Paper Money - Vol. XL, No. 6 - Whole No. 216 - November - December 2001

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PE flEY Official Journal of the Society of Paper Money Collectors VOL. XL, No. 6 WHOLE No. 216 NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2001 WWW.SPMC.ORG Remember Pearl Harbor WWII Left us Short Snort•er / snort-er / n [shor snort (quick drink)] 1: a member of an informal club for which one who has made a transoceanic flight is eligible. 2: a piece of paper money endorsed by short snorters as a mem- bership certificate for a new member. -- Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary "When Carole Landis and Pat O'Brien got together on the set of Pilebuck (released as Secret Command), the picture they are appearing in at Columbia, they pulled their 'Short Snorter' bills on each other. The result was amazing. Carole and Pat, who both have recently returned from overseas personal appearances, found that their combined strings of bills were long enough to drape Carole attractively in the currency of some 35 countries." -- actual caption attached to the back of a movie promotional still photo c. 1944. F00100104111ii1l.N1114% moo' -"Maw , I 1100".M4,464- 1106 3 4.11 .122MOIP '..XXX.2131WAWLIAle 547: Show Hours: Thursday, March 14 - 2-6 pm Saturday, March 16 - 10 am-6 pm (Advance Preview Day - $25) Friday, March 15 - 10 am-6 pm Sunday, March 17 - 10 am-2 pm A three-day pass is $5 - Children 16 and under are FREE - .---,-, .2N---::-,-='ImW•:_ 40 4,„0.44.4 ____ ._..„..., ,*TM-NOW- 1112uNot 44 --...T.-_-_-;.--7,- it.:14.<;-:fr Atcl/(..e.g.,,-.=_-_-__'7;,,,tt....6, ¢,{:,.4:■",,,,...., YOU'RE INVITED JOIN US THIS SPRING FOR A "MUST ATTEND EVENT" The Strasburg Stock, Bond and Currency Show March 14-17, 2002 Lancaster Host Hotel 2300 Lincoln Highway East (Route 30), Lancaster, PA 17602 Featuring: • A World Class Auction of Stocks, Bonds, and Paper Money By R.M. Smythe & Co. • 100 Dealer Tables • Limited Edition Intaglio Souvenir Card available only at the show • Live Spider Press Demonstrations • Pennsylvania Dutch Tourist Attractions • Factory Outlet Malls Nearby • Free Parking Bourse and Consignment Information: Kevin Foley - R.M. Smythe P.O. Box 37650, Milwaukee, WI 53237 (414) 421-3498 Fax (414) 423-0343 Hotel Reservations: To reserve a room at the Lancaster Host Hotel, call 800-233-0121 and ask for the special $109 Strasburg Currency and Stock & Bond Show rate. Visit the R.M. Smythe & Co. website: ANNOUNCING The Strasburg Currency and Stock and Bond Show September 12-15, 2002 Lancaster Host Hotel 2300 Lincoln Highway East (Route 30), Lancaster, PA 17602 Featuring: • A World Class Currency and Stocks & Bonds Auction by R.M. Smythe & Co. • 100 Booth Bourse Area • Special Intaglio Souvenir Card available only at the show • Live Spider Press Demonstrations • Factory Outlet Malls Nearby • Free Parking • Pennsylvania Dutch Tourist Attractions Bourse and Consignment Information: Kevin Foley - R.M. Smythe P.O. Box 37650, Milwaukee, WI 53237 (414) 421-3498 Fax (414) 423-0343 Show Hours: Thursday, September 12 - 2-6 pm Saturday, September 14 - 10 am-6 pm (Professional Preview - $25) Friday, September 13 - 10 am-6 pm Sunday, September 15 - 10 am-2 pm A three-day pass is $5 - Children 16 and under are FREE Hotel Reservations: To reserve a room at the Lancaster Host Hotel, call 800-233-0121 and ask for the special $109 Strasburg Currency and Stock & Bond Show rate. R.M.SMYTHE PAPER MONEY • November/December • Whole No. 216 357 Paper Money Official Bimonthly Publication of the Society of Paper Money Collectors, Inc. Vol. XL, No. 6 Whole No. 216 NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2001 ISSN 0031-1162 FRED L. REED III, Editor, P.O. Box 793941, Dallas, TX 75379 Visit the SPMC web site: FEATURES Souvenirs, Personal Documents & Immortality 359 By Neil Shafer Short Snorter Looms As Menace 364 By John Steinbeck An Interesting Dallas Deuce 372 By Frank Clark Work Done for ABNCo by James D. Smillie from 1858-1879, Concluded 373 By Gene Hessler and Mark Tomasko Every Short Snorter Has Its Own Tale(s) to Tell 378 By Colonel Bill Murray and Larry "Ski" Smulczenski 'Defaced' Notes Share Exciting Stories 390 By Richard Giedroyc More Thoughts on Short Snorters 394 By Joseph Boling One Note's Story: Long 'Lost' Note Brings Back Memories 396 By Fred Reed SOCIETY NEWS Information & Officers 358 An Index to Paper Money Vol. XL 2001, Nos. 211-216 380 Compiled by George B. Tremmel 2nd Annual George W. Wait Memorial Prize Announcement 386 President's Column 388 By Frank Clark Nominations Open for SPMC Board 388 New Members 400 Editor's Notebook 402 ON THE COVER Secret Command was a fast-paced espionage story set in a California shipyard. O'Brien played a foreign correspondent in the wartime employ of the FBI assigned to thwart potential Nazi saboteurs. Landis played his undercover 'wife.' The movie proved a great suc- cess and was nominated for an Oscar in 1945. Too old to serve in World War II, O'Brien, and co-star Landis both tirelessly undertook many potentially dangerous USO tours to entertain GIs. Landis, who contracted malaria on one such tour, memorialized her trips with the book Four fills in A Jeep, which became a Fox film in 1944. TERMS AND CONDITIONS PAPER MONEY is published every other month beginning in January by the Society of Paper Money Collectors (SPMC). Second-class postage is paid at Dover, DE 19901. Postmaster send address changes to Secretary Torn Minerley, P.O. Box 7155, Albany, NY 12224-0155. C Society of Paper Money Collectors, Inc., 2001. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any article, in whole or in part, without express written permis- sion, is prohibited. Individual copies of this issue of PAPER MONEY are available from the Secretary for S4 postpaid. Send changes of address, inquiries concerning non-delivery, and requests for additional copies of this issue to the Secretary. MANUSCRIPTS Manuscripts not under consideration elsewhere and publications for review should be sent to the Editor. Accepted manuscripts will be published as soon as possible; however, publication in a specif- ic issue cannot be guaranteed. Include an SASE for acknowledgment, if desired. Opinions expressed by authors do not necessarily reflect those of the SPMC. Manuscripts should be typed (one side of paper only), double-spaced with at least 1-inch margins. The author's name, address and telephone number should appear on the first page. Authors should retain a copy for their records. Authors are encour- aged to submit a copy on a 3 1/2-inch MAC disk, identified with the name and version of software used. A double-spaced printout must accompany the disk. Authors may also transmit articles via e- mail to the Editor at the SPMC web site ( Original illustrations are pre- ferred. Scans should be grayscale at 300 dpi. Jpegs are preferred. Inquire about other formats. ADVERTISING • All advertising copy and correspondence should be sent to the Editor • All advertising is payable in advance To keep rates at a minimum, all advertising must be prepaid according to the schedule below. In exceptional cases where special artwork or addi- tional production is required, the advertiser will be notified and billed accordingly. Rates are not corn- missionable; proofs are not supplied. Advertising Deadline: Copy must be received by the Editor no later than the first day of the month preceding the cover date of the issue (for example, Feb. 1 for the March/April issue). With advance approval, camera-ready copy, or electronic ads in Quark Express on a MAC zip disk with fonts sup- plied, may be accepted up to 10 days later. Note: Earlier dates may apply for special issues where space is subject to availability. ADVERTISING RATES SPMC Governors are expected to approve a slight rate increase to bring receipts in line with costs. If adopted, these new rates will take effect with the Jan/Feb 2002 issue of Paper Money. Please inquire to Editor or Advertising Manager. Requirements: Full page, 42 x 57 picas; half-page may be either vertical or horizontal in format. Single-column width, 20 picas. Except covers, page position may be requested, but not guaran - teed. All screens should be 150 line or 300 dpi. Advertising copy shall be restricted to paper cur- rency, allied numismatic material, publications, and related accessories. The SPMC does not guar- antee advertisements, but accepts copy in good faith, reserving the right to reject objectionable material or edit copy. SPMC assumes no financial responsibility for typo- graphical errors in ads, but agrees to reprint that portion of an ad in which a typographical error occurs upon prompt notification. IN THIS ISSUE 358 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY Society of Paper Money Collectors SOCIETY OF The Society of