Paper Money - Vol. XLVIII, No. 3 - Whole No. 261 - May - June 2009

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a Arr.: 1,0Kro1Tii) s 004SanattrA VOL. XL VIII, No. 3, WHOLE No. 261 THE LIGHT OF LIBERTY PAPER M OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF PAPER MON COLLECTORS THIS CERTIFIES TRAT TREAT NAVE • IINR •• •,...- RNCTIRMR „ 41-'27723'.,:;*-14 as D711550:- W 11,11,11: •RNED TRW. 77.1.,110111111CMI ••NIT RR 8: l';:if-/ ,, ■, --c-, iZ../e.4:, -i AT AIo 1011o xiTiglftevy 603 ED 4,441MEMEMek viola, N 41.1.tuuNtair ......tgam t■ t. mart .‘tt .) ''''',it, ' ' ' TI 411 2 ft t_m_w_o_..,.-- N. ,Z. J ti.t. CA-- (6- /ett 6 , .........k.iiiiiammert_.. w •WWINNIT11911( 111.1111MIAZ‘. IIMM" .1DOCIOLJGOILIIENA • SNICRAISRAZ SiTTLITIMSR IMSTIPLINS1 fSji DOLLARS K 56.?. JOIN US AT MEMPHIS AMERICA'S PREMIER PAPER MONEY AUCTION e are proud to announce that we are the Official Auctioneer of the 33rd Annual International Paper Money Show. For over 30 years Memphis has attracted thousands of collectors and dealers from the U.S. and abroad, and has become America's premier auction venue for the very best in paper money and stocks and bonds. Also join us in Memphis as we conclude our 18th and final Herb and Martha Schingoethe Collection of Obsolete Currency Sale! We were deeply honored to have been selected as the auctioneer of this groundbreaking collection. This final concluding Sale in Memphis will not disappoint as we focus our attention on the Southern and Midwestern States, including Tennesse and Texas. We hope to see you there! ORDER YOUR CATALOG TODAY! Spink Smythe spares no expense in producing the finest quality all-color catalogs. To order your catalog please contact us at 800-622-1880 or at info@spinksmythe.com . For more information or to consign to an upcoming auction please contact Jim Fitzgerald (JFitzgerald@SpinkSmythe.com), Harvey Gamer (HGamer@SpinkSmythe.com ), Matt Orsini (MOrsini@SpinkSmythe.com ), Caleb Esterline (CEsterline@SpinkSmythe.com), or Barnaby Faull (BFaull@Spink.com ). JUNE 26-28, 2009 MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE SPINK FOUNDED 1666 OFFICIAL AUCTIONEER www.spinksmythe.com E00000001 A NEW YORK 145 W 57th St., 18 Fl. NY, NY 10019 DALLAS 3100 Monticello Ave., Ste. 925, Dallas, TX 75205 info@spinksmythe.com 800.622.1880 Tracy Shreve, Auctioneer, Texas License #9399. TERMS AND CONDITIONS PAPER MONEY (USPS 00-3162) is published every other month beginning in January by the Society of Paper Money Collectors (SPMC), 92 Andover Road, Jackson, NJ 08527. Periodical postage is paid at Dover, DE 19901. Postmaster send address changes to Secretary Jamie Yakes, P.O. Box 1203, Jackson, NJ 08527. CO Society of Paper Money Collectors, Inc., 2009. All rights reserved. Reproduction of any article, in whole or part, without written permission, is prohibited. Individual copies of this issue of PAPER MONEY are available from the Secretary for 56 postpaid. Send changes of address, inquiries concerning non-delivery. and requests for additional copies of this issue to the Secretary. MANUSCRIPTS Manuscripts not under consideration elsewhere and publications for review should be sent to the Editor. Accepted manuscripts will be published as soon as possible: however, publication in a specific issue can- not be guaranteed. Include an SASE for acknowledg- ment, if desired. Opinions expressed by authors do not necessarily reflect those of the SPMC. Manuscripts should be typed (one side of paper only), double-spaced with at least 1-inch margins. The author's name, address and telephone number should appear on the first page. Authors should retain a copy for their records. Authors are encouraged to submit a copy on a MAC CD, identified with the name and ver- sion of software used. A double-spaced printout must accompany the CD. Authors may also transmit articles via e-mail to the Editor at the SPMC web site (fred@spmc.org). Original illustrations are preferred but do not send items of value requiring Certified, Insured or Registered Mail. Write or e-mail ahead for special instructions. Scans should be grayscale or color at 300 dpi. Jpegs are preferred. ADVERTISING •All advertising accepted on space available basis •Copy/correspondence