounds that either a communist or an atheist got into the Bureau of Printing and Engraving in Washington, D. C., where all the bills are printed, and removed the motto from some of the plates. Neither of these things is true. The year shown on a bill is not the year of printing but rather the year that a bill of that design was first released. Thus on the current small-size dollars, it is only possible to find the years 1928, 1934, 1935, and 1957. There are no others! The differences in design are usually rather minor. The most obvious change was the addition of the Great Seal of the United States on the reverse in 1935 and the corresponding reduction of the word ONE. The 1957 change was the additions of the motto IN GOD WE TRUST. Thus the rumor is false, as most rumors are, (remember the one about the flag on the Jefferson nickel?) It is the new bills that have the motto while the older ones do not. The motto has not been removed by a subversive. Another item of interest is the letter following the series year. The first bills of a new design have no letter after the series year and later 'A', 'B', 'C', etc is added each time one of the signatures is changed. Each bill is signed at the lower left by the Treasurer of the United States, and at the lower right by the Secretary of the Treasury. Thus the later the letter, after the series year, the more current the bill. The dollar bills currently being produced are designated series of 1957 B and bear the signatures of Kathryn E. Granaham and C. Douglas Dillon. We have all learned that rules are made only to be broken. Thus returning to the rule that says the year is changed when the design is changed there is a current exception. As stated, the 1957 dollar was the first bill to include the motto, IN GOD WE TRUST, an it bore the signatures of Ivy Baker Priest and Robert B. Anderson. Just before the 1957 bill was introduced, the 1935 F bill was current and it, too, bore the signatures of Priest and Anderson. When Kennedy was elected President of the U. S., Priest and Anderson left office and Smith and Dillon were installed; their signature gave us the 1957 A series. However, their signatures were also used on bills of the 1935 series, so that we also have a 1935 G bill which bears the Smith-Dillon signatures; the former with the motto and the latter without. Then the 1935 G reverse plates were altered to add the motto, so there are now two major types of the 1935 G series, one with, and one without the motto. Thus the rule is broken. If the change that created the series of 1957 was the addition of the motto, why were the 1935 G bills made with a motto without changing the series year? The real distinction between the 1935 and the 1957 series is more than the change of design; it was a major change in printing techniques. The 1957 series bills are printed on larger sheets by a high-speed process. However, the older presses were used concurrently to print the 1935 G series. If they continue to use the old presses, it is possible that we will see a 1935 H series bill, which will bear the same signatures as the 1957 B; namely, Granaham-Dillon. I have not seen any 1935 H bills and would appreciate being advised if anyone does. The next item of interest on the dollar is the serial number. So far as I can determine, the serial number of the first dollar of the 1957 series bore the number A00000001A. The bills were numbered consecutively until number A99999999A was produced. (This is one bill short of one hundred million notes). As will be seen an extra note is added to each group so that each group will con- tain one hundred million notes. Then to continue the first letter was changed to B and the notes were numbered from B00000001A to B99999999A. The process repeated using C . . . A; D . . A, E . . . A, etc to Z . . . A, except that the letter '0' was omitted. If the series is continued, the next bill would be A . . . B, then B . . . B, C . . . B etc. Thus the process could continue through the alphabet many times the last letter combination I have seen on the 1957 series bills is B . . . B; therefore, it is possible that approxi- mately 27 groups of one hundred million notes were made. (Only 27 groups because the letter '0' was omitted). Thus 2,700,000,000 of the 1957 one dollar bills may have been produced. When Kennedy was elected and the 1957 A series with the Smith-Dillon signatures replaced the 1957 dollar with the Priest-Anderson signatures, the serial number designa- tion started over at A ... A and advanced through Q ... A. Thus only 16 groups of the 1957 A notes were made. The production of the 1957 B bills broke the pattern, or perhaps it might be said that with the production of these bills the old pattern was resumed. The 1957 B bills did not begin over at A ... A, but started right after the 1957 A bills with high numbers in the QQ . .. A series. That is the 1957 B serial numbers continued where the 1957 A's left off in the Q ... A series. This was done before as the 1935 F and the 1935 G notes both exist in the B J serial number series. On the subject of serial numbers, you may wonder why you never see a dollar with a low serial number since they start through the series from number 1 so often. It is a simple matter of probability. Only one note in ten thousand starts with four zeros. So far as I can determine, the serial numbers on the 1935 series bills, including all signature combinations, never repeated. Accordingly, with the 1935 series bills, they have produced sufficient groups of one hundred million each to work through the alphabet nine times and the newest 1935 G bill I have seen is letter D on the 10th time CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE PAGE 10 Papa iltehe VOL. 2, NO. 2 CURRENT CURRENCY CON'D FROM PAGE 9 around; specifically D . J. Thus nearly 30 billion of the bills of the 1935 series have been produced. Naturally only a small portion of these are in circulation at any one time. Incidentally the change in the 1935 G, to add the motto, occurred in the D J series, so 1935 G notes can be obtained in the D J series both with and without the motto. Now speaking of the 1935 series notes and the serial numbers on them, you should know that the 1935 A series notes were printed with both Yellow and Brown seals as well as the familiar Blue. The Yellow and Brown seal notes were special notes used by our soldiers overseas during World War II, and by the citizens of Hawaii, respectively. So far as I can determine, the serial numbers of the Yellow and Brown seal notes were included in the regular series of numbers for the Blue seals. Therefore, it should not be possible to find the same serial number, including letters, on two notes even though the notes have different colored seals. The serial numbers on the Brown seal notes are also in brown, while the numbers of the Yellow seal notes are in the familiar blue. The Brown seal notes also have HAWAII overprinted on the back in letters 5/8 of an inch high. It is also interesting to note that the Bureau experimented with different paper or paper