Paper Money Ige:i/ PAPER MONEY Collectors (SPMC) was orga- $ COLLECTORS nized in 1961 and incorporated INC. in 1964 as a non-profit organiza- tion under the laws of the District of Columbia. It is affiliat- ed with the American Numismatic Association. The annual SPMC meeting is held in June at the Memphis IPMS (International Paper Money Show). Up-to-date information about the SPMC and its activities can be found on its Internet web site . MEMBERSHIP—REGULAR and LIFE. Applicants must be at least 18 years of age and of good moral character. Members of the ANA or other recognized numismatic societies are eligible for member- ship; other applicants should be sponsored by an SPMC member or provide suitable references. MEMBERSHIP—JUNIOR. Applicants for Junior membership must be from 12 to 18 years of age and of good moral character. Their application must be signed by a parent or guardian. Junior mem- bership numbers will be preceded by the letter "j," which will be removed upon notification to the Secretary that the member has reached 18 years of age. Junior members are not eligible to hold office or vote. DUES—Annual clues are $24. Members in Canada and Mexico should add $5 to cover postage; members throughout the rest of the world add $10. Life membership—payable in installments within one year is $500, $600 for Canada and Mexico, and $700 elsewhere. Members who join the Society prior to October 1 receive the magazines already issued in the year in which they join. Members who join after October 1 will have their dues paid through December of the following year; they also receive, as a bonus, a copy of the magazine issued in November of the year in which they joined. Dues renewals appear in the Sept/Oct Paper Money. All checks should be sent to the Society Secretary. ._)1,71 a/At:1[24\ OFFICERS ELECTED OFFICERS: PRESIDENT Frank Clark, P.O. Box 117060, Carrollton, TX 75011-7060 VICE-PRESIDENT Wendell A. Wolka, P.O. Box 569, Dublin, OH 4301 7 SECRETARY Tom Minerley, P.O. Box 7155, Albany, NY 12224-0155 TREASURER Mark Anderson, 335 Court St., Suite 149, Brooklyn, NY 11231 BOARD OF GOVERNORS: Benny J. Bolin, 5510 Bolin Rd., Allen, TX 75002 C. John Ferreri, P.O. Box 33, Storrs, CT 06268 Gene Hessler, P.O. Box 31144, Cincinnati, OH 45231 Ronald L. Horstman, 5010 Timber Ln., Gerald, MO 63037 Arri "AJ" Jacob, P.O. Box 1649, Minden, NV 89423-1649 Judith Murphy, P.O. Box 24056, Winston-Salem, NC 27114 Fred L. Reed Ill, P.O. Box 793941, Dallas, TX 75379-3941 Robert Schreiner, P.O. Box 2331, Chapel Hill, NC 27515- 2331 Steven K. Whitfield, P.O. Box 268231, Weston, FL 33326 APPOINTEES: EDITOR Fred L. Reed III, P.O. Box 793941, Dallas, TX 75379-3941 CONTRIBUTING EDITOR Gene Hessler, P.O. Box 31144, Cincinnati, OH 45231 ADVERTISING MANAGER Robert Schreiner, P.O. Box 2331, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2331 LEGAL COUNSEL Robert J. Galiette, 3 Teal Ln., Essex, CT 06426 LIBRARIAN Richard J. Balbaton, P.O. Box 911, North Attleboro, MA 02761 MEMBERSHIP DIRECTOR Frank Clark, P.O. Box 117060, Carrollton, TX 75011-7060 PAST PRESIDENT Bob Cochran, P.O. Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031 1929 NATIONALS PROJECT COORDINATOR David B. Hollander, 406 Viduta PI, Huntsville, AL 35801-1059 WISMER BOOK PROJECT COORDINATOR Steven K. Whitfield, P.O. Box 268231, Weston, FL 33326 BUYING AND SELLING CSA and Obsolete Notes CSA Bonds, Stocks & Financial Items 60-Page Catalog for $5.00 Refundable with Order ANA-LM SCNA PCDA CHARTER MBR HUGH SHULL P.O. Box 761, Camden, SC 29020 (803) 432-8500 FAX (803) 432-9958 SPMC LM 6 BRNA FUN PAPER MONEY • November/December 200 • Whole No. 216 359 Souvenirs, Personal Documents & Immortality BY NEIL SHAFER, LM30 I LOVE SHORT SNORTERS! NOT ONLY HAVE I BEEN GATH- ering these homeless waifs up every time I see them (practically), I've written about them for years, first in the Whitman Numismatic Journal in the 1960s and several times in Bank Note Reporter as well. And believe me, those good signatures are really out there waiting for YOU to find them, too! I have been lucky that way, having found movie stars, political figures, high-ranking military individuals among others. One of the best turned out to be a lone sig- nature on a small Italian note of World War II vintage. That signature was only Humphrey Bogart, and I had Scott Winslow authenticate it for me. He said its quite a rare one because he is so well known even today. By the way, that finding occurred, would you believe, within the last year!!! The special significance of a short snorter, single or roll, is that such items meant something very special to the original owner(s), and we who find them later on can only try to capture a little of that feeling and meaning they represented at one time. In these pages I'll share some of my finds with you. Each was a joy in its own way. Good Hunting! There are many kinds of world notes with inscribed signatures or some other kinds of written messages. The contents of the written words can determine the rough classification of such notes, but whichever way they are classified, invariably they have all been the bearers of some sort of personal testimonial that someone, some- place, felt obliged to put on a piece of paper currency. By far the majority of these pieces are known to col- lectors as Short Snorters -- notes with one or more names, often in a row, and usually found attached to others of similar appear- ance. The name itself is defined two ways, as follows: (a) A member of an informal club for which a pilot, crew member or a passenger who has made a transoceanic flight is eligible; (b) A piece of paper money endorsed by short snorters as a membership certificate for a new member. It seems that the idea of a Short Snorter club sprang up during the earlier days of flight when transoceanic travel was still considered something of a feat. As the definition indicates, it became the custom for older members of this vaguely defined club (usually the crew members of an airplane) to sign their names on a single piece of paper money which then served as the owner's "membership card," to be permanently retained and shown on demand. Failure to produce that signed note at any time meant that a penalty had to be paid, generally a dollar or a drink (short snort). From this practice the term itself is derived. While not as glamorous as Carole Landis on this issue's cover, author Shafer never the less cuts a swash- buckling figure modelling a lengthy Short Snorter roll of his own at the 1st Memphis International Paper Money Show in 1977. Figures la & 1 b. Here is what a typical Short Snorter note looks like. The only distinguishing feature on this note is one of the first vertically placed signa- ture at top -- it looks like Bob Hope to me! (It is.) Shown enlarged at right. Figure 2. This large French note with all its World War II signatures has to be the epitome of the single-bill concept. 'rat, ,•" 41 -- . A R1 S, le 21 Segtembre 1939. Z. „11 tf:7' "Lfrh,;*.04...-14.7444,.en—t. arv., / 41e-, r 4 aTk 8 7 8 9 5 6 ., C4 ‘r. ck1det, "7' ,,.(1e-‘'f •-filf • 360 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY The casual and slow growth of this exclusive club was abruptly shattered by the entry of the United States into the conflagration of World War II. Overnight many thousands of servicemen in every branch of the service became involuntary candidates, and the evidence shows that a great many of them were more than glad to accept the responsibilities of membership. It was often the case that a particular individual would be assigned to a number of locations around the world during his tour of duty. Though the original concept included the signing of only a single note as the Short Snorter, the member would soon find that one bill was just not providing enough room for him to gather the signatures of his buddies who were also Short Snorters. The solution was simply to start Scotch taping all sorts of notes gathered during his world travels together end on end, creating rolls sometimes reaching massive lengths of eight or ten feet! Now there was space enough for hundreds ENITED,STATE *644' IFIRVC T.11 0 JELY .,... st, ..-4,” a2.uts. Wertvi,,., ,7-4,! ile., ' ....W71017, Oat. :-.:,:.