should be sent to Editor •All advertising is payable in advance •Ads are accepted on a "Good Faith" basis •Terms are "Until Forbid" •Ads are Run of Press (ROP) unless accepted on premium contract basis •Limited premium space/rates available To keep rates at a minimum, all advertising must be prepaid according to the schedule below. In exceptional cases where special artwork or additional production is required, the advertiser will be notified and billed accordingly. Rates are not commissionable; proofs are not supplied. SPMC does not endorse any company, dealer or auction house. Advertising Deadline: Subject to space availability copy must be received by the Editor no later than the first day of the month preceding the cover date of the issue (for example, Feb. 1 for the March/April issue). Camera-ready copy, or electronic ads in pdf format, or in Quark Express on a MAC CD with fonts supplied are acceptable. ADVERTISING RATES Space 1 time 3 times 6 times Full Color covers 51500 S2600 $4900 B&W covers 500 1400 2500 Full page Color 500 1500 3000 Full page B&W 360 1000 1800 Half page B&W 180 500 900 Quarter page 8&W 90 250 450 Eighth page B&W 45 125 225 Requirements: Full page. 42 x 57 picas: half-page may be either vertical or horizontal in format. Single-column width. 20 picas. Except covers. page position may be requested, but not guaranteed. All screens should be 150 line or 300 dpi. Advertising copy shall be restricted to paper currency, allied numismatic material, publications, and related accessories. The SPMC does not guarantee advertise- ments, but accepts copy in good faith, reserving the right to reject objectionable material or edit copy. SPMC assumes no financial responsibility for typo- graphical errors in ads, but agrees to reprint that por- tion of an ad in which a typographical error occurs upon prompt notification. Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 161 Paper Money Official Bimonthly Publication of The Society of Paper Money Collectors, Inc. Vol. XLVIII. No. 3 Whole No. 261 May/April 2009 ISSN 0031-1162 FRED L. REED III, Editor, P.O. Box 793941, Dallas. TX 75379 Visit the SPMC web site: www.spmc.org F EATURES The Paper Column: Series 1929 Federal Reserve Bank Notes 163 By Peter Huntoon Nacogdoches Real Estate Deposit and Exchange Co. 173 By Elmer C. Powell Jr. Western and Atlantic Rail Road Scrip 175 By Dennis Schafluetzel Notes from North of the Border: Look Here, Here's Some Far Out Items 188 By Harold Don Allen America's First Securities Markets 194 By Richard Sylla, Jack W. Wilson and Robert E. Wright The Buck Starts Here: "Jim the Penman" drew fakes 198 By Gene Hessler Mount Hope, New Jersey, Scrip By the Book 200 By David D. Gladfelter On This Date in Paper Money History 207. 209 By Fred Reed Abount Nationals Mostly: Vice President Notes of Fairmont, WV 218 By Frank Clark Caroline B. Drake and Nannie M. Mabry, National Bank Presidents 219 By Karl Sanford Kabelac The Light of Liberty 224 By the BEP Historical Resource Center Staff SOCIETY NEWS Information and Officers 162 Former Paper Money Editor Gene Hessler pens autobiography 172 Krause releases third edition of Bart error note guide 191 Authors announce new book on Confederate certificates 193 Death claims pioneer small size note enthusiast Nate Goldstein 214 President's Column 216 By Benny Bolin Money Mart 217 2009 SPMC Awards Breakfast announcement 217 New Members 222 Bradford/Kessler head PCGS Currency buy out 223 Four selected for SPMC board posts 236 Tennessee scrip project wins 9th Wait Award 237 What's on Steve's Mind Today? 238 By Steve Whitfield The Editor's Notebook 238 SIP• • •• •• 162 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Society of Paper Money Collectors The Society of Paper Money Collectors was organized in 1961 and incorporated in 1964 as a non-profit organization under the laws of the District of Columbia. It is affiliated with the ANA. The annual SPMC meeting is held in June at the Memphis International Paper Money Show. Up-to-date information about the SPMC, including its bylaws and activities can be found on its web site www.spmc.org . SPMC does not endorse any company, dealer, or auction house. MEMBERSHIP—REGULAR and