finish, and identified the test notes with either a red 'R' or `S' towards the lower right corner on the obverse of the notes. These experimental notes were also series of 1935 A. The red letters are quite prominent, about 3/16 of an inch high. Yellow and Brown seal notes may occasionally be found in circulation but I have not seen an 'R' or 'S' note in 15 years. Earlier it was mentioned that the letter following the series year is changed when the signatures are changed. This, too, is a rule made to be broken. The first 1935 bill bore the signatures of W. A. Julian and Henry Morgen- thau, Jr., and the designation "Series of 1935" was printed higher and further to the right than is now conventional. When the location was changed to the present location, the series was changed to 1935 A, but still of course, with the Julian-Morgenthau signatures. But, we must not assume the rule that a change on the bill warrants a new letter after the series year. Remember the 1935 G exists both with and without the motto. Also during the printing of the 1935 D note, the distance from the bottom of the words ONE DOLLAR on the bottom of the reverse to the green margin was reduced, and a corresponding reduction was made above the words THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, so that the net result was to reduce the height of the design by approximately one millimeter. I would appreciate more information con- cerning this change. There is one unique dollar of particular interest. It is a bill that is series of 1928, but with a red seal instead of the conventional Blue. Blue, incidentally, is indicative of Silver Certificates; Green of Federal Reserve Notes; and Red of United States Notes. The special Yellow and Brown seals mentioned above were Silver Certificates. Thus the red seal, one dollar note is a United States Note and is the only one dollar U. S. Note ever made. All Two dollar bills are U. S. Notes, and five dollar bills come in all three varieties; while ten dollar bills are never U. S. notes. Please remember that these comments apply only to the bills of the present size, not to the old large notes. Also you should know that Brown seals were quite common at one time and do not always mean Silver Certificates nor Hawaii notes. The Brown seals were also used on money known as National Currency. A few of the $5 and higher denomination bills of this series may still be found in circulation. Another interesting distinguishing characteristic to collectors are what are commonly referred to as star notes. The star notes will include a star either at the front or end of the serial number in place of the letter normally found there. On Silver Certificates (Blue seals), and U. S. Notes (Red seals), the star will be found in place of the first letter. On Federal Reserve notes (Green seals), the star will be found in place of the last letter. (The first letter of the Federal Reserve Notes corresponds to the letter of the issuing district). The star notes are used by the Bureau to help maintain production control and accurate counts. As the bills are produced and numbered, it is inevitable that some of the bills will be damaged so badly that it is not considered desirable to allow them to get into circulation. However, removal and destruction of such defective bills creates a real inventory problem. Naturally the Bureau wants to be able to determine the quantity of finished bills in a stack by simply examining the first and last serial numbers of the group. If an indeterminate quantity of defective bills had been re- moved such a procedure would not be practical. Accord- ingly every time a defective bill is removed, it is replaced with a star note. Of course the Bureau might have re- printed the damaged bill, but resetting the machines to get the right number would be a slow and expensive process. The star in the serial number warns all Bureau personnel that a count can not be obtained from that po- sition using that star number. On the average two or three star notes will be found in each new pack of 100 bills. However, I have seen three or four dozen per pack, and even an occasional group of one hundred consecutive star notes; and I have seen several consecutive groups of hundreds with no star notes in any of them. The star notes are in no way defective bills themselves and are usually considered desirable and premium collector items. Inci- dentally the star notes are, of course, serially numbered and on the first series of numbers end with an A. The next series ends with B, etc. In the 1957 series I have seen star notes ending with A, B, and C. They started the 1957 A star notes over, so that 1957 A star notes also end with A. I have not seen a 1957 A star note with the serial number ending with anything but A. The 1957 B star notes are numbered right after the 1957 A star notes and thus are in the 90 million series and now the 1957 B star notes are in the * B series. The star notes in the 1935 series advanced through the alphabet and current 1935 G star notes end with G. Can anyone report a 1957 * D, or a 1957 A * B note, or any other not accounted for here? It was pointed out that the numbering system permits only 99,999,999 notes per letter combination. To simplify counting a star note is added after every 99,999,999th note. The star note used is indistinguishable from any other star note. CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE 44 4 Paper Matte9VOL. 2, NO. 2 PAGE 11 CURRENT CURRENCY CON'D FROM PAGE 1 ci Any one examining a one dollar bill with care may wonder about various little numbers appearing in various locations. There arc three such numbers; 2 on the front, and 1 on the rear. On the obverse of a 1957 series note, for example, one number will be found towards the upper left, while the other is at the lower right. Each of these numbers is preceeded by a letter; always the same letter on a given bill. The third number is on the reverse in the lower right part of the open area, that is below the 'E' of ONE. The upper left number and letter are indicative of the particular location of that bill on the large uncut sheet having 32 bills total. The 1935 series bills are printed in smaller sheets having only 18 bills per sheet, and there- fore, a letter alone suffices to indicate location. The other two numbers, that is, the ones towards the lower right on front and back are similar in significance. These numbers are quite similar to plate numbers on stamps. That is they identify the plate from which any particular bill was printed. Thus if a defect is found after a bill is printed, it is a simple matter to determine and locate the defective plate. The plate numbers start with one for each new design. Thus plate number one can be found on the 1928 bills, the 1934, the 1935, and the 1957 series. Current plate numbers on the obverse of the 1935 G bills are over 8000. The plate numbers for the 1957 B bills start at about 730. However, it should not be assumed that there could be no 1957 B with a front plate number lower than 730, or a 1957 A bill with a front