•,,,,, PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 361 Figures 3a & 3b. The owner of this particular piece created a D-Day commemorative complete with date and a truly artistic drawing of a U. S. soldier putting it to the German. He really had a knack for drawing car- toon characters, didn't he? of names -- and that is exactly what you can find on many of these rolls of bills. Signature exchange became a ritual indulged in by everyone, including many 'famous individuals such as entertainers, actors, actresses and others who were sent to military bases all over the world by the U.S.O. Often obtaining such signatures was accomplished with surprising ease, because it seemed everyone wanted to sign these notes. Some even included personal messages with their names, thus adding to the fun. But was it all in good ol' fun? My own belief is that there was some underlying feeling on the part of most signers that they were doing it at least in part because they wanted to achieve a bit of inner immortality. Without really expressing it, they may have feared that if they did not return from some battle, the proof that "they were there" would not exist anywhere else, so here was their signature to prove that they had indeed been there. That feeling must account for the great personal value their owners felt for such notes. These pieces were carried everyplace, becoming more and more abused from the cheap Scotch tape plus rough handling by so many GI's. Yet they stand today as a testimonial to the endurance of the human spirit if nothing more. And therein lies the great personal importance they engendered to their original owners, a feeling that we can only empathize with today as we come across them scattered here and there. Numismatically and historically there are other aspects that come into play when discussing the subject of Short Snorters. It is often true that some Figures 4a & 4b. This pair of Fractional Currency souvenir notes should also be considered a part of the Short Snorter concept even though they predate the advent of the name by many years. 362 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY 3.' ' —0 : : °T 0' x ; : : ':,!'„ , IF Sgrie 1,35n. , i!''''"" Di i . "' ''.• I REPISU7.1ql:ki ,,eis bomainero-‘nationatua, AssIgnat de)-dicysous,_ payablexcuporleur. —.1c , .01 I ,.g..., 1 il. .0, X; A ,_ 1;04 1 IQ .7.4t,..' . ! , ......, "."'If L.lo; poxl,de La" ' .2?. ' :. 4 co.r...f.c,sci:b; • . IA "Alia. re...cap.. :.lerlirsotsolatettr.,.. 4 • Figures 5a & 5b. Any note was eligible to be transformed into a Short Snorter. This French assignat of 1792 is the old- est piece I have ever seen to emanate from World War II as a souvenir. great notes are a part of a roll of bills, heavily taped, and at times with names or other messages written on them. Two facts come to mind: First, if not for their having been included on the roll or used as a single-note messenger of some kind, they would probably not exist any longer. Second, the very way they are used may prove to be of great significance. Let me demonstrate. Some of the illustrations easily prove the first of these two points. The second is more elusive, but it can also be shown. Take a look at the small roll of notes with the French 20-franc piece featuring a fisherman. Now notice that it also carries the infamous head of Hitler (from a postage stamp) at the lower left corner. If you examine the note carefully you will see that it looks like the fish- erman is strangling Der Fuehrer. Well, that is the way it was supposed to look - - certainly an interesting sort of propaganda note. But it's no good unless we can prove it is contemporary. Anyone can take the very common French note and attach very common stamp pieces right now. So it is worth nothing much except if you can prove you have a genuine piece made during the war. On this particular example it happens that there are small slits in the note where the rope is, and part of the neck is inserted under- neath to give the effect of strangling. That is how it was supposed to have been prepared, according to a letter printed by Time magazine in the September 4, 1944, issue. Along with an illus- tration of a similar example, the letter reads as follows: pala,m to i aithn pa 1 -dos bilota en i bagaral. i pereu biloug Gavnit, a etas luka t gut long ) 6Figure 6. Sometimes really great items have been caught on a Short Snorter roll. Here is a fine example, a leaflet in Pidgin English originally dropped over areas like New Guinea in order to tell inhabi- tants how to assist downed air- men. 'tit, Ilk nAll 111 WA Ifilll ka pppo nau ,. giitpala katkal ti§tpus .TaPan iktun klostiCy, a 01 Japan. '111 Wanpalatioi igat tatanun of .., .n.a.. uin gat ans140 ol'n"gi.11silip. 'Weki k bu po, Into ino imp long to aim. „ I okfn bI lukaut long s,1! iib. Nada i.oi i w .krtjaut wta ling Vol ;., t• de6•10. ta..kjAm lief tnasta i wakiln Pas gitbn pa tong kial` Itattia} I 4 got ilia G VMAN Tau Mau non 1)anai matt oaa . aitiln await ni ituntinint unbo i *In 141g mastic ; a wAS2pet.1911tivialu g iw olagml Asiubilong yupala mek in bet nau g . bilipap en. ihnito nig 0)::, , °bunt wkuini asta nau I min; liklik brir U04 g MAI A. 'hint k ip taamap pe. Sapos Lak kamap ; E au lukira. ALA MAS 31,W.graratCV T401% CAWArlaifilirtaW"L ///"/ / // / 1,1 //c/7-ex)) litilAgriffitikilWAVOK D7099C* arisivampi. 400010xxicixorm 0ErMiT1111.111 6 EHIE4 D70990^ WallitOSVCOMOSK. 1+11Z) Z3+.111/3-till.a.11 yeza/iewfcacevamafe, h.;;e1 , f4/1// ,/1/49<))) N929443 4trannylUilats*.itN. umtimmmlfyr :/%,i / , ./G /, /X/ / N9294 1 3 SUPERB UNITED STATES CURRENCY FOR SALE SEND FOR FREE PRICE LIST BOOKS FOR SALE COMPREHENSIVE CATALOG OF U.S. PAPER MONEY by Gene Hessler. 6th Edition. Hard cover. 579 pages. The new Edition. $32.00 plus $3.00 postage. Total price $35.00. THE ENGRAVERS LINE by Gene Hessler. Hard cover. A complete history of the artists and engravers who designed U.S. Paper Money. $75.50 plus $3.50 postage. Total price $79.00. NATIONAL BANK NOTES by Don Kelly. The new 3rd Edition. Hard cover. Over 600 pages. The new expanded edition. Gives amounts issued and what is still outstanding. Retail price is $100.00. Special price is $65.00 plus $4.00 postage. Total price $69.00. U.S. ESSAY, PROOF AND SPECIMEN NOTES by Gene Hessler. Hard cover. Unissued designs and pictures of original drawings. $14.00 plus $2.00 postage. Total price $16.00. Stanley Morycz P.O. BOX 355, DEPT. M • ENGLEWOOD, 011 45322 937-8915-0114 364 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY Short Snorter Looms as Menace By John Steinbeck By telephone to the New York Herald SOMEWHERE IN AFRICA. (VIA LONDON) -- SEP. 7, 1943 --The growth of the Short Snorters is one of the greatest single menaces to come out of the war so far. The idea started as a kind of a joke in a time when very few people flew over an ocean in an airplane. It became the custom, then for the crew of the airplane to sign their names on a one dollar bill which made the new; ocean flyer a Short Snorter. He was sup- posed to keep this bill always with him. If at any time he were asked if he were a Short Snorter, and he did not have his signed bill with him he was forced to pay a dollar to each member present at the time when the question was asked. It was good fun and a kind of general joke and also it was a means of getting someone to pay for the drinks. But then came the war and the building of thou- sands of ships and the transporting of thousands of men overseas by airplane and every single one became a Short Shorter. There are hundreds of thousands of Short Snorters now who have actually flown over an ocean, and there are further hundreds of thousands who carry a signed bill. And the new Short Snorter goes much farther than having his bill signed by the crew which carried him on his initial crossing. The custom has grown to have the bill signed by everyone you come across. At a bar you ask your drinking com- panion to sign your bill. You ask generals and actors and Senators to sign your bill. With the growing autographing, one bill soon was not enough. You procured another bill and stuck it with Scotch tape to your first bill. Then the thing went farther. You began to collect bills from other countries. To your American dollar bill, you stuck a one-pound English note, and to it a 50-franc Algerian note, and to it a hundred-lira bill. Every place you went you stuck the money to your growing Short Snorter until now there are people who have stream- ers eight and 10 feet long, which folded and rolled, make a great bundle in the pocket, and these stream- ers are covered with thousands of names and repre- sent besides considerable money. Even the one dollar original is disappearing. Many new Short Snorters use $20 bills, and some even $100 bills. These are the new autograph books. The original half of the joke has been lost. In bars, in airports, in clubs, the first thing that must be done is a kind of general exchange of signatures. Serious and intelli- gent gentlemen sign one another's bills with an absolute lack of humor. If the party is fairly large it might take an hour before every one has signed the bill of every one else. Meanwhile the soup gets cold. There are favorite places on the bill for honored and desirable autographs. The little space under Morgenthau's name is one such. The wide space beside the portrait on the bill is another. If you get an autograph