LIFE. Applicants must be at least 18 years of age and of good moral character. Members of the ANA or other recognized numismatic societies are eligible for membership; other applicants should be sponsored by an SPMC member or provide suitable references. MEMBERSHIP—JUNIOR. Applicants for Junior membership must be from 12 to 18 years of age and of good moral character. Their application must be signed by a parent or guardian. Junior membership numbers will be preced- ed by the letter -j," which will be removed upon notification to the Secretary that the member has reached 18 years of age. Junior members are not eligi- ble to hold office or vote. DUES—Annual dues are $30. Members in Canada and Mexico should add $5 to cover postage; members throughout the rest of the world add $10. Life membership — payable in installments within one year is $600, $700 for Canada and Mexico, and $800 elsewhere. The Society has dispensed with issuing annual membership cards, but paid up members may obtain one from the Secretary for an SASE (self-addressed, stamped envelope). Members who join the Society prior to October 1 receive the magazines already issued in the year in which they join as available. Members who join after October 1 will have their dues paid through December of the following year; they also receive, as a bonus, a copy of the magazine issued in November of the year in which they joined. Dues renewals appear in a fall issue of Paper Money. Checks should be sent to the Society Secretary. SOC1 Fn . OF PAPER MONEY COLLECIORS INC, r. . OFFICERS ELECTED OFFICERS: PRESIDENT Benny Bolin, 5510 Bolin Rd., Allen, TX 75002 VICE-PRESIDENT Mark Anderson. 115 Congress St., Brooklyn, NY 11201 SECRETARY Jamie Yakes, P.O. Box 1203. Jackson, NJ 08527 TREASURER Bob Moon, 104 Chipping Court, Greenwood, SC 29649 BOARD OF GOVERNORS: Mark Anderson, 115 Congress St.. Brooklyn, NY 11201 Benny J. Bolin, 5510 Bolin Rd., Allen, TX 75002 Bob Cochran, P.O. Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031 Pierre Fricke. Box 52514. Atlanta, GA 30355 Matt Janzen, 3601 Page Drive Apt. 1, Plover, WI 54467 Robert J. Kravitz, P.O. Box 6099, Chesterfield, MO 63006 Judith Murphy. P.O. Box 24056, Winston-Salem, NC 27114 Fred L. Reed III, P.O. Box 793941, Dallas, TX 75379-3941 Neil Shafer, Box 17138, Milwaukee, WI 53217 Robert Vandevender, P.O. Box 1505, Jupiter, FL 33468-1505 Wendell A. Wolka, P.O. Box 1211. Greenwood, IN 46142 Jamie Yakes. P.O. Box 1203, Jackson, NJ 08527 APPOINTEES: PUBLISHER-EDITOR Fred L. Reed III, P.O. Box 793941. Dallas, TX 75379-3941 CONTRIBUTING EDITOR Gene Hessler, P.O. Box 31144, Cincinnati, OH 45231 ADVERTISING MANAGER Wendell A. Wolka, P.O. Box 1211, Greenwood, IN 46142 LEGAL COUNSEL Robert J. Galiette, 3 Teal Ln., Essex, CT 06426 LIBRARIAN Jeff Brueggeman, 711 Signal Mountain Rd. # 197, Chattanooga, TN 37405 MEMBERSHIP DIRECTOR Frank Clark, P.O. Box 117060, Carrollton. TX 75011-7060 PAST PRESIDENT Ron Horstman, 5010 Timber Ln Gerald, MO 63037 WISMER BOOK PROJECT COORDINATOR Bob Cochran, P.O. Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031 REGIONAL MEETING COORDINATOR Judith Murphy, P.O. Box 24056, Winston-Salem, NC 27114 BUYING AND SELLING CSA and Obsolete Notes CSA Bonds, Stocks & Financial Items Auction Representation 60-Page Catalog for $5.00 Refundable with Order HUGH SHULL ANA-LM SPMC LM 6 SCNA P.O. Box 2522, Lexington, SC 29071 BRNA PCDA CHARTER MBR PH: (803) 996-3660 FAX: (803) 996-4885 FUN Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 163 Series of 1929 Federal Reserve Bank Notes p RESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, UPON BEING inaugurated March 4, 1933, inherited the most crippling banking cri- sis ever to face the nation, one characterized by a general loss of con- fidence in the national monetary system, widespread hoarding of money, panic runs on banks, and banking holidays imposed by various state governors. The banking system in the United States was at the brink of col- lapse. The Paper Column By Peter Huntoon Roosevelt immediately responded by imposing a four-day bank holi- day beginning March 6th. Next, Congress passed, without a dissenting vote, and the President signed into law, the Emergency Banking Act during