plate number great- er than 730. The notes are first printed without seals, signatures, and serial numbers and later in another print- ing run this information is added. Therefore, as the series changes from 1957 A to 1957 B, it would be quite possible to get a cross over on front (or rear) plate numbers. In- deed if some old stock from plate number one was found, it would be possible to add the 1957 B designation and The 24 major varieties of Color Of Series Seal Signatures 1928 Red Woods Woodin signatures to them. However, such a possibility is quite remote. I have seen 1957 A bills with a front plate number of 741 and 1957 B bills with a front plate number of 722. Generally collectors consider a bill printed from plate number one to be a desirable item. Of course a star note with a front and rear plate number of one would be an even more desirable item. For some reason that I am not aware of the front plates are replaced more frequently than rear plates. A new 1957 B bill has a front plate number of 745 and a rear plate number of 406. I would appreciate an explanation of this phenomenon. Most collectors are interested in obtaining signature variations and then try to duplicate the collection in star notes. Some collectors seek a sample of each possible letter combination in each signature variation, and possibly, some collectors seek to get a note from each plate number. Occasionally, too, a collector will reconstruct a sheet by obtaining a note from each location. Also collectors look for cute serial numbers, for example, low numbers or repetitive or successive digits, etc. Naturally too, collec- tors are concerned with condition and prefer crisp uncir- culated well centered notes. I hope that these notes may have added to your knowledge and possibly whetted your interest in forming a collection of current-size dollar bills. Unfortunately I suspect some of my beliefs may be erroneous and therefore I'd welcome corrections, and I would also appreciate answers to the various questions I raised throughout this essay. And if the editors permit it, I'll be glad to furnish another article providing the members of the society with any additional information I gather and/or that members send me. For the present I prefer to consider only the current-size bills and the low denominations, i.e., $10 and lower. Please let me hear from you. For convenience there is included a table indicating the 24 major varieties of the current-size dollar bills. the current-size dollar bills: Remarks The only Red Seal $1 1928 Blue 1928 A Blue 1928 B Blue 1928 C Blue 1928 D Blue 1928 E Blue 1934 Blue 1935 Blue 1935 A Blue 1935 A Brown 1935 A Yellow 1935 A Blue 1935 A Blue 1935 B Blue 1935 C Blue 1935 D Blue 1935 E Blue 1935 F Blue 1935 G Blue 1935 G Blue 1935 H Blue 1957 Blue 1957 A Blue 1957 B Blue Tate Mellon Woods Mellon Woods Mills Woods Woodin Julian Woodin Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Morgenthau Julian Vinson Julian Snyder Clarke Snyder Priest Humphrey Priest Anderson Smith Dillon Smith Dillon Granaham Dillon Priest Anderson Smith Dillon Granaham Dillon The three rarest of the current-size dollars The Hawaii bill Blue numbers, World War II Experimental 'R' Experimental 'S' Two types of backs Without motto With motto Not known to exist yet Rumored to exist without motto but I have no substantiation PAGE 12 41 Paper iitenq VOL. 2, NO. 2 THE SOCIETY OF PAPER MONEY COLLECTORS MEMBERSHIP ROLL NO. NAME AND ADDRESS DEALER OR COLLECTOR SPECIALTY 1. Hank Bieciuk, Box 1235, Kilgore, Texas D Obsolete notes 2. James J. Curto, 770 Lincoln Rd., Grosse Pointe 30, Mich. C 3. Glenn B. Smedley, 1127 Washington Blvd., Oak Park, Ill. C 4. Dr. Julian Blanchard, 1 Sheridan Square, N.Y. 14, N.Y. C Paper money and stamps with similar designs 5. George W. Wait, Box 165, Glen Ridge, N.J. C All paper money 6. H. G. Corbin, 400-A W. Rusk, Tyler, Texas 7. Brent H. Hughes, 1816 Nealon Dr., Falls Church, Va. C CSA and obsolete bank notes 8. J. Roy Pennell Jr., Box 858, Anderson, S. C. 9. Chester L. Krause, Iola, Wis. C Wisconsin notes 10. D. Wayne Johnson, P.O. Box 333, Shawnee Mission, Kan. C Numismatic literature 11. Ben E. Rutman, 2087 Pinehurst Ave., St. Paul 16, Minn. C All paper money except foreign 12. M. H. Loewstern, Box 9009, Amarillo, Texas 13. Harry J. Forman, Box 5756, Philadelphia 30, Pa. D 14. Joseph G. Reinis, 50 Court St., Brooklyn 1, N.Y. C Paper money with philatelic designs 15. W. A. Philpott Jr., P.O. Box 356, Dallas 2, Texas C All numismatic items 16. John H. Swanson, 916 E. Main St., Kilgore, Texas D US and CSA notes 17. Earl F. Hughes, Rt. 2, Mitchell, Ind. C Obsolete notes 18. Herbert M. Oechsner, 21 Stocker Rd., Verona, N.J. C Colonials (coins and notes) 19. Ernest Johnson, 1816 N. 5th St., Sheboygan, Wis. C US currency—Wis. and Mich. 20. Julian S. Marks, 3719 Reading Rd., Cincinnati 29, Ohio C US Currency—large & fractional 21. Kingsley Falkenberg, 214 Riverside Dr., Apt. 1E, N.Y. C-D Foreign paper money 25, N.Y. 22. Robert W. Comely, 4221 San Jose Blvd., Jacksonville C Georgia obsolete notes 7, Fla. 23. Larry D. Richardson, Rt. 5, Lexington, Va. C Virginia Obsolete Notes 24. Paul S. Seitz, Glen Rock, Pa. C-D All paper money—especially obsolete 25. Frank W. Spencer, 25 W. Main St., Newark, Ohio C US paper money 26. Dick Krotz, 1482 E. 133 St., Cleveland 12, Ohio C-D US & obsolete paper money 27. Ralph Osborn, Box 242, Raymondville, Texas C Coins, Mich. obsolete notes 28. Pat V. Provenza, 203 Zoratoa Ave., St. Augustine, Fla. C Fla. obsoletes, incl. scrip 29. Nelson A. Rieger, 1621 Howard, Colorado Springs, Colo. C US type set of currency 31. Leonard W. Stark, 25 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, Ill. D CSA & obs. notes 32. Arlie Slabaugh, 7409 W. Howard St., Chicago 48, Ill. C All paper money especially historical 34. John L. Heflin Jr., 1501 Grandview Dr., Nashville 2, Tenn. C CSA & Tenn. obs. notes 35. Melvin Owen Warns, P.O. Box 1840, Milwaukee 1, Wis. C National Bank notes 36. A. D. O'Rear, 1218 Avondale Ave., Atlanta, Ga. C Georgia Treasury notes & obsoletes 37. Claude W. Rankin, P.O. Box 110, Fayetteville, N.C. C N.C. notes (state issues & obsoletes) 38. Floyd 0. Janney, 205 Harrison Ave., Waukesha, Wis. C-D All coins & paper money 39. William H. Dillistin, The Alexander Hamilton, Patter- son 12, N.J. C Altered obsolete bank notes 40. Harold L. Bowen, 818 Lawrence Ave., Detroit 2, Mich. C-D State Bank notes of Michigan 41. Walter M. Loeb, M.D., 4568 E. Mercer Way, Mercer C All paper money foreign, US and Canadian Island, Wash. 42. A. P. Bertschy, 4117 N. Newhall St., Milwaukee 11, Wis. C US 43. Harley L. Freeman, 353 S. Atlantic Ave., Ormond C Colonial currency, obsolete paper money & scrip Beach, Fla. 44. Alexander J. Sullivan, 701 Hammonds La., Baltimore C China, S. American, World paper money 25, Md. 45. Lloyd Thompson, 2734 Clio Rd., Flint, Mich. C Mich. broken bank notes 46. Thomas F. Morris, 19 West Dr., Larchmont, N.Y. C US Currency 47. Fred R. Marckhoff, 552 Park St., Elgin, Ill. C Obs. paper money especially Westerns 48. William J. Harrison, 1203B Troy Towers, Bloom- field, N.J. C Obs. notes engraved by Harrisons 49. Lorenzo La Pierre, 11181 S. Corley Dr., Whittier, Calif. C US currency 50. Arthur Hegel, 9134 1/2 Manhattan Pl., Los Angeles 47, Calif. C US currency 51. Allan Lieberman, 3440 W. Steven Rd., Baldwin Har- bour, N.Y. C Large size notes CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE VOL. 2, NO. 2 Paper *oho/ PAGE 13 MEMBERSHIP ROLL COWL) FROM PAGE 12 53. Carl L. Roethke, 1759 Gratiot Ave., Saginaw, Mich. 54. Roswell Burrows, 1657 Brockway St., Saginaw, Mich. 55. Sidney W. Smith, 2512 Biscayne Blvd., Miami 37, Fla. 56. Maurice Sklar, 3554 Scadlock Lane, Sherman Oaks, Calif. 