you want to show you have it written on a clear space, but if it is just one of the run-of the-mill signatures it is put any place in the green part where it hardly shows up at all. It is a frantic, serious-minded, insane thing. Men of dignity scramble for autographs on their Short Snorts. A special case, usually made of cello- phane, is sometimes carried to house the bill, or the long streamer of bills because these treasures are han- dled so much that they would fall to pieces if they were not protected. The effort and time involved in this curious thing is immense. Entertainers who travel about to our troops sign literally thousands of Short Snorter bills. For no longer do people have to fly an ocean to be members. The new method is that any Short Snorter can create a new Short Snorter. The club is pyramid- ing. Probably there are 10,000,000 Short Snorters now, and every day new thousands begin to scribble on their bills. It would be interesting to know how many bills are withdrawn from circulation to be used as autograph books. They must run into the millions. The use of large bills as Short Snorter bills has a curious logic behind it. The man or woman who used a $20 or $100 bill feels that he or she will not spend this money because of the signatures on it, but he also feels that if he needs to he can spend it. Thus he has a nest egg or mad money and a treasure, too. He will not toss it over a bar nor put it in a crap game, but if he really should get into a hole he has this money with him. Very curious practices grow out of a war and surely none more strange than this one has taken over the public recently. This article appeared in Los Angeles Examiner Reprinted from MPCGram, , Series 002 Number 169, (Friday, 17 November 2000). Hitler Throttled Sirs: Take a good look at the enclosed French 20 franc note (see cut). It's one of the clever- est methods of subtle noncollaboration I can imagine. The French people who gave it to me said that millions of these were circulating around while the Germans were here.... The effect is produced by inserting a German a43$!,,p FRANCS postage-stamp portrait of Hitler behind the French fisherman's rope. ( PFC.) LESLIE LIEBER c/o Postmaster New York City PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 365 Figures 7a & 7b. Here is a rather small roll of notes illustrating a French 20- franc note bearing the head of Hitler at lower left. It turns out to be a genuine propaganda piece from the war (see discussion). Below: Letter to the Editor regarding this type of note alter- ation published in Time magazine, Sept. 4, 1944. Hitler Throttled "Sirs: Take a good look at the enclosed French 20 franc note (see cut). It's one of the cleverest methods of subtle noncollaboration I can imag- ine. The French people who gave it to me said that millions of these were circulating around while the Germans were here....The effect is produced by inserting a German postage-stamp portrait of Hitler behind the French fisherman's rope. -- (Pfc.) Leslie Lieber" Commenting on the above letter, I would say Pfc. Lieber (and those who told him about the wide circulation of the note) were cer- tainly exaggerating greatly -- there were not "millions" of these pieces as shown, otherwise we would have seen many more on the market. But as mentioned earlier, they are very easy to manufac- ture. The only ones that are really worthwhile are any of them that can be proven genuine products of the period. Several factors prove that the one on the roll is in fact a gen- uine wartime product. First, closer examination of this piece showed that two small slits had actually been made on either side of the rope so that the neck could be inserted through both of them. Second, there is old Scotch tape over a part of Hitler's head. Third, there is a handwritten inscription about "...thanks for our libera- tion" signed by a Frenchman on the face, and a penned date of "28- 1-45" on the back. It is certainly possible that the much simpler method of sticking the head onto the note without making the slits was also used for some of these; I do not know. All I can say for sure is that we have at least one that is absolutely real. Most of the Short Snorter notes I have seen are from United States personnel and written in English. Of course, there were some who wrote in foreign languages, but by and large they are in English. This makes me wonder if servicemen from other countries November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY366 THIS G[FITIFNIS THAT THU. IS ON OLP0•11. IN TN E TREASURY OFTwit itemiggA systraisi G 29492144 E • x4,-"xlizazz.,/== THIS C[RTINCA FOR ALL O[BTS, ,P=7 -=-2;11-1 t No..rssr.-r e: ,t xpabir:Acaluale tr' aoruE An-sac...cum lan,re6r, Pic M - ,NA tiA 5 Ki/AP,4* Figures 9a, 9b & 9c. Collecting signa- tures was and still is a part of the game. Someone got Jack Benny and Larry Adler to sign the note from Egypt. I'm sure you recognize the sin- gle signature on the English 10 shillings (Joe Louis), and none other than Harry Truman placed his name on the dollar. Figures 10a & 10b. War history is for- ever recorded at the scene by partici- pants in the event itself. Some exam- ples in my collection record V-E Day on a French Allied Military Currency note, the invasion of bloody Iwo Jima (below), and notes naming Hiroshima and Nagasaki, such as the one shown at right. also took to the Short Snorter habit. While I have never encountered a roll of bills from an obviously foreign source, I believe that a good many of them did at least pursue the preparation of single notes as souvenirs of various kinds. The above description applies to a majority of the notes found with inscriptions. In the main, those that fit contain signatures of buddies, famous individuals, or whoever else could be convinced to sign. Certainly all the rolls of notes made for the purpose truly belong to this group. But there are other kinds of notes with varying messages that really do not conform to most of the above considerations. Let's look at a few of them in some detail. Many inscribed notes are found as singles, often with the avowed purpose of serving as a souvenir of the place of origin. Their makers came from a wide variety of locales, ,.32060 LCC. Irc r Y tS! I'm interested in selling paper money to Littleton. Please contact me regarding my collection or holdings. Fill out this coupon and Fax Toll Free to (877) 850-3540, or Mail to: 401 -Littleton Coin Company Dept. BFS005 1309 Mt. Eustis Road Littleton, N.H. 03561-3735 coinbuy@littletoncoin.corn L Name Address City/State/Zip Daytime Phone Best time to call PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 367 Last Year Alone... Littleton Spent More Than $14 Million on U.S. Coins & Paper Money! Why We Need Your U.S. Paper Money It's simple. We have lots of customers, and because of their collecting needs, WE NEED YOUR PAPER MONEY! We can afford to pay highly competitive buy prices because we retail all the notes we buy. Over 150,000+ Customers Want Your Notes! Wide Range of U.S. Notes Wanted! • Single notes to entire collections • Very Good to Gem • Early large size notes to high denomination small size notes • All types including Legal Tender Notes, Silver & Gold Certificates and more Knowledge and Experience Count — We've Got Both We've earned our reputation as a nationally recognized leader in the numismatic field. And our buying team — with more than 60 years of combined experience in the grading and buying of coins and paper money — has played a crucial role. Why You Should Consider Selling to Littleton • Highly competitive buy prices • Fair appraisals and offers • Fast confirmation and settlement • Finders fees and joint arrangements • Over 50 years experience buying and selling coins and paper money • We welcome the opportunity to purchase your paper money David Sandman, President ANA Life Member #4465; PNG #510; Society of Paper Money Collectors LM#163• Member, Professional Cun -ency Dealers Association Jim Reardon (left) and Butch Caswell, two of Littleton's experienced team of buyers. We welcome the chance to consider your notes! Buyer Phone: (603) 444-1020 Toll Free: (800) 581-2646 Fax: (603) 444-3501 or Toll Free Fax: (877) 850-3540 Teletype: Facts D97 CoinNet NHO7 Dun & Bradstreet #01-892-9653 Over 50 Years of Friendly Service to Collectors! November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY Figure 11 (above). The writer of this letter home had no idea how good a souvenir he was using. The note hap- pens to be a Philippine wartime peso of 1941, one of those rare pieces sent to the Bureau of Standards for "aging" during World War 11 to simulate used currency. ifis041441 light 010or wi Oita bill f #4414rifts Wia,t iVesr k4.e•eficd__ ermr, _/2S .41* ,-Pe-4e45•04040 ,%1Stigke 7r $.44,./ere4 l. Figures 12a, 12b & 12c. Some notes have unusual inscriptions. The ones shown (clockwise) include half a note with an explanatory notation about its use to light a cigar; a marriage proposal upside down on a Japanese-Philippine 50 centavos; and a "Personal" Short Snorter. 