the evening of March 9th. The act had been hastily sponsored by Democratic Senator Carter Glass of Lynchburg, Virginia, a former Secretary of the Treasury, and Democratic Congressman Henry B. Steagall of Alabama, Chairman of the House Committee on Banking and Currency. The President extended the bank holiday under the terms of the act. Most numismatists know this law as the one that appropriated gold by the U. S. Treasury in order to safeguard the currency system of the nation. This provision was primarily aimed at hoarding. More important at the time was a provision that authorized the exami- nation of national banks, and, if found to be shaky, to take possession of them in order to conserve their assets for the benefit of their depositors. In short order, rules were promulgated for the licensing of all banks by the Secretary of the Treasury. The sound banks were allowed to reopen; the weak national '_1122013-1-004:` THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF C PHILADELPHIA PENNSYLVANIA *Ill PAY tO IOt BtA141.1. ON UENAMI, EIVE C tr c11,criv,otill" /I; 164 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money banks were placed in conservatorships, and the unsound were placed in receiver- ships. Some bankers chose to liquidate or merge with stronger banks. Provisions were made for the reorganization of weak banks, thus accounting for the large number of liquidations and charterings of reorganized successors during the 1933- 5 period. Equally significant was a provision that any bank could issue preferred stock that the federal Reconstruction Finance Corporation would purchase, thus providing the bank with much needed liquid capital. This shored up banks facing liquidity crises which increased public confidence, and encouraged the return of deposits. The Series of 1929 Federal Reserve bank notes owe their origin to the act, specifically Title IV as follows: Upon the deposit with the Treasurer of the United States, (a) of any direct obligations of the United States [U. S. bonds] or (b) of any notes, drafts, bills of exchange, or bankers' acceptances [other securities having value] acquired under the provisions of this Act, any Federal reserve bank making such deposit . . . shall be entitled to receive from the Comptroller of the Currency circulating notes . . . Such notes shall be the obligations of the Federal reserve bank procuring the same, . . . shall be receivable at par in all parts of the United States for the same purposes as are national bank notes, and shall be redeemable in lawful money of the United States on presentation at the United States Treasury or at the [Federal reserve] bank of issue. The act further specified that the emergency currency was to be issued at par against the U. S. bonds that were deposited, and at 90% of the estimated value of the other securities deposited. Thus a mechanism was devised that allowed banks to deposit applicable bonds and commercial paper with the Federal Reserve banks, and the Federal Reserve banks in turn deposited the paper with the Treasurer in order to receive much needed currency. The new money infused the banking- system with critically needed cash. In essence, this provision was very similar to the 1908 vintage Aldrich- Vreeland Emergency Currency Act, except its requirements were far more lenient, easier to implement and less costly. It resulted in the creation of a huge amount of money, and that money was intended to permeate the depression-strapped econo- my. The act went on to state: "No such circulating- notes shall be issued under this paragraph after the President has declared by proclamation that the emer- gency recognized by the President by proclamation of March 6, 1933, has termi- nated, unless such circulating notes are secured by deposits of bonds of the United States bearing the circulation privilege." TAILS Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 6RAIE• OM01, Off-75sjIf 0,1.1141 /A J•fkQF Ifj... &11gSAIUMERIAlk DR BY ARE 9f04i1f oYMrt.ccU Rnts THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF A 40000000 A BOSTONMASSACHUSETTS TE NTO 71. MEANER 0 ,1 DEMAND I MILLAJi S A000000034 A 165 I Y, "ft 1.1 t 4 ei• Isat.rn,nt 1.311tL. MID____ATAIWAO1FIAMERI TI