57. George L. Freese, 20 West Granby Rd., Granby, Conn. 58. Howard E. Spain, Waverly, Va. 59. Vernon R. Saunders, 2613 13th St., Ashland, Ky. 60. Robert H. Dickson, 5124 Evergreen Dr., North Olmsted, Ohio 61. James A. Brown, 227 Waverly Ave., Newark 8, N.J. 62. Jayne F. Kramer, 711 Frey St., Box 271, Great Bend, Kan. 63. Lucius S. Ruder, 1102 Palmview Ave., Belleair, Clear- water, Fla. 65. Aaron R. Feldman, 1200 Ave. of the Americas, N.Y. 36, N.Y. 66. Cornell C. Hunter, 188 N. High St., Chillicothe, Ohio 67. Edward K. Bell, 410 S. First St., Smithfield, N.C. 68. Kenneth T. Paxton, 1217 Fawcett Ave., McKeesport, Pa. 69. Maurice M. Gould, Box 141, Chestnut Hill 67, Mass. 70. William G. Moose, P.O. Box 206, Benjamin Franklin Sta., Washington 44, D.C. 71. John P. Skribiski, RFD No. 3, Box 41, Amherst, Mass. 72. W. H. Edwards, 711 Brush Creek Blvd., Kansas City 10, Mo. 73. John T. Walker III, c/o E. S. McCoy, Rt. 1, Cam- bria, Va. 74. William P. Donlon, P.O. Box 144, Utica, N.Y. 75. Charles G. Altz, 540 Ocean Ave., Jersey City 5, N.J. 76. Josiah 0. Hatch, 520 E. 45th St., Savannah, Ga. 77. Warren S. Henderson, Box 1358, Venice, Fla. 78. E. Burnell Overlock, 83 Oakdale Ave., Pawtucket, R.I. 79. Phillip H. Chase, A-221 Thomas Wynne Apts., Wynne- wood, Pa. 80. B. M. Douglas, 402-12th St., N.W. Washington, D.C. 81. Thomas P. Warfield, 208 W. Saratoga. St., Balti- more, Md. 82. Ellis Edlow, 1010 Vermont Ave. N.W., Washington 5, D.C. 83. Stanley Janusz, 2429 N. Hancock St., Philadelphia 33, Pa. 85. Jasper L. Robertson, M.D., 133 Church St., Hoosick Falls, N.Y. 86. John McKnight Brown, 14 Tisdale Ave., New Hart- ford, N.Y. 87. Leo Laky, P.O. Box 128, Reedsburg, Wis. 88. Lewis Hopfenmaier II, 3535 Chesapeake St., N.W., Washington 8, D.C. 39. Jake B. Sureck, 130 N.W. 19th St., Oklahoma City 3, Okla. 90. William A. Stumpp, 68 Mountain View Rd., Mill- burn, N.J. 91. Ernest J. Littrell, P.O. Box 426, Red Bank, N.J. 92. Maurice M. Burgett, New Douglas, Ill. 93. Louis S. Werner, 1270 Broadway, N.Y. 1, N.Y. 94. Louis L. Spirt, 15 Brown St., Waterbury, Conn. 95. I. T. Kopicki, 2242 Marshall Blvd., Chicago 23, Ill. 96. Gary E. Nathan, 516 E. Capitol Ave., Springfield, Ill. 97. Jim Grebinger, c/o Mid Harrison Hardware, 1109 W. Harrison St., Chicago 7, Ill. 98. Larry Miller, M.D., North English, Iowa 99. Howard. F. Street, 3805 Linden Ave., Philadelphia 14, Pa. 100. Carl P. Kaufmann, Tribes Hill, N.Y. 101. Mrs. Louise M. Campbell, King William County, En- field, Va. C US currency, Mich. obsolete bank notes C Mich. National Bank notes D C US and Canadian currency C US type coins and obs. paper money C Va. obs. currency of all kinds C-D C Broken bank notes C Numismatic research C Civil War, CSA, Broken Banks & Territorials C Uncut sheets of obs. currency, Ohio notes 1803-1865 C-D C US paper money C NC Colonial and broken bank notes C C-D Early and unusual notes C Notes with unusual serial numbers C US General C Mint errors and paper money C CSA, Va. banknotes, US military scrip C-D US currency—large, small, fractional C Japanese and Jersey City notes C Broken bank notes—southern C-D $3 notes, proof notes, etc. C Broken bank notes and US currency C US fractionals, CSA D All paper money except foreign D All paper money, except foreign C D.C., Md., Va., obs. paper money C US obsolete notes C US notes including fract., CSA, obs. notes C US currency and coins C C US, CSA, obs. bank notes C US coins, world crowns, US and foreign currency C Currency errors C Gold coins, broken bank notes of N.J. C Obs. currency, territorial and western C-D All types of paper money •of the world C US currency C US large size notes C-D US and obs. notes C Bank notes C C Unc. US notes, large 1-2-5-10, Small 1-2-5 C US notes, obs. N.Y. military, sulter, scrip C CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE PAGE 14 Papa iltehe9 VOL. 2. NO. 2 MEMBERSHIP ROLL COWL) FROM PAGE 13 102. 103. 106. John Skandera Jr., P.O. Box 146, Little Falls, N.Y. Byron W. Cook, P.O. Box 181, Jackson, Miss. Bernard L. Helfer, 1701 Burnetta St., Champaign, Ill. C-D D C US Coins & currency US currency 107. W. H. Mason, Kent Court Motel, Greensboro, N.C. C All 109. L. P. Leonard, 249 Valley Rd., Cos Cob, Conn. C-D Colonial paper, New England broken bank notes 110. H. W. Gooding, D.D.S., 1001 W. Third St., Ayden, N.C. C Gold and paper money 111. Harold Salmanowitz, c/o Superintendence Co., Inc., 67 Broad St., N.Y. 4, N.Y. C US small size currency 112. Thomas C. Bain, 3717 Marquette Dr., Dallas 25, Texas C Collector of US and World War 2 currency 113. M. Clay Perdue, 4428 Fluvanna Ave., Richmond 34, Va. C Obs. notes incl. CSA 114. Theodore Kemm, 915 W. End Ave., N.Y. 25, N.Y. D Coins and paper money 115. John B. Hamrick Jr., 165-4th St., N.W., Atlanta 13, Ga. C Broken bank notes, Savannah, Ga., St. Augustine, Fla. 117. Richard Jones, 1412 Morningside St., S.E., Roanoke C CSA and Va. notes 13, Va. 118. Casimir X. Urbanski Jr., Oak Ridge Motel, 626 U.S. C-D Paper money and gold coins 17-92, Fern Park, Fla. 119. Ivor S. LeBane, 9024-140 St., Alberta, Canada C Canadian paper money legal tender, chartered banks Edmonton 120. Alfred D. Hoch, 1702 E. Briarvale Ave., Anaheim, Calif. C-D Early scrip and odd denomination notes 121. Forrest W. Daniel, Box 378, Meriden, Conn. C US currency and N.D. National Bank notes 122. A. M. Kagin, 400 Royal Union Bldg., Des Moines, Iowa D 124. George D. Hatie, 1126 Whittier Rd., Grosse Pointe Park 30, Mich. C Colonial and Continental currency, fractional notes bearing Washington's portrait 125. Merral A. Fox, 3006 West Cold Springs Lane, Balti- more 15, Md. C-D Fractional currency, large dollar bills, broken bank notes 126. Fred Cady, 13000 N. Bayshore Dr., North Miami 61, Fla. C Everything 127. Melvin E. Came, 4 Hillcrest Dr., Dover, N.H. C-D Canadian legal tender and obs. notes 128. George E. Broughton, 909 Chamberlin Court, New C International Numismatic specimens Haven, Ind. 129. Abraham Slopak, 32 Hall Hill Ave., Colchester, Conn. C-D Broken bank notes 130. Charles T. Heaton, 135 Kensington Pl., Syracuse C General 10, N.Y. 131. K. D. Espenscied, 237 W. Front St., Dover, Ohio C US gold, US currency 132. Foster W. Rice, 28 Roton Ave., Rowayton, Conn. C Bank notes 1796 to date 133. Nathan Goldstein II, P.O. Box 36, Greenville, Miss. C US currency, especially rotary press notes 134. Jacksonville Coin Club, 4443 Herschel St., Jacksonville 10, Fla. 136. Edwin