368 PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 369 4%) "m0V1 SNORT CHAPTER Figures 13a & 13b. Apparently some of the major airlines saw fit to prepare notes for use as Short Snorters. The one at far left is from Northwest; I have also seen them from TWA. Any others? People from other lands also participated in the Short Snorter experience. Most likely this one at left with Chinese inscription meant something very special to its original owner. Figure 14. This English military issue caught a few signatures, especially the two-for-one name of "Edgar Bergen and Charlie" (third one down at left). ranging from the Civil War to the Mexican border fighting to private souvenir usages from many venues. Because they were thus used, they are not regularly seen as an attached unit in a large roll of notes. These pieces were frequently sent home to loved ones in a letter, thereby separating them totally from other similar kinds of pieces. It appears that in many instances any notes from every- where were sent home as substitutes for holiday greeting cards, obviously unavailable to service personnel in most places during the war. You can find a fairly large number of holiday greeting notes, and practically all seem to come from the Asian theaters of war. I speculate this phenomenon results from the fact that fighting during island-hopping in the Pacific was more sporadic, thereby allowing such notes to be prepared more easily than in Europe where fighting might be continuous throughout the continent with no particular letup. There is one final point of discussion I want to make. The Short Snorter nomenclature has been expanded here to include most of the different kinds of notes shown and described. But what about souvenirs and inscribed notes that predate the invention and development of the airplane? How do we treat Fractional Currency or Confederate notes so used? Conversely, where do we place the modern souvenir notes so many of us are constantly manufacturing (e.g., November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY obtaining signatures of Treasury officials or other well-known individuals)? Technically they might never be thought of as Short Snorters in the real sense because they are just too early or too late; yet I feel that since we have allowed inclusion for all the rest, it stands to reason that any and all such notes, from whatever period, should be given the same sta- tus. Do you agree? Want to make a collection of such pieces? You can find them almost anyplace, from various auctions to the proverbial miscellaneous boxes of low-priced notes. Just remember that every one of them meant something very special to their original owners, and when you happen upon an example, you now have the privilege of renewing its unique status as something a little more than just a piece of paper money with graf- fiti. It's a bit like saving a part of someone's very soul. 370 Figures 15a & 15b. During the formation of NATO there were special meetings at various times and places. This pair of Turkish notes was carefully prepared to serve as factual souvenirs of the Military and Naval Survey Group meeting there in 1947. Faces and backs of both notes were similarly used for all the different names of the participants. Figures 16a & 16b. This pair from the Korean War includes a 'normal' type of Short Snorter (left) with a self-proclaimed com- memorative for the 186th Anniversary Finance Corps U.S. Army (above). Figure 17. I leave you with this Gaelic wish as found on an Irish wartime one pound note of 1944. Its sentiment is beautifully presented, and it is one of my favorites. 61 0 9145 ECLAT, i NOT.% ,4 ENDER DUI- 4 NoTE THArrtG'rult t 3 t' . 144 Th.t Z 0% 4,, 1 1)001 ,WIlW2flp2213_ t2 1890 $1,000 "Grand Watermelon" Note sure stM i a 41111611311111bo tilisip;44kaamini~er $500 1880 Legal Tender Serial #1 Washington Brownback 1882 $1,000 Gold Certificate PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 371 Lyn Knight Currency Auctions Deal With The Leading Auction Company in U.S. Currency If you are buying notes... You'll find a spectacular selection of rare and unusual currency offered for sale in each and every auction presented by Lyn Knight Currency Auctions. Our auctions are conducted throughout the year on a quarterly basis and each auction is supported by a beautiful "grand format" catalog, featuring lavish descriptions and high quality photography of the lots. Annual Catalog Subscription (4 catalogs) $50 Call today to order your subscription! 800-243-5211 If you are selling notes... Lyn Knight Currency Auctions has handled virtually every great United States currency rarity. We can sell all of your notes! Colonial Currency... Obsolete Currency... Fractional Currency... Encased Postage... Confederate Currency... United States Large and Small Size Currency... National Bank Notes... Error Notes... Military Payment Certificates (MPC)... as well as Canadian Bank Notes and scarce Foreign Bank Notes. We offer: • Great Commission Rates • Cash Advances •Expert Cataloging •Beautiful Catalogs Call or send your notes today! If your collection warrants we'll be happy to travel to your location and review your notes 800-243-5211 Mail notes to Lyn Knight Currency Auctions P. 0. Box 7364, Overland Park, KS 66207-0364 We strongly recommend that you send your material via USPS Registered Mail insured for its full value. Prior to mailing material, please make a complete listing, including photocopies of the note(s), for your records. We will acknowlege receipt of your material upon its arrival. If you have a question about currency, call Lyn Knight. He looks forward to assisting you. C'Crill hi Currency Auctions A Collectors Universe Company Nasdaq: CLCT P.O. Box 7364, Overland Park, KS 66207 • 800-243-5211 • 913-338-3779 • Fax: 913-338-4754 • Elnan lyntknightetnol.corn • www.lynknight.eom Mostly 372 By FRANK CLARK TWO1111111G-LA7[S THIS NOTE IS LEGAL TEND OP ALL DEBTS, P.M AND K 026140030 A • 111.191M114111% rimAns, ;1111f4.C4:71P NIN);),A1,144,rt MAT THIS NOTE IS LEGAL TEND FOR ALL DEBTS, PUBLIC AND 11 0.ktOte,4/ZeS4 Ornswr•e,Ok. /bidal.S4,4:1•. I ■■:1 V V ti I "Ilt" , ■ I O An Interesting Dallas Deuce N APRIL 13, 1976, THE FIRST SMALL SIZE $2 Federal Reserve Notes were issued to the pub- lic. To commemorate this event, the U.S. Post Office allowed for the cancellation of currency on a hand-back basis as long as first class postage was attached to the note, which was thirteen cents at the time. This was how it was sup- posed to be, however many examples can be found of notes with less than thirteen cents or no postage at all. Perhaps newer entrants into the field of currency collecting have seen a few of these notes at shows and have wondered what those odd items are. Another big cancellation date for collectors was the Bicentennial of the United States, July 4, 1976. Besides November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY being a holiday, the date fell on a Sunday, so post offices would not normally be open. However, a few post offices were allowed to be open in each state to mark the special occasion. In Texas, the following cities had post offices open for July 4, 1976: Anderson, Beaumont, Corpus Christi, Dallas, Houston and Lufkin. However, a few temporary post offices were set up in certain locations. There were also some 24-hour service locations not shown on the official list of post offices open on July 4, 1976, that were indeed open. The note pictured is an interesting note. It was not only autographed in brown ink by Francine I. Neff, Treasurer of the U.S., but was canceled afterwards (the cancellation to the left of the Jefferson portrait is on top of the autograph) at Waco, Texas on July 4, 1976, twice: once without postage and once with a thirteen cent stamp. The Liberty Bell stamp of the era ties in nicely with the Bicentennial theme of the note. This must have been a 24 hour service location or a temporary post office for the Bicentennial. Postally canceling such notes ($1 and $2 notes were the denominations of choice) was done for a few years after the Bicentennial, limited only by the collector's imagination. This specialty was both numis- matic and philatelic and therefore nei- ther. It eventually died out. The rise in canceling souvenir cards may have been helped by these relics of the Bicentennial era. BIBLIOGRAPHY Vero, Andrew J. Price Guide For Bicentennial $2 Bill Cancellations, Annapolis, Maryland: B$2C Adventures (1980). PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 373 Work Done for ABNCo by James D. Smillie from 1858-1879 Concluded Compiled by Gene Hessler and Mark Tomasko Continued from Paper Money September/October 2001, page 315 Camping on the Pampas, #618 No. Title Artist Engraver(s) 618 Camping on the Pampas JDS J. Smillie Bond: Butte & Boston Mining Co. 1897. Bank note: Argentina, Banco de la Prov. De Buenos Aires, unknown denomination. 