DT OrOP.IIILCUP■TCS THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF D CLEVELANDOHIO , PAY - 0 04 Nry ix )1.3.A ono ono o, ^o` a D Get.er•fr Crash Production Here is the story of the production of the emergency currency as told in the history of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (1962, p. 116-117): Many of the requests made upon the Bureau necessitated quick and decisive action. A case in point was the special currency authorized by emergency legislation of March 9, 1933, for an issue of Federal Reserve Bank Notes. The urgency for this issuance of additional notes was due to the panic withdrawals of savings deposited in the banks throughout the Nation. Foresight and versatility were essential if the dire consequences that could have resulted from the ensuing paper money shortage were to be avoided. It would have taken 18 months to prepare the new currency issue had conventional methods been followed. However, only 2 days after passage of the legislation, the first shipment of the new notes was on its way to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The dispatch of currency to the other Federal Reserve banks followed immediately. Such an accomplishment was the result of ingenuity on the Bureau' s part. Much of the preliminary work relating to the new notes was accomplished at the same time that the financial aspects were being considered and the legislative bill was being drafted. The expeditious production of the currency was made possible through improvising available blank engraved stocks of national bank currency for the pur- poses. This was achieved by blocking out the officers' engraved titles already appearing on the notes and overprinting the names of the Federal Reserve banks and the facsimile signatures and the substitute titles of the required officials by means of logotypes. 166 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Trimming Series of 1929 Federal Reserve Bank Note sheets prior to overprinting the bank information, and seals and serial numbers, during the crash program to print them beginning the second week of March, 1933. An example of the speed with which the project was handled is found in the preparation of notes for the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. It was necessary to procure actual signatures of two officials of every Federal Reserve bank for use in preparing the overprinting plates. Telegrams were dispatched to the banks asking that the neces- sary specimens be furnished immediately. In order to brook no delay in getting initial stocks of the new notes to the west coast, signatures of the Californians were copied from documents on file in the Treasury. Any necessary corrections could be made later. Notes bearing the San Francisco officers' facsimile signa- tures were already en route when the specimens requested by telegram were received at the Bureau from that bank. The dire need for "emergency currency" soon subsided; how- ever, shipments of token amounts continued to be made through February 1934. The face value of the total deliveries was in excess of $460 million. The Bureau could take pride in the part it played in boosting public confidence in the Nation's banks, for during the emer- gency period it also handled the rush order received for more than 5 million sheets of regular Federal Reserve Notes. *IiIVITirlIMILVMS;40.9 6.1%14 C ).',5 • PE et so titi si v.. en 00v imvxsosvvvr, 4040% 0$.004iv 4110114,441174.44,MICK TnikialatERSTAIRSOFAMINtillt. "/;M:". LICE 0(00Sti r antr.4 srcu4r;s --- THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CLEVELAND OHIO•v TO nrAprp O. 0G>4.4 141, TWENTY IN IILLAICS D 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 5 * D D D00002135 * Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 167 "Emergency currency" was also to serve in another critical situa- tion 10 years later. After the last delivery was made in 1934 there remained on hand 7,317 packages comprising some 29 million of these notes in the vaults of the Bureau. During World -War II these stocks were used to help meet the large demands made for currency. Neil Shafer (1967, p. 113-115) provides the ranges for the delivery dates for all the districts and