P. Janzen, 2372 Palermo Dr., San Diego 6, Calif. C-D US, CSA, and broken bank notes 138. Donald B. Wentzel, 22 Hillside Ave., Millville, N.J. C N.J. broken and national bank sotes 139. John M. McMahon, 41-15-44th St., L.I. City 4, N.Y. D Foreign bank notes, foreign gold and crowns 140. Elliot Richardson, Box 155, Urbanna, Va. C State & county notes and US large currency 141. Eiichi Tamiya, 178 Teramae-cho Kanazawa-KU, Yoka- hama, Japan Paper money of Japan 145. H. B. Fleshood, 11 N. Robinson St., Richmond, Va. C CSA, broken bank & Southern State notes 146. Sheldon L. Moses, 115 Main St., Herkimer, N.Y. D 148. James Kirkwood, 4484 Douse Ave., Cleveland 27, Ohio C Foreign paper money 149. Virgil G. Jackson, 94 W. Water St., Beaver Dam, Wis. C US currency & Wis. broken bank notes 150. Charles J. Affleck, 34 Peyton St., Winchester, Va. C Colonial, Continental broken bank, CSA & Southern State notes and bonds 152. Arthur G. Jacobs, 34 Barbara Rd., Dumont, N.J. C CSA, Southern States and Broken Bank notes 153. Irving M. Strong, 1 Elm Court, Reno, Nev. C Colonial notes 154. Bolling C. Stanley, P.O. Box 388, Tallahassee, Fla. C Fla. obs. paper money 155. Paul R. Hunter, P.O. Box 398, Greensburg, Kan. C Kan. National Bank notes 156. Francis J. Hayes, 813 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Wash- ington 4, D.C. C Paper money, modern US coins and medals 157. Edward L. Oschman, 135 Longvue Dr., Pittsburgh C US & foreign paper money 37, Pa. 158. Ethie P. Everest, 10622 Dunaway Dr., Dallas 28, Texas C 159. Albert C. Bulls Jr., 211 Althea St., Tuskegee Insti- tute, Ala. C-D 160. Ardyce R. Twombly, James Baird State Park, Pleasant C Large sized US currency and all silver certificates Valley, N.Y. 161. Dale E. McMullen, 3117 Sloan Street, Flint 4, Mich. C Large US bills 162. John A. McMullen, 1 N. Grand St., Lewistown, Pa. C Foreign paper money 164. Lester G. Beatty, RFD 2, La Moille, Ill. C National Bank notes 165. L. A. Cook, 460 Moreland Way, Hapeville, Ga. C Obs. and broken bank bills CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE VOL, 2, NO. 2 Paper Onq PAGE 15 MEMBERSHIP ROLL CON'D FROM PAGE 14 166. Matt Rothert, P.O. Box 5861, Camden, Ark. C Fractionals, US, CSA, and broken bank bills 168. Thomas J. Settle, P.O. Box 1173, Church St. Station, New York 8, N.Y. D All paper money 169. James N. Treadaway, 5811 Portal, Houston 35, Texas C US paper money 172. Robert S. Porter Jr., P.O. Box 81, Tarentum, Pa. C US paper money 173. Russell W. Wright, 2090 Lilly Dr., Thornton 29, Colo. C US paper money—proofs 174. James Mitchell, 711 Marietta St., Booneville, Miss. C US, CSA, and Mississippi paper money 175. B. R. Buckingham, 385 Third Ave., E.N. Kalispell, Mont. C US small notes 177. 0. Cameron, Box 881, Ardmore, Oklo. 179. James F. Dooley, R.R. 2, Blue Springs, Mo. C Fractional currency 180. Art Lovi, 307 S. Palafox, Pensacola, Fla. C Money of the world 181. Merrill V. Younkin, 2704 Julianne, Wichita 3, Kan. C US $1 & $2 certificates 183. J. Robert Melanson, 902 Peach, El Campo, Texas US general, including coins 184. F. M. Truesdale, 1061 Wisconsin River Dr., Fort Ed- wards, Wis. C National bank notes, fractional currency 185. Eugene Morris, Box 207, Forest City, Iowa C-D US coins and currency 186. Joseph M. Max, 1628-2nd Ave., Conway, Pa. C General 187. Warren C. Steele, Box 675, Altus, Okla. C Foreign currency 188. Pfc. Ronald M. Murphy, US 55717525 Hdq. Co. 2nd C Obs. bank notes Mt. B. 1st Cay. APO No. 39, New York, N.Y. 189. William T. Anton, 42 Main St., Lodi, N.J. C US currency 191. Arthur D. Cohen, Suite 103-E and Bldg. B, 39 State St., Rochester 14, N.Y. C US fractional currency 192. Aubrey E. Bebee, 4514 N. 30th St., Omaha 11, Neb. C-D US and obsolete notes 193. C. Elizabeth Osmun, 418 Acorn Ave., Telford, Pa. C Obs. paper money 194. Milford L. McBride, 211 S. Center St., Grove City, Pa. C Commemoratives and national bank notes 195. George B. Schwarz, 3785 Northampton, Cleveland C-D Old obs. notes Heights 21, Ohio 196. Dr. Herbert Eccleston, 124 Elm Ave., Hackensack, N.J. C Obsolete notes 198. John Tenneson, 336 Beech Ave., Garwood, N.J. C N.J. National Bank and N.J. Broken bank notes 199. Joseph D. Bailey, 279 Elm St., Wequetequock, Pawca- tuck, Conn. C Obs., broken bank notes, uncut sheets 200. Harold R. Klein, 405 Eighth Place, Hinsdale, Ill. C US sheets 201. Clyde G. Plyler, 506 Laurel Court, Lancaster, S.C. C S.C. material 202. Dr. Robert D. Currier, 828 Adkins, Jackson, Miss. C Paper money of World War II 203. Roger E. VanHurle, 2730 Burton Ave., Indianapolis, 23, Ind. C Paper money of the World (incl. US), Crowns 204. C. Paul Carroll, 4512-15th Ave., S. Minneapolis 7, Minn. C US paper money and silver dollars 205. W. Phillip Keller, 122 Crestmont Ave., Lancaster, Pa. C US 206. Tom Hanley, P.O. Box 8043, Dallas 5, Texas C Confederates 207. Miss Marguerite L. Utz, Rt. 2, Attica, Ohio C Cattle on money 208. R. Harvey Anselm, P.O. Box 4034, S.E. Station, Wichita 18, Kan. C-D Mexico--Revolutionary 209. Richard D. Palmer, 407 N. Harlan St., Algona, Iowa C General 213. Travis J. Lewis, 1223 Briarwood Cr., Garland, Texas C-D $1 notes 214. Bill Winters, 3325 Casa Bonita, Corpus Christi, Texas C General 215. Harry Flower, 5200 W. Harrison St., Chicago 44, Ill. All except foreign 216. John Kosior, 155 Blackstone St., Fall River, Mass. C National bank notes 218. Leon H. Bookman, 719 E. Upsal St., Philadelphia 19, Pa. C US and Confederates 219. Gordon W. Telfer, 225 E. Pine St., Big Rapids, Mich. C National bank notes of Michigan 220. Norman Brand, Box 9727, Washington 16, D.C. C US large and small size notes 221. Lester B. DeMay, 10729 Dalton Ave., Tampa 4, Fla. C World wide 222. Ivan L. Felton, Box 1559, Anchorage, Alaska C All US coins and currency 223. Dr. R. P. Caddick, 1101 Maine St., Quincy, Ill. C US 224. Vernon L. Brown, 136 East 55th St., N.Y. 22, N.Y. 226. James Ward, 600 N. McCullough Ave., San Antonio C US, Confederate and foreign currency 12, Texas 227. Stanley J. Kolosky, 237 E. Kirwin, Salina, Kan. C US and Colonial paper money 228. James Smith, 49 Pleasant St., Rockland, Maine C US 229. Joseph Hannabach Jr., 6025 N. 3rd St., Philadelphia C 20, Pa. 230. Edgar M. Batchelder, Box 895, Salem, Mass. C 231. Alexander H. Erickson, 3125 N. 49th St., Milwaukee C US and Confederate Currency 16, Wis. 232. Benjamin G. Egerton, 407 Gittings Ave., Baltimore C Maryland items 12, Md. CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE PAGE 16 PapeP iitene9 VOL. 2, NO. 2 MEMBERSHIP ROLL CON'D FROM PAGE 15 233. William P. Hurt, 23 Kenmore Rd., Indianapolis 19, Ind. C Confederate currency 234. Clark E. Nixon, Bank of Galesville, Galesville, Wis. C Obs. currency 235. E. R. Wentz, 907 W. Virginia, Beaumont, Texas C Obs. currency 236. Thomas H. Kennedy Jr., Milford, N.Y. C-D 237. Catherine Bullowa, Rm. 1006-1616 Walnut St., Phila- delphia 3, Pa. D US, foreign and ancient coins and US currency 238. Thomas A. Morrison, 119 Glenn Ave., Butler, Pa. C Currency 239. Robert P. Geden, 1010 Ridge Court, New Milford, N.J. C-D Numismatic errors, US coins and currency 