62 2 Bull, Buenos Ayres JDS (J.) Smillie Bank note: Argentina 5 pesos, PS482 and Hawaii $100, P15 eng. by James Smillie.) 62 5 Pampas Horse JDS JDS Bank notes: Argentina 10 pesos, PS485 & 2 pesos, PS536. Bond: Chile, Banco Agricola 1888. Saladero, #630 630 Saladero JDS (J.) Smillie Bank note: Argentina 500 pesos, PS497. 631 Gaucho with Guitar JDS C. Burt Bank note: Argentina 50 pesos, PS488-490. 633 Arkansas Arms JDS J. Smillie Bond: Little Rock RR 1883; Stock certificate: Little Rock, Mississippi River & Texas Rwy 1881. 635 [Sheep's Head] JDS J. Smillie 641 Sheep under the Onibu JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Argentina 5 pesos, PS1916, and Brazil 100 mil reis, PS553. 645 Sheep under the Oak JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Mexico 20 pesos, PS129. Stock certificate: United States Worsted Co. 374 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY No. Title Artist Engraver(s) 658 Arms of Iowa JDS H.L. Chorlton Bonds: CBQ R 1881; Col. Fuel Co. 1889. Stock certificate: Buchtel Iron Co. 1880. 659 Depot JDS J. Smillie Bond & stock certificate: Lake Shore & M.S. Rwy Co. 1879; 1880 (stock certificate). 660 Mount Hood JDS J. Smillie Bond: Northern Pacific Rwy ca. 1870 and later. (This became their standard vignette.) 665 Steam, Infancy & Progress JDS J. Smillie [Emblem: ships, sailing and steam, and train] 673 Golden Gate JDS (J.) Smillie Bonds: California Redwood Co. 1883; Market Street Cable Rwy 1883. Stock certificate: Emporium Corp. 1926. 677 Arms of Mississippi j DS (J.) Smillie 679 Lowell Water Works JDS J. Smillie Bond: City of Lowell. The New Depot, #682 682 The New Depot JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Banco Nacional del Paraguay 200 pesos (back), PS152. Bonds: numerous railroads including Union Terminal Rwy Co. of the City of Buffalo, 1884. 684 Locomotive unknown JDS Bank notes: Banco Mejicano 1 peso, PS146; Banco Nacional de Mexico 1 peso, PS255. Bonds & stock certificates: numerous railroads including Michigan Central RR registered and coupon bond 1881. 688 Arms of Kansas JDS J. Smillie Bonds: Atchison, Colorado & Pacific 1879; Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rwy 1880. 691 Union Dime Savings Bank N.Y. JDS J. Bannister 692 Arms of Colorado JDS JDS Bond: Moose Mining Co. 1880. Stock certificate: Adams Mining Co. 1883. 693 Banco Trujillo [Peru Arms] JDS R. Hinshelwood Bank note: Peru 1 sol, PS402 & PS414. 694 Arms of Ecuador JDS JDS Bank notes: Banco del Ecuador 1883, 100 pesos, PS195A. Bond: Banco de Credito Hipotecario 1882. Bill of exchange: Banco de Quito 1879. 700 [Railroad] JDS JDS Bonds: 1884: Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Rwy; Chicago, Freeport & St. Paul Rwy; Litchfield, Carrolton & Western RR. 704 [City of Boston Arms] JDS J. Smillie 706 Banco Franco Platense [Uruguay arms] unknown (JDS) Bank notes: Uruguay 10 & 20 pesos, PS172 & 173. PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 375 No. Title Artist Engraver(s) 707 West Virginia Arms JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. Coupon bonds: West Virginia & Central Pittsburgh Rwy 1881; General Refractories Co. 1916. Stock certificates: West Virginia & Central Pittsburgh Rwy 1881; Chesapeake & Ohio RR 1885; Cook Inlet Coal Fields Co. 709 Argentine Republic [arms] JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. Stock certificate: Banco Nacional 1881. 710 Progress JDS J. Smillie (Two Indians on hill looking down at train.) Coupon bonds: Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rwy Co. 1880; Denver Rio Grande Western Rwy Co. 1881; Kansas Pacific Rwy Co. 1879, and many other bonds and stock certificates. 717 [Water Carrier] JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Peru 5 soles, PS313. 72 U77. Sol - Peru JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. 725 The Little joker JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. U.S. Postal Panel: for the Christmas stamp The Hobby Horse 18 Oct. 1978. 726 Illimani [mountain scene] JDS J. Smillie 728 Valparaiso JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. Coupon bond: Chile Municipalidad de Valaparaiso 1879. 730 Mule Train No. 2 JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Colombia 50 pesos, PS387. Stock certificate: Bushwacker Mining Co. 1891. 731 Atlanta St. Raiul Road JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. Ticket: Compania Urbana Parense 1892. 733 Arms of Valparaiso JDS G.J. Verbeck, Sr. Coupon bond: Chile, Municipilidad de Valparaiso 1879. 735 [Medallion] JDS J. Smillie Cincinnati Industrial Exposition Award 1872 (8 April 1872 in diary). 755 Lassoing Cattle No. 2 JDS L. Delnoce Bank note: Hawaiian Islands $10, Pl. 777 South American Ostrich Hunting JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Argentina 104, P6, Argentina, Banco Provincia de Santa Fe 10 pesos, PS816. 780 Locomotive JDS J. Smillie Coupon bonds 1882: Burlington & Ohio River Rwy 1882; Chicago & Northwestern Rwy. Stock certificate: Chicago, Burlington & Quincy RR 1883. (Numerous uses of this subject.) 784 [FNB of NY trademark] JDS J. Smillie 788 Trademark [FNB NY] JDS J. Smillie 792 Salina, Kansas JDS (from photo) J. Smillie Draft: John Geis & Co. 796 Florida Arms JDS J. Smillie 799 Llama Train No. 4 JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Argentina, Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires1886 (probably PS561). 800 Arms of Prov. of Santa Fe JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Banco de la Provincial de Santa Fe 1882 (probably PS826-835). 801 Reaper in S.A. JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Nicaragua 5 pesos, PS108 802 [Steam thresher] JDS H. Beckwith 808 [Eagle on Shield] JDS J. Smillie 810 Gaucho Lassoing (JDS) J. Smillie & W.W. Rice Bank note: Argentina 500 pesos, PS544. November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY376 City of Tokio PMSS Co., #812 No. Tide Artist Engraver(s) 812 City of Tokio PMSS Co. (Steamship) JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Argentina 200 pesos, PS510 & PS543. Stock certificate: Pacific Mail Steamship Co. 1879. Coupon bond: Tehauntepec Inter-Ocean RR Co. 1880. 813 Arms of Alabama JDS J. Smillie Coupon bond: State of Alabama 1880; East & West RR 1882; City of Mobile 1880. Stock certificate: Georgia Pacific Rwy Co. 1882. 817 Montevideo [tanning hides] JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Uruguay 20 pesos, PA105. 826 Buckeye Reaper JDS J. Smillie Coupon bond: Atchison, Colorado & Pacific Rwy 1879; NY, Lackawanna West Rwy 1880. Stock certificate: Great Northern Rwy 1929. 828 Bacchus JDS F. Girsch Bank note: Colombia 100 pesos, P218; Mexico 50 pesos, PS158. (See 29 June 1875) 833 [Horse's head] JDS J. Smillie Coupon bond: Cleveland, Belt Line Rwy Co. 1890; California Fruit, Grain & Grazing Co. 1892. 849 Condor - Chile JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Bolivia 1 bol., PS205; Colombia 1, 5, 1() & 20 pesos, PS521-525; Chile 10 & 20 pesos, PS334 & PS335. Coupon bond: Oregon Rwy & Navigation Co. 1880. 852 Large Condor JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Banco Nacional de Chile 1882; Colombia 50 pesos, PS585. 853 [Arms of Chile] JDS G.F.C. Smillie 855 Illimani No. 2 JDS J. Smillie Bank note: Bolivia 100 bol., PS204. The Harbor, #859 859 The Harbor [RR scene] JDS J. Smillie Coupon bond: Atlantic & Pacific RR Co. 1886; Central Pacific RR Co.; Chesapeake, Ohio & Southwestern RR 1881 and others. 878 Bottom of the Shaft JDS Smillie Bonds: Cahaba Coal Mining Co. 1884; Cameron Coal Co. 1883; Chicago & Northern Rwy Co. 1881; Spring Valley Coal Co. 1885. 'SOVEREIGN" , IVIYLAR. SLEEVES & ENVELOPES Just one Catalog. of the categories in the Archivalware 40 full color pages of Archival Collectibles Storage and Exhibition products. Send for your free copy & receive sam- ples of our 4 mil Mylar Currency Envelopes. Sovereign- Currency Storage - Request your free Catalog Tel: 1.800.628. 1912 Fax: 1.800.532. 9281 E-mail: PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 377 Acknowledgement Appreciation is extended to Brucia Witthoft, PhD, Mark D. Tomasko for providing numerous illustrations, Walter Allan, and to William Barrett for providing photos from the ABNCo presentation book to Alexander, II, Emperor of Russia. Sources: American Bank Note Archive Series. American Bank Note Co. Commemoratives: Huntington, NY (1988, 1990, 1992). American Bank Note Company engraving records. American Bank Note Company Presentation Book to Imperial Majesty Alexander II, Emperor of Russia, New York (1860). (Note: This book is in the Hermitage in Moscow.) Hessler, G. "Note-ables," Coin World. Amos Press: Sidney, OH (1999). Hessler, G. The Engraver's Line. Port Clinton, OH: BNR Press (1993). Morris, T.F. "James Smillie, the Pictorial Engraver," The Essay-Proof Journal, Nos. 2, 4 & 5. The Essay-Proof Society (1944 & 1945). Pick. A. Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, Vols. 1 and 2. Iola, WI: Krause Pub. (1995, 1996). Schneider, R. "The Career of James David Smillie," American Art Journal. Vol. XVI. Archives of American Art: Washington, DC. (Winter, 1984). Smedley, G.B. "The Smillie Family: American Engravers and Painters," The Numismatist, (July 1958) pp. 771-780. Smillie, J.D., Diaries of. Archives of American Art: Washington, DC. (1865-1909). Witthoft, G. "The Story of James Smillie's Engraving after Albert Bierstadt's The Rocky Mountain," The American Art Journal, Vol. XIX, No. 2, (1987). MACERATED MONEY Wanted information on U.S. Chopped up Money. Who made the items, where sold, and anything of interest. Also I am a buyer of these items. Top Prices paid. Bertram M. Cohen, 169 Marlborough St., Boston, MA 02116-1830 E-mail: Marblebert@aolcom i -' i i I- 10 _ ! , i c ' ,`', I. ; T' _ r^ . l',.‘ -' r ,. ,_ ;- — m ,1= - 1— ,; 1 1 i i ‘ I!al 1 4 1 ,, ' I , i 1 . rd, --1 ' I ' ...,.. _V , 1 ,;.1 1 rA_ ,..., I v,_,i ,,,,.. -, , i 1 11'Ilia la .ili f, Oh 2,il zIN t iltllt lip halall! i., '', .,,,., I. I I-ii a li 10' i i.1`) 1, ,r d --' 11 lill 1 g1 I — . ' '-` i . 1 q -: i ru,..; ° ' '11 ',L1 .:1 I i I 1 , , il ' , `2I g r'i °, `. ',-, i ; Pi gali 1 I ii 1 II 1lii ' .1 1 } lt1l1.111,1,,,.. „ as' - ° !.' „ _ , I 1 ,”- ',A-' ' i i , 1 il i a ; i ' o l , I 1 II ° ° ° 'c0--- .,o 0 13 r_ - - e'c''P — I I I c, ii till I / z.1 3 i, li a1, 1i i t i 1 lailall "hnnil i ii li bi t il illill , iiiiih 11 H. id 6 1° . . i, 1 1 _1 1 i ■ OrN ; ! girt i i I i i_1 elo li i 2 , . i ;; i . g r! 1 1 1 - i C 4.10 I ; li I" i ; I i ; l i A i ,- 1 . 1Z .s13.1 11 .1 _ I Licarasm III ® ctl ONE II,VVAD LE TO 'nit: BLARERO DEMAND IN SILVER PESOS OR IN LEGAL TENDER CURRENCY OF To E UNITED STATES OF EQUIVALENT VALUE F06495162., otimatiertri " 378 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY Every Short Snorter Has Its Own Tale(s) to Tell By Colonel Bill Murray TAM ALWAYS INTERESTED IN REFERENCESto Short Snorters. Mine, long lost and sadly so, con- tained only three notes, but some interesting signatures. The exact date of its inception, I'm unsure, but it was in late 1942, early 1943. I was a passenger on board a Gooney Bird from Milne Bay, British New Guinea to Port Moresby. When we landed, I had to await trans- portation and was taken by the crew (pilot and co-pilot) to an officers' club near the strip. They asked if I had my Short Snorter. I not only did not have it, I didn't know what they were talking about. They then proceeded to tell me that you were "authorized" one (maybe not their exact words, but close) when you had crossed an ocean in an Army aircraft, and if you didn't have yours to show, you bought a round of drinks. I said,"I haven't crossed an ocean in an aircaft," and they responded, "You just did. Order up." I did not think following the coast of the Coral Sea off new Guinea for 200 miles or so constituted "crossing an ocean," but I was a ground pounder in their club, so I ordered up. Since then, I have seen and heard many rea- sons for joining the the "Short Snorter" fraterni- ty. However, I am convinced the real reason behind all of the various stories, is purely and simply a desire to generate free drinks and espirit. My first bill, as is often the case was a $1 U.S. That was shortly followed by a 10 shilling Australian note, and then a Dutch New Guinea, 1 guilder. Oddly enough that was the end of my Short Snorter. What happened to it I don't know, but the signatures included General Douglas MacArthur, who signed it at a confer- ence I attended, and Dick Bong, the first American Ace to exceed Rickenbacker's aircraft kills. Bong ended up with 40 kills of Japanese aircraft before they took him out of combat for his protection only for him to die in the U. S, test flying a P-80. By Larry "Ski" Smulczenski THAVE LOOKED AT THOUSANDS OF SHORT snorter notes over the years, and the number of names that I could identify could be counted on my fin- gers. Yes, I have seen some notes in auction catalogs that have been signed by famous people like President Franklin Roosevelt or General Dwight Eisenhower or General George Patton. I even own one that was sold to me by good friend R. A. Medina, a 1929 1 peso note from the Philippines that it signed by C. L. Chennault of Flying Tiger fame and three other military officers. Were these others members of the famed Flying Tigers? Or since it was a Philippine note could it have been created by an aircrew flying Chennault from China to the Philippines to meet with MacArthur? If only the note could tell its story! Many of the names that you recognize on notes are entertainers who performed during USO shows for the troops. Probably the person who autographed the largest number of short snorters was the famous come- dian Joe E. Brown. You can frequently find his name on a note with some female names who were probably part of the touring entourage. One of the most interesting notes I've seen is owned by Mike Payton who wrote an article about the note for the IBNS Journal. It was signed by the crew of the gunboat Panay sunk by the Japanese on the Yangtze River. But without a doubt the "King of Short Snorter Rolls" was owned by Grover Criswell. I saw this thing when Fred Schwan and I visited Grover at his home a half dozen years or so ago. I think Grover told us he bought it out of a New York auction held by Stack's. It was tightly rolled and had to be somewhere between 12 and 15 inches in diameter. The total number of notes slips my mind, but it had to be 400 to 500 notes with a length up to 200 feet long. I spent about three hours looking for notable signa- tures on the notes. The only one that I recognized was Joe Kennedy, who was the older brother of President John F. Kennedy. I wonder what happened to that roll? Was it sold before Grover died, or did it go into the estate? WORLD PAPER MONEY specialized in Poland, Russia & E.Europe ATS notes Free Price List Torn Sluszkiewicz P.O.Box 54521, Middlegate Postal BURNABY, B.C., CANADA, V5E 4J6 Nobody pays more than Huntoon for ARIZONA & WYOMING state and territorial Nationals Peter Huntoon P.O. Box 60850 Boulder City, NV 89006 702-294-4143 Or It 0 4cs' ''Areirk , urihrth T.allar5 deb ark. PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 379 PAPER MONEY will accept classified advertising — from members only — on a basis of 15c per word (minimum charge of $3.75). Ad must be non-commercial in nature. Word count: Name and address count as five words. All other words and abbreviations, figure combinations and initials count as separate words. No check copies. 10% discount for four or more insertions of the same copy. Authors are also offered a free three-line classified ad in recognition of their contribution to the Society. These ads are denoted by (A) and are run on a space available basis. TRADE OR SELL $5 CH UNC 1929 National 906 Lexington, KY Type 2 for your UNC National. Write Robert Marshall, 87 Jane Dr., St. Peters, MO 63376 (216) CIVIL WAR ENCASED STAMPS rare ©1994 limited 1st edition, unbound folios, antique oversize paper, autographed. Only $169. Fred Reed, POB 118162, Carrollton, TX 7501 1-8 162 (216) HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA PAPER WANTED: Nationals, obso- letes, merchant scrip, checks, postcards, etc. Bob Cochran, Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031. Life Member SPMC. (218) PAPER MONEY BACK ISSUES WANTED: #I24 (July/Aug 1986) through #150 (Nov/Dec 1990). Bob Cochran, Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031. Life Member SPMC. (218) BANK/BANKING HISTORIES WANTED: 1 collect, sell and trade bank histories. Whatcha got? Whatcha need? Bob Cochran, Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031. Life Member SPMC. (218) RUSSIAN AND WORLD BANK NOTES, Paper Collectibles and Coins. Michael Haritonov, P.O. Box 1436, 40020 Sumy, Ukraine. SPMC member. (218) HELP A FELLOW COLLECTOR. I only need two issues of Paper Money to complete my set (#133 J/F 1988 & #195 M/J 1998). If you can help, please contact Fred Reed, e -mail: (A) HELP ME TURN UP THESE NOTES. NB of Commerce of Dallas #3985 ($5, $10 T2), and North Texas NB in Dallas #12736 ($10, $20 T1). Frank Clark, POB 117060, Carrollton, TX 75011-7060 (A) SERIOUS COLLECTOR SEEKS Evansville, IN banking items, esp. most large size nationals, post cards and collateral items. Thanks. Dave Grant, 1229 Red Oak Plantation, Ballwin MO 63021 (A) A HISTORY OF BERMUDA & ITS PAPER MONEY (2nd ed.). Completely revised, hardound, 224 pages. Underpriced at $69 post- paid. Nelson Page Aspen, 420 Owen Rd, West Chester, PA 19380 (A) Don't forget Paper Money Authors Receive a FREE 3-line word ad EASTMAICIl Business College Currency For Sale • Great Notes Still Remain! • Chance of a lifetime • List $3 or free via e-mail 259 Notes, including 113 UNL, 103 R-7 250+ checks, stocks, stamps, etc. Counterfeit detectors, scrapbooks, stereoviews, 3 CWT (NY760A-1 d CN R-7) Items to be illustrated in forthcoming series/book Fred Reed P.O. Box 118162 Carrollton, TX 75011-8162 e-mail: freed3@airmail.netL 380 November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 • PAPER MONEY An Index to Paper Money Volume 40, 2001 / Numbers 2 ; 11-216 Compiled by George B. Tremmel Yr. Vol. No. Pg. 40TH ANNIVERSARY ISSUE ARTICLES. #I3 Was Lucky for Harry, Harry Forman, illus. 