denominations. In summary, the first shipment consisted of $10 New York notes on March 10, 1933. The first $10 star notes for New York were produced that same day, meaning they were rushed to inspectors, the inspections were carried out, and the notes packaged and shipped within hours. Several denominations for various districts were shipped March 11th, including $100s for Richmond. The final printing in the series consisted of $5s for Kansas City which were delivered to the Bureau vault January 11, 1934, for later delivery to the bank. Series of 1929 Federal Reserve bank notes totalling $910,530,000 were printed, but only $285,316,000 were issued during the 1933-4 period. This rep- resents 31.3 percent of the total. The unissued remainders were stored at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. World War II Usage The remainder of the stockpile, consisting of $625,214,000 worth of notes, was issued in 1942-3 to alleviate shortages of currency on the home front during World War II. Consequently, most of the Series of 1929 FRBNs were issued during the war, 68.7 percent of them to be exact. Persichetti (1967) wrote: On December 12, 1942, the Treasury began issuing these notes to the various Federal Reserve Banks across the nation. Simultaneously, the banks deposited with the Treasurer of the United States an equal amount of lawful money. These deposits immediately extinguished the liability of the individual Federal Reserve Banks for these notes and pro- vided for their redemption by the Treasury as they became unfit. Section 3 of an Act passed June 12, 1945, effectively nullified the provi- sions by which the Federal Reserve banks could issue Federal Reserve bank notes. That section stated: All power and authority with respect to the issuance of circulat- ing notes, known as Federal Reserve bank notes . . . shall cease and ter- minate on the date of enactment of this Act. Series of 1929 Federal Reserve Bank Note replacement notes are highly prized by collectors, with some, such as this example, being rare with just a few reported. t e t, r i : 111 E1 IAL I :1 ^" VI: AN l#t; lk""ki N W VI MI: N I P 4 $ A f tS ••■••■,,L •ri It. 1:A14 I 1 :ANI# W ....f`Vw i112tt. lAtllt1.111T41111711g711111111111112011971.11 irsillittigAVs ENV VII )1 I at Ailta ,,Ft Inr..ecRon OLMANO FIVE 114 JLIAltS fatitippre j Ai 168 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money These were models prepared for the small size Federal Reserve Bank Note issues, but because the bank information on them was to be engraved, they were necessarily abandoned in favor of overprinting the bank information from logo- types because the notes had to be prepared in great haste. Rejected Models Shown here are rejected models for the Series of 1929 Federal Reserve bank note emergency issues. These were found lurking in the recesses of the vast Bureau of Engraving and Printing proof holdings in the National Numismatic Collections, Smithsonian Institution. A cursory look reveals that the title blocks on all three are different, each reflective of the artistic styles of the times, but carrying forward a bit of the flavor of recent former large size Federal Reserve bank notes. A close examination reveals that the bank title blocks were not intended to be overprinted, but rather they were to be engraved. The models are paste-ups. The bank title blocks are composed of both hand-drawn and printed letters. These are glued onto preprinted 1929 national bank note faces lifted from regular production plates. The word "approved" is penned below each on the cardboard upon which there are mounted, but they remain unsigned and undated. The idea was that engraved title blocks for the various Federal Reserve CURRENCY A Division of Collectors Universe NASDAQ: cl.cir The Standard for Paper Money Grading Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 169 Protect Your Notes For the Next Generation When it comes to protecting your investment for future generations, there is no safer way than with PCGS Currency holders. • PCGS Currency is the only grading service that encapsulates notes in Mylar-D - , the safest and best archival material for long-term storage • Our unique grading label and open-top holder allow notes to "breathe," thus preventing them from deteriorating due to lack of oxygen • The specifically designed tamper-proof label ensures the security of your notes Experienced collectors trust PCGS Currency — the leader in third-party certification. Call 800.447.8848 or visit www.pcgscurrency.com today, and experience the clear difference. P.O. Box 9458, Newport Beach, CA 92658 • (800) 447-8848 • Fax: (949) 833-7660 • www.pcgscurrency.com 0,2008 Colleclor, 1,11ivo, -3;101 I'M Wier-0 is a registered trademark of DuPont. 