240. Sam G. Homan, 166 Cornelia St., Brooklyn 21, N.Y. C US $1-$10, foreign general 241. Jules Mero, 3330 Ridgewood Ave., Montreal 26, Canada C-D Canadians 242. Robert L. Glose, 701 Amberson Ave., Pittsburgh 32, Pa. C US currency 243. George W. Bess, 2416 Greenlawn Blvd., Mishawaka, Ind. C-D US 244. Lewie Griffith Merritt Jr., 409 Security Federal Bldg., Columbia, S.C. C S.C. broken bank notes, US currency, Southern states 245. John Scerba, 13430 Madison Ave., Lakewood 7, Ohio C Paper money—coins—medals 246. Monroe Cameron, 530 Oak, Ardmore, Okla. C US currency 248. John Gartner, 15 Guilford Lane, Melbourne C.I., Australia C World paper money, coins 250. Clyde F. MacKewiz, P.O. Box 292, McKeesport, Pa. C Obs. notes—especially A.B.N Co. 253. Allan Petrov, 116 E. 58th St., N.Y. 22, N.Y. D Proofs—world gold—paper 254. John Lake, P.O. Box 719, Gary, Ind. C US paper 255. H. H. Norris, Box 305, Greenwood, Miss. C Type set, coins—US paper—odd and curious 256. N. F. Carlson, 2523 W. Fourth St., Williamsport, Pa. C All 257. F. A. Jones, 8256 Middlepointe, Detroit 4, Mich. C Broken bank notes 258. Rev. Frank H. Hutchins, 924 W. End Ave., New York C Small size US notes 25, N.Y. 259. Homer C. Wolfe, 19488 Grandville, Detroit 19, Mich. C Mich. obs. bank notes 262. William T. Green, Keystone Hotel, 402 E. Broadway, Alton, Ill. C Large size US notes 264. Mrs. Ina May Miller, 108 Branchport Ave., Long C US coins & currency Branch, N.J. 265. Walter G. Heinzle, 413 Main St., Tell City, Ind. C US 266. Jack Layton Woolf, c/o Southern Pacific Co., Redding, Calif. C-D American and Canadian minor coins 268. Tedor Gudell, R.R. No. 2, Box 246, Whitewater, Wis. C US 269. John H. Miller, 513 N. 12th, Independence, Kan. C US 271. Major Sheldon S. Carroll, Box 345, Norwich, Ontario, Canada C Canadian broken bank notes & Canadian merchants notes 272. Thomas F. Helmick, 7826 Teahen Rd., Brighton, Mich. C US $1, $2 and $5 273. Charles N. Case, 2847 Sullivant Ave., Columbus 4, Ohio C World and type set of small size US 274. Michael M. Byckoff, P.O. Box 786, Bryte, Calif. C Russia, Lativa, Lithuania, Estonia, Finland, Poland 275. Aaron Bernarr Beard, 2048 La Cresta Dr., Salt Lake C Early bank notes City 17, Utah 276. George T. Hoff, Box 1761, Fargo, N.D. C-D Foreign scrip 277. John H. Morris Jr., 411 Woodland Dr., Homewood C US coins and currency 9, Ala. 278. John J. Ford Jr., 176 Hendrickson Ave., Rockville C-D Western notes, drafts, scrip, checks, warrants Centre, Long Island, N.Y. 279. Charles M. Wormser, 65 E. 96th St., New York 28, N.Y. 280. Alan G. Phillips, 2803 Wright Ave., Orlando, Fla. C US 281. Captain Alvin E. Naumann, 7000th Support Wing C Large size US and miscellaneous paper money (USAFE), APO 57, N.Y.,N.Y. 282. Karl Scheuch, Lindenstrasse 9, Ober-Eschbach bei Bad Homburg v.d.h., West Germany C German and foreign currency, German porcelain coins 286. William C. Hatcher, P.O. Box 839, Kingston, N.C. C Obsoletes notes 287. Robert P. Payne, Rt. No. 1, Kernersville, N.C. C-D CSA type notes 288. Dwight L. Musser, Box 428, Indian Rocks Beach, Fla. C-D Foreign paper money 290. Eric P. Newman, 6450 Cecil Ave., St. Louis 5, Mo. C American 291. Jimmie N. Lawrence, P.O. Box 8113, Johannesburg, South Africa C World 292. Peter G. Robin, 501 St. Armored Medical Co., APO 26, New York, N.Y. C Foreign paper money 294. Clifford Mishler, P.O. Box 194, Iola, Wis. C-D Medals and tokens 297. Charles W. McLemore, 404 7th Ave., S.W., Decatur, Ala. C US small size notes, Ala. broken bank bills, coins 298. Ben 0. Anderson, 181 Garfield Ave., Elmhurst, Ill. C CSA notes 299. S. M. Barnes, 1205 Sherwin Ave., Chicago 26, Ill. C Small silver certs. and F.R. notes up to $20 CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE VOL. 2, NO. 2 Paper &coney PAGE 17 MEMBERSHIP ROLL CON'D FROM PAGE 16 301. Edgar J. Tucker, 9 Church St., Keyser, W. Va. C Latin America 305. Richard Picker, P.O. Box 366, Albertson, Long D Colonials and Continentals Island, N.Y. 306. John N. Rowe III, 3313 Caruth Blvd., Dallas 25, Texas D US 307. Marvin D. Ashmore, 2215 Clay, Kilgore, Texas C C.S.A. 309. B. R. Brady, 1802 Texas Ave., Lubbock, Texas C Canadian, Mexican, Central and South American, British and possessions 311. C. F. Mackenzie, 401 Ocean Villa, 1245 Beach Ave., Vancouver 5, B.C. 312. Richard D. Brandt, 452 Sutton Ave., Hackensack, N.J. C All paper money 313. L. M. McLennan, 98 Dalewood Ave., Hamilton, Ontario, Canada C Canadian, US, England and colonies 314. Konstantin A. Jansson, 624-16th Ave., San Francisco C Paper money of Russia, Poland, Finland, Baltic 18, Calif. States, P.O.W. Broken banks 315. Robert J. Mandel, P.O. Box 2037, Denver 1, Colo. C Foreign bank notes, merchants tokens 316. Emerson M. Gleason, 8 Kenneth Ave., Apt. 101, Willow- dale, Ontario, Canada C Foreign 317. J. Albert Peddie, 593 St. Clair Ave W., Apt. 6, Toronto 10, Canada 319. Arnold R. Anderson, 2314 Irving Ave., N., Minneapolis C Chinese bank notes 11, Minn. 320. Amon Carter Jr., Star Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas C US currency 322. Edward S. Lawrence Jr., 500 West Clarendon, Phoenix C 13, Ariz. 323. T. Homer Brooks, 1206-8th Ave., S., Nashville, Tenn. C US currency 324. Lauren Benson, 511 Putnam Bldg., Davenport, Iowa D 325. Donald B. Hoge, 6680 Teller St., Arvada, Colo. C Foreign 326. Marvin R. Dershem Jr., 1936 N. 9th St., Grand Junc- tion, Colo. C General 330. Lewis K. Ferguson, 704 Woodworth St., Algona, Iowa C Iowa obs. bank notes 331. Harry H. Phillips, 616 Kirtland St., Pittsburgh 8, Pa. C $5 National bank notes 332. Harry J. Schatz, Fitchville, Conn. C US 335. David Atsmony, P.O. Box 3102, Tel Aviv, Israel C World War II, Russia, Poland, Baltic States and Finland 336. Adolf Feist, 777 Nepperhan Ave., Yonkers, N.Y. C 338. Dr. Arnold Keller, Berlin-Wittenau, Triftstrasse 64, Germany C All paper money, literature 340. Charles F. Goldman, 214 W. 92nd St., New York C Fractional & national currency, etc. 25, N.Y. 341. Roy B. Davis, 3320 Cornelia Dr., Louisville 20, Ky. C CSA, US, odd denominations 342. Col. Grover C. Criswell Jr., P.O. Box 6508, Pass-A-Grille C-D CSA and Southern states Branch, St. Petersburg Beach 41, Fla. 343. Edward B. Kirkpatrick, Box 685, Bloomington, Ind. C Foreign 344. Dr. George Fuld, 1256 Factory Place, Los Angeles 18, Calif. C Md., P.M. Colonials, tokens, medals 346. Keith A. Ewart, 1330 Montgomery St., Moose Jaw, Sask., Canada C 347. Alfred J. Nash, 17190 Locherbie Ave., Birmingham, Mich. C Foreign 352. Albert Pick, Koln-Weidenpesch, Ginsterpfad 3, West C Germany 353. Jay E. Gilkey, 214 N.W. 7th, Oklahoma City 2, Okla. C World wide and US 354. Arthur Mills, 2955 White Plains Rd., New York 67, N.Y. C Foreign 355. Robert 0. Schaeffer, 346 Ingleside Ave., Aurora, Ill. C Foreign 356. Herman A. Krajewski, 33 Park St., Rockville, Conn. C-D Canadian coins and currency 358. Bill Halliwell, 21370 Morris Ave., Euclid 23, Ohio C Obsolete currency 359. Philip Spier, 1817 St. Catherine St. West, Montreal 25, Quebec, Canada D Canadian 360. Julius Turoff, 144-07-69th Ave., Flushing 67, N.Y. C US large bills 361. C. J. Dochkus, 