01 40 211 144 $120 to Baldy, $140 to Bushy, $120 to Baldy, Tom Denly, illus. 01 40 211 153 1985: SPMC Sponsors Cherry Hill Show, Bill Horton, illus. 01 40 211 58 A New Word For Our Fraternity, Gene Hessler. 01 40 211 86 A Society Tradition, Tom Bain Raffle Raises Funds and Fun, Wendell Wolka, illus. 01 40 211 42 A Trial Listing: Catalog of SPMC Memorabilia, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 107 ABN Co. Provides SPMC Members With Unique ID Cards, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 30 BEP Visit Led to Lifelong Paper Money Affair, Nathan Goldstein II, illus. 01 40 211 155 Bill Donlon Was Memorable, Charles Kemp 01 40 211 158 Congratulations SPMC, James N. Treadaway 01 40 211 136 Dealers With Whom I Have Dealt, Dewitt G. Prather, illus. 01 40 211 146 Did You Hear the One About the Traveling Salesman from Iowa?, Ron Horstman, illus. 01 40 211 153 Directories Controversial 01 40 211 87 Earlier Days of Collecting: Personalities and Occurrences, Neil Shafer, illus. 01 40 211 89 Happy Anniversary SPMC, David M. Sundman 1)1 40 211 136 History in Your Hand, John T. Hickman 01 40 211 152 How I Was Inspired to Seek to Put the Motto IGWT on Our Currency, Matt Rothert, Sr., illus. 01 40 211 140 How the First Five SPMC Member #s Were Assigned, George W. Wait 01 40 211 8 How the SPMC Logo Came to Be, Brent Hughes, illus. 01 40 211 18 How the SPMC Logo Came to Be, Forrest Daniel, illus. 01 40 211 18 John Hickman Knew 'Itch Would Return', Tom Snyder 01 40 211 152 Just Who was D.C. Wismer Anyway?, Ted Hammer 01 40 211 50 Let's See What Hessler Says, David Ray Arnold 01 40 211 86 Let's Take the Time to Record Some of These Happenings, Roman L. Latimer, illus. 01 40 211 135 Longs to Make It to Memphis, Ralph Osborn, illus. 01 40 211 144 Longtime SPMC Members Share Their Recollections, Joe Lasser, I loward Schein, Robert Hendershott, Milton Friedberg, & Warren Henderson. 01 40 211 147 Magazine Brings Back Memories to Former Editor, Barbara Mueller 01 40 211 158 Many Early SPMC Members Still Active in Hobby and Society. 01 40 211 11 Membership Milestones 01 40 211 15 Our Membership: Who Were We? Who Are We Now?, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 34 Paper Money Salutes Longtime Advertisers 01 40 211 72 President's Column: Welcome to SPMC's 40th Year 1961-2001, Frank Clark 01 40 211 3 Remembering Early Paper Money Collectors I Knew, Robert H. Lloyd, illus. 01 40 211 134 Remembering 'Mr. In God We Trust': Matt Rothert, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 138 Remembering the International Branch of the SPMC Tree, Peter Robin, illus. 01 40 211 136 Reminiscences Are Sweet for Many SPMC Vets, Gary Hacker, Gene Hessler, John Glynn, & Q. David Bowers. 01 40 211 151 Sends His Regards, Jeffery L. Goodall 01 40 211 92 Society Awards Have Taken a Number of Forms Over the Years, David D. Gladfelter, illus. 01 40 211 102 Society Honors Authors, Exhibitors, Recruiters and Workers, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 98 Society Magazine Paper Money Thrives for Four Decades, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 38 Society of Paper Money Collectors Celebrates 40 Years of Collecting/ Camaraderie, Bob Cochran, illus. 01 40 211 5 Some Reflections on SPMC and Paper Money Collecting, Larry Adams, illus. 01 40 211 148 Yr. Vol. No. Pg. Some Society Officers Chalked Up Lengthy Service 01 40 211 91 SPMC & TAMS Share STM & OPMC Heritage, Medal, Dr. George Fuld, illus. 01 40 211 10 SPMC Award Winners and Honorees, 1961-2001, Bob Cochran, Gene Hessler, George Tremmel & Fred Reed III. 01 40 211 94 SPMC Helped Him Start Out, and Other Remembrances, Harry Jones, Bruno Rzepka, John A. Parker & Robert C. Wagner 01 40 211 142 SPMC Memories: Reminiscences of Some Ragpickers, Wayne Homren, Frank Clark and Dennis Forgue. 01 40 211 154 SPMC Officers, Project Chairmen, Award Winners, 1961-2001 Bob Cochran, Gene Hessler & Fred L. Reed Hi. 01 40 211 103 SPMC Officers, 1961-2001, Bob Cochran 01 40 211 88 SPMC Privately Issued Souvenir Card, Mike Bean 01 40 211 130 SPMC Publishing Efforts Span 34 Years, 20 Books, Bob Cochran, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 50 SPMC Salutes Longtime Members. 01 40 211 82 SPMC Service Has Its Grins, C. John Ferreri 01 40 211 106 SPMC Supplied Me Info, Lloyd Deierling 01 40 211 152 SPMC Thanks Our Sponsors and Patrons 01 40 211 4 Thanks for All the Memories & the Education, Fred L. Reed III, illus. 01 40 211 156 Thanks to All the Members, Donald L. Benson 01 40 211 106 That's The Way It Was, Hank Bieciuk 01 40 211 8 The Big Spender, Peter Huntoon, illus. 01 40 211 143 The Early Days of SPMC, Forrest W Daniel. 01 40 211 150 The Olden Days of Paper Money Collecting, Steve Whitfield. 01 40 211 134 Three Year SPMC Statement of Operations, Mark Anderson, SPMC Treasurer 01 40 211 132 Top Recruiters One Key to Society Growth 01 40 211 35 Tucked Away Brown Back Is One of Life's Prizes, Robert R Andrews. 01 40 211 89 University Stint Led to Lifelong Affection for Things U.S, Harold Don Allen, illus. 01 40 211 150 Adams, Larry. Some Reflections on SPMC and Paper Money Collecting, illus. 01 40 211 148 Allen, Harold Don. Canadian Journey Notes Launch a New Century, illus. 01 40 215 338 University Stint Led to Lifelong Affection for Things U.S, illus. 01 40 211 150 Anderson, Mark., SPMC Treasurer. Three Year SPMC Statement of Operations 01 40 211 132 Andrews, Robert R. Tucked Away Brown Back Is One of Life's Prizes. 01 40 211 89 Arnold, David Ray. Let's See What Hessler Says 01 40 211 86 Aspen, Nelson Page. There Can Be Beauty, illus. 01 40 215 315 BANKS AND BANKERS. Bank Counter Robber, Bob Cochran 01 40 214 247 His Distinguishing Mark, Bob Cochran 01 40 212 186 John Ohlmsted, Bob Cochran, illus. 01 40 212 186 National Bank of Commerce in St. Louis Bob Cochran 01 40 214 247 Posted Poem Recites Seven Ages of a Banker, Frank Clark, illus. 01 40 214 250 Sign Check with Thumb, Bob Cochran 01 40 214 247 The Accommodations Bank, Bob Cochran 01 40 214 247 When Extremes Meet, Bob Cochran, illus. 01 40 214 247 Barrett. L. S. & Gene Hessler. A Gift Fit for a Czar: An ABNCo Presentation Book, illus. 01 40 215 319 Bean, Mike. SPMC Privately Issued Souvenir Card, illus. 01 40 211 130 Benson, Donald L. Thanks to All the Members 01 40 211 106 Bieciuk, Hank. That's The Way It Was 01 40 211 8 Boling, Joseph. More Thoughts on Short Snorters, illus. 01 40 216 394 Brase, David A., Ph.D. Predicting the Possible Existence of Unreported National Currency, illus. 01 40 212 180 CHECKS. A Singular Specimen: Emergency Currency of 1907, Ron Horstman, illus. 01 40 214 267 Clark, Frank. About Texas Mostly: A Low Numbered Pair, illus. 01 40 212 184 • Replacement value. We use expert/ professional help valuing collectible losses. Consumer friendly service: Our office handles your loss—you won't deal with a big insurer who doesn't know col- lectibles. • Detailed inventory and/or professional appraisal not required. Collectors list items over $5,000, dealers no listing required. Collectibles Insurance Agency P.O. Box 1200-PMC • Westminster MD 21158 E-Mail: ti See our online application and rate quote forms on our website! PAPER MONEY • November/December 2001 • Whole No. 216 381 J&F Rubenstein Buying and Selling the Finest U.S Currency Uncut Sheets Nationals - Large and Small Type Notes Fancy Serial Numbers Error Notes Auction Representation Consignments Accepted Actively Buying Collections Want Lists Serviced See us at all the major shows Members PCDA, FUN, ANA, ANS P.O. Box 960386 Miami, FL 33296-0386 Telephone: (305) 388-7187 Fax: (305) 383-8422 E-mail: Collectibles 100100S0E411;s,,I kki4011,. . INSURANCE For The PaperMoney Collector -.4 Your homeowners insurance is rarely enough to cover your collectibles. We've provided economical, dependable collectibles insurance since 1966. .,,rovitts1--- rikein-4tflastv i