3522 E. Thompson St., Philadelphia D US currency and broken bank notes 34, Pa. 362. James B. Shaffer, Box 1335, Balboa, Canal Zone C Colombia to 1903, Panama and US 363. Werner Amelingmeier, 54 Park Ave. E, Merrick, N.Y. C CSA—Broken banks 364. Roland Charles Casanova, Gen. Del., Margarita, Canal C Zone 365. Steven A. Hiss, 2361 Robin Rd., West Palm Beach, Fla. C Foreign 367. Kenneth J. Ferguson Jr., 2706 Detroit Ave., Cleveland C CSA and Southern states 13, Ohio CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE Paper ilione9PAGE 18 VOL. 2, NO. 2 MEMBERSHIP ROLL CON'D FROM PAGE 17 371. Gordon W. Colket, Box 164, Gladstone, N.J. C-D Advertising notes, proofs 372. L. P. Schweiger, 536 S. Dewey Ave., Jefferson, Wis. C Currency of the Civil War period 373. Mrs. Philip L. Budd, 1005 Ave. G., Ft. Madison, Iowa C Fractional currency 374. Michael Todascu, 267 St. Catherine St. East, Montreal, Canada C-D Canadian 375. Gilvin A. Ayers, 2345 S. San Antonio, Pomona, Calif. C Paper money and medals 376. Robert Goodpaster, 2307 East 2nd St., Apt. 22, Bloom- ington, Ind. C Broken bank notes 377. Col. James W. Curtis, 2117 Noble Ave., Springfield, Ill. C Ill. and Mexican paper money 378. Arthur E. Carlson, 335 Wyandotte St., Bethlehem, Pa. C Foreign currency 379. John P. Butler, Rt. 1, Grandfield, Okla. C Anything used as money 380. Dr. Leonard M. Rothstein, 2409 Sylvale Rd., Baltimore C National Bank notes obs. and Colonials of Maryland 9, Md. 381. Dennis E. Coyle, 518 E. Haney Ave., South Bend 14, Ind. C All paper money 383. Edward E. Cooke, 712 Lyons Ave., Charlottesville, Va. C German Notegeld 1914-1922 384. Albert Philip Cohen, 137 E. 28th St., New York 16, N.Y. C US frac. currency 386. Kenneth M. Gayer, P.O. Box 111, Montreal, P.Q., Canada C-D Foreign 387. John Strojny, 4 South Page St., Kingston, Pa. C All 389. J. B. Craven, 16 East Center St., Lexington, N.C. C 390. Eddy Echenberg, 88 Wellington St., N. Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada C General 392. Louis R. Karp, 2214 Brighton Ave., Louisville 5, Ky. C-D General 393. David W. Karp, 900 Alta Vista Rd., Louisville 5, Ky. C-D General 394. Andre L. Helfer, 78 West St., Medford 55, Mass. D General foreign 395. C. Meister Phetteplace, Elm at Broad & Boyd St., Erwin, Tenn. C 399. Edward K. Elder, 530 Jefferson St., Albuquerque, N.M. C US large notes 400. W. R. Bishop, Drawer 100, Emlenton, Pa. C $2 unc. US notes 401. Charles F. Blanchard, 1514 Canterbury Rd., Raleigh, N.C. C US 402. Dr. M. R. Talisman, 893 Central Ave., Woodmere, N.Y. C Post World War I currency 405. Major Kenneth C. Levin, ARLO 66th Tac Recon Wing, APO 17, N.Y., N.Y. C Foreign, esp. World War 2, China, Soviet Union, British Empire 406. Rev. E. G. Stevens, 1066 S. Plymouth Blvd., Los An- geles 19, Calif. C General 407. Walter D. Rudisill, R.D. No. 2, Seven Valleys, Pa. D Currency and coins 408. Michael Kolman Jr., 4263 Pearl Rd., Cleveland 9, Ohio D All 409. Jack Marles, Box 10, Station A, Calgary, Alberta, Canada D 411. George E. Tillson, 120 E. Hartsdale Ave., Hartsdale, N.Y. C Foreign bank notes 412. Hal Woolway, 1025 Palms Blvd., Venice, Calif. C P.O.W., World War 2, Mexico, China, Japan 413. Capt. J. E. Wilkinson, Unit 1, Box 1122, McChord AFB, Washington C CSA 414. Mrs. Adolph B. Hill Jr., 4925 Pershing Place, St. Louis C 8, Mo. 415. L. J. Waters, P. 0. Box 1051 Madison 1, Wis. C US notes, national bank notes, freak notes 416. Isao Gunji, Curator, Museum of Moneys of the Bank of C Currency and coins Japan, Muromachi Nipponbasi Tynoku, Tokyo City, Japan 418. James W. Johnson, 602 Woodmere Rd., Bera, Ohio C Large US bills and fractional currency 421. Harold C. Johnson, 4212 Kings Court, Jacksonville, Fla. C US currency and broken bank notes 422. Paul A. Younce, 5010 Daleview Ave., Temple City, Calif. C US and foreign obs. currency 423. George W. Killian, 162 Seneca Rd., Rochester 22, N.Y. C US coins and currency 424. Henry 0. Nouss, Box 2775, Hamilton Station, Pompano C General Beach, Fla. 425. Cliff J. Murk, Box 131, Agate Beach, Ore. C CSA, Southern states, colonial and broken banks 426. Philip A. Stewart, 409 S. 5th East, Missoula, Mont. C US and obsolete 427. R. H. Porter, P.O. Box 406, Austin, Texas C CSA, Texas, Southern states 429. Thomas B. Ross, P.O. Box 255, Norwalk, Conn. C-D All fields, esp. US small notes 431. Ted Rogers, 3933 Montgomery Rd., Norwood 12, Ohio D All types of paper money 432. Carl DiFalco, 12100 Robertson, Cleveland 5, Ohio C US currency 433. Robert W. Chilcote, 706 Johnson Ave., Bedford, Ohio C US currency 435. Maurice L. Drake, 4715 W. 18th St., Topeka, Kan. C-D National Bank notes CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE VOL. 2, NO. 2 Paper /)tenet' PAGE 19 MEMBERSHIP ROLL CON'D FROM PAGE 18 436. Lalji Ramji, P.O. Box 562, Daressalaam, Tanganyika, East Africa 438. Hy Brown, P.O. Box 167, Painesville, Ohio D D East African coins and paper money Ohio obs. bank notes 439. Walther Pedersen, 7109 Calder Ave., Sebastopol, Calif. C All foreign paper money 440. Charles S. DeGroat, 1525 Golden Hill Terrace, El Paso, Texas C US and broken bank notes 441. William H. Smrekar, 13508 Lake Shore Blvd., Cleve- land 10, Ohio C Foreign paper money 444. Ernest S. Craighead, 159 La Crosse St., Edgewood C Pa. fractional currency Borough, Pittsburgh 18, Pa. 450. John A. Shaffer, P.O. Box 128, New Haven, Ind. C Foreign and US 451. Charles M. Johnson, 3521 Vista St., Long Beach 3, Calif. C All US paper money 452. Louis H. Haynes, 1101 E. Fischer St., Kokomo, Ind. C US 453. Walter W. Griggs, 56 Dublin St., Brantford, Ontario, Canada C Canadian 455. Kermit Wagner, 1303 Colfax St., Schuyler, Neb. C American coins, esp. CC gold 457. Theodore Martowitz, 11601 St. Mark, Cleveland, Ohio C Pa. broken bank notes 459. Harry M. Lessin, Allen Rd., Norwalk, Conn. C Tokens and obs. paper money 460. Lawrence Falater, 26739 Wexford, Warren, Mich. C CSA and Mich. obs. 461. LCDR E. F. Block, USN, Ret., 722 S. Broom St., Wilmington 4, Del. C US currency and coins, Canadian coins 462. Robert R. Montgomery, 1111 Randall Ave., Whittier, Calif. C Broken bank notes 463. Mrs. Arthur Lucas, 484 Hendee St., Elgin, Ill. C Paper money 464. Barbara R. Mueller, 523 E. Linden Dr., Jefferson, Wis. C Paper money having same designs as postage stamps 465. James Webb, G-4381 South Saginaw, Flint 7, Mich. C Michigan notes 466. Herbert H. Seidler, 3530 Los Pinos Dr., Santa Barbara, Calif. C North and South American, incl. W. Indies 467. Stephen Arthur Gould, Box 3, West Chatham, Mass. C Coins and paper money 468. E. Lorens Borenstein, 519 Royal St., New Orleans 16, La. C Broken bank notes 469. C. H. Clark, 1000 High St., Worthington, Ohio C-D Obsolete notes 470. James Rutlader, 1122 Truman Rd., Kansas City 6, Mo. D All 471. R. E. Medlar, 4516 48th St., Lubbock, Texas C Texas currency 472. Tracy Atkinson, 414 E. Daphne Rd., Milwaukee 17, Wis. C CSA and broken bank notes 473. Nevi11 A. Shireman, 202 N. Catherine St., Middletown, Pa. C Small size notes 474. H. T. Moore, 308 E. Court St., Paragould, Ark. C-D Large size currency 475. Berlin Wilson, P.O. Box 3060, Little Rock, Ark. C Large and small US currency 476. William Bruce, 1004 Eastwood Dr., Ashtabula, Ohio C Ohio broken bank notes and scrip Miss. 477. John M. Grover, 225 N. Bluff, Wichita, Kan. C US coins, bills, broken bank notes 478. James H. White, 10404 Orange Grove Dr., Tampa 12, Fla. C CSA, Canal Bk., Alabama and Fla. State notes 479. Mrs. Ruth B. Springer, 3722 N. 7th St., Milwaukee 6, Wis. C Broken bank notes 480. L. R. Phillips, 403 N. Malone St., Athens, Ala. C-D CSA, US coins and paper 481. Paul Popovich, 416 Highland Ave., Canonsburg, Pa. C 482. Bill Rutkowski, 618 Morgan Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y. C 483. David D. Levy, 1000 Grove St., Evanston, Ill. C US small notes, British Commonwealth 484. Kenneth Kantak, 2450 W. Wells St., Milwaukee 3, Wis. C-D Proof coins and paper 485. Mrs. H. A. McCallum, Box 138, Monroe, Ore. C US large bills and uncut sheets 486. Edward L. Farioly, 15 Golden Hill St., Denbury, Conn. C US large notes and fractionals 487. David Cox Jr., Hertford, N.C. C CSA and N.C. State notes 488. John Hegedus, 516 E. 118th St., N.Y. 35, N.Y. C Foreign paper money 490. Ronald Kowaleski, 5648 Girard Ave., Niagara Falls, N.Y. C-D China„ Cuba, Philippines, Africa, Central and South America 491. Fred Lamb, Box 303, Gorham, N. H. C N.H. obs. and large sized National Bank notes 492. John E. Maher, 722 W. 5th St., Jamestown, N.Y. C Coins-Indians, Jeff ersons, Mercury dimes, quarters 493. Lawrence Marsh, 69 Arundel Place, Clayton 5, Mo. C Obsolete currency 494. Mrs. E. A. Vautrain, 311 S. Jefferson, San Angelo, Texas C Large sized notes 495. Clark F. Bennett, 16 Summer St., Gloversville, N.Y. C Bank notes-large 496. C. R. Rose, 1334 E. 8th, Okmulgee, Okla. C US, CSA, Southern States, Canada military, obs. scrip 497. H. E. Plew Jr., 557 Lincoln Blvd., Santa Monica, Calif. C US small sized notes 498. Rt. Rev. Edmund J. Yahn, 1516 Warwood Ave., Wheel- ing, W. Va. C US small sized notes CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE Paper iitehe9PAGE 20 VOL. 2, NO. 2 MEMBERSHIP ROLL CON'D FROM PAGE 19 505. L. W. Morse, Route 1, Box 45, Potter Valley, Calif. 506. J. W. Schneider, 2121 Mormon Rd., Hamilton, Ohio 507. Ray C. Fahrenberg, 5431 W. Lisbon Ave., Milwaukee 10, Wis. 508. Raymond P. Cody, 1046 Vine St., Denver 6, Colo. 509. Loyde R. White, 1417 Richard St., Dayton 3, Ohio 510. Ralph M. Richards, P.O. Box 415, College Park, Md. 511. Al C. Overton, 336 Colorado Bldg., Pueblo, Colo. 512. John S. Wilson, Box 70, 10799 Sherman Grove Ave., Sunland, Calif. 513. Ralph M. Hinkle, 2877 Memorial Dr., North Muskegon, Mich. 514. Eugene C. Heiman, 1150 S.W. 1st St., Miami 36, Fla. 515. Col. Thomas H. Bradley, Ret., 3055 Larkin Rd., Pebble Beach, Calif. 516. Carl R. Willis, 464 Forest St., Mansfield, Ohio 517. Calvin Hunt, 1319 Summit Ave., St. Paul 5, Minn. 518. C. Lamar McDonald, P.O. Box 222, Vicksburg, Miss. 519. Richard Schneider, 1751-67th St., Brooklyn 4, N.Y. 520. Arthur N. Malm, 7416 Yates Ave., Chicago 49, Ill. 521. Albert Popovich, 1715 Holyoke Ave., East Cleveland 12, Ohio 522. Mrs. H. A. Lingle, 654 Terrylynn Pl., Long Beach 7, Calif. 523. Joseph S. Grant, P.O. Box 2085 Station D, Pasadena, Calif. 524. William E. Benson, 3415 Cedar Springs, Dallas 19, Texas 525. Eugene Spruell, 900 West Rusk, Marshall, Texas 526. Guerdon F. Smith, 5631 Prospect Road, Peoria, Ill. 527. Henry Gogolin, 1052 East 174th St., Cleveland 19, Ohio C US World War II currency C-D US large, small and fractional currency D C American and Canadian coins and currency C US and Canadian coins and paper C General C-D Rocky Mtn. States, large size National Bank notes C C Type set and small size silver certificates C Florida currency C US currency, US silver dollars, US gold C US currency C Paper money C US currency and coins C World C US large and small size paper money C Large sized US currency C Colonial and Continental notes C Silver certificates, $1 notes small size C Currency of the world C Texas and items of historic interest C Broken bank notes C US paper money and coins WANTED WANTED • Obsolete and Broken Bank Notes • Canadian Obsolete Notes • Sutler Notes • Colonial and Continental Notes of Southern Colonies • Uncut Sheets • Or ... What Have You? B. M. Douglas Buy or Trade Virginia Colonial, Broken Bank, State, County, Town Notes and Bonds Charles J. Affleck 402 Twelfth St. N. W. Washington 4, D. C. 34 Peyton Street Winchester, Virginia BROKEN BANK NOTES The most colorful of all paper money issued. The notes are masterpieces of art and engraving. Even if you do not collect paper money, a few of these notes will dress up any collection. All notes are of our choice and will range from Fine to Uncirculated. Early Orders receive the best notes. Buy a few from your home state! 3 Diff. 3 Diff. State Each Notes State Each Notes Alabama 2.50 7.00 Nebraska 3.50 9.50 Colorado (wntd.) - Nevada 17.50 - Connecticut 2.50 7.00 New Hampshire 3.00 8.00 Delaware 3.50 New Jersey 2.50 7.00 D. C. 3.50 New York 2.50 7.00 Florida 4.00 - North Carolina 2.00 5.00 Georgia 1.50 4.00 Ohio 2.00 - Illinois 5.00 Oklahoma (wntd.) - Indiana3.00 Pennsylvania 2.50 7.00 --, Iowa 4.50 - Rhode Island 2.50 7.00 Kansas (wntd.) - - South Carolina 1.50 4.00 Louisiana 1.50 4.00 Tennessee 2.50 7.00 Maine 2.50 7.00 Texas (wntd.) - Maryland 2.00 5.00 Utah (wntd.) - Massachusetts 3.00 8.00 Vermont 2.50 7.00 Michigan 2.50 7.00 Virginia 2.00 5.00 Minnesota 4.50 12.00 Wisconsin (wntd.) - Mississippi 3.00 8.00 Wyoming (wntd.) Missouri (wntd.) - - SPECIAL Type set of notes, including rare $3 note. $1, $2, $3, $5, $10, five pieces all crisp Uncirculated. Set of 5 notes $13.50. All items sent postpaid in heavy acetate holder. Satisfaction always guaranteed. WANTED We wish to purchase quantities of broken bank notes and Texas county notes and scrip. Send price wanted. Hank Bieciuk, Inc. Phone 6414 ANA TNA "America's full-time obsolete currency dealer" Box 1235 Kilgore, Texas Property of SPMC Library DEAL WITH DONLON WHEN BUYING OR SELLING Choice United States Currency UNCUT SHEETS OF UNITED STATES CURRENCY never fail to win admiration from collectors and non- collectors. Many beautiful uncut sheets available in large and current size notes, including uncut sheets of 1929 NATIONALS, six to sheet; and sheets of twelve and eighteen current size SILVER CERTIFICATES AND LEGAL TENDER NOTES. Please send stamped envelope for complete price list and description of these attractive showpieces. TRY TO BEAT THIS GUARANTEE AGAINST DROP IN VALUES! Any currency purchased from DONLON, may be applied toward the pur- chase price of any other numismatic item advertised by DONLON in the future, at FULL PURCHASE PRICE, if in the same condition as when purchased. For your additional protection, and possible recovery in event of loss, all serial numbers are recorded in our files. Want Lists solicited for your requirements in Large and Current Size U.S. Currency, all issues, all denomina- tions. William P. Donlon A.N.A. #4295 P.O. BOX 144 Life Member #101 Charter Member UTICA, NEW YORK Paper Money Collectors