170 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Signatures on Series of 1929 Federal Reserve Bank Notes. Boston Cashier Governor New York Deputy Governor Governor Philadephia Cashier Governor Cleveland Cashier Governor Richmond Cashier Governor Atlanta Cashier Governor Chicago Asst. Deputy Governor Governor St. Louis Controller Governor Minneapolis Cashier Governor Kansas City Cashier Governor Dallas Cashier Governor San Francisco Cashier Governor William Willett Roy A. Young Arthur W. Gilbart George L. Harrison C. A. Mcllhenny George W. Norris Herman F. Strater Elvadore R. Fancher George Keesee George J. Seay M. W. Bell Eugene R. Black Otto G. Netterstrom James B. McDougal A. H. HaiII William McC. Martin Harry I. Ziemer William B. Geety J. W. Helm George H. Hamilton Fred Harris B. A. McKinney W. M. Hale John U. Calkins 7g. -14,,J ,IctAIAT List of the signatures of the Federal Reserve officials that were used on the Series of 1929 Federal Reserve Bank Notes. Reproduced through the courtesy of Derek Moffitt (2008). banks would be transferred to basic 1929 national currency dies. They would be printed along with the rest of the black face design when reproduced on produc- tion plates. Notice also that the Federal Reserve district letters and numbers were not incorporated as part of the engraved work. Either these elements were neglected on the models, or, more likely, plans already had been made to over- print this information along with the Federal Reserve signatures. There was no consideration given to a Federal Reserve seal. The reason that none of these designs was approved was the fact that the work necessary to implement them required more time then was available to get the notes into circulation. 171Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 MEMPHIS COIN CLUB'S 33rd ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL PAPER MONEY SHOW June 26, 27, 28, 2009 Cook Convention Center 255 N. Main Street, Memphis, TN 38103-1623 Convention Hotel: MEMPHIS MARRIOTT DOWNTOWN 250 N. Main St., Memphis, TN 38103/ 901-527-7300 Sleep Inn • 40 N. Front St, • (901) 522-9700 Commemorative Souvenir Cards U.S.P.S. Temporary Postal Station Auction by Spink-Smythe Fantastic Paper Money Exhibits Society Meetings For bourse Information and reservation cards ; write: Mike Crabb, Box 17871, Memphis, TN 38187-0871 Phone (901) 757-2515 EXHIBIT CHAIRMAN Martin Delger 9677 Paw Paw Lake Dr. Mattawan, MI 49071 Phone 269-668-4234 After 6:00 p.m. Hey! Mister Horn Blower Memoirs of a Ufe in Music and Numismatics Gene Hessler 172 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money The fact is, the need for the Federal Reserve bank notes was so acute, they were pushed through produc- tion by overprinting the needed information on preprinted stocks of unfinished national bank note sheets that already were on hand. This is what gives the issued notes such a fascinating provisional look. The fact is, the bank information was overprinted from logotype plates made by the American Type Founders Corporation of Jersey City, New Jersey, which were rushed to Washington for the occasion. This was the parent firm of Barnhard Brothers & Spindler who made the logotype plates for the Series of 1929 national bank notes. It appears that the typeset work in the title blocks was prepared at the BEP because they have virtually the identical character and use of fonts as appeared on national bank notes for The Reading National Bank and Trust Company, Reading, Pennsylvania, and The Farmers and Merchants National Bank of Eureka, Nevada. Those Series of 1929 notes were printed from overprinting plates made entirely at the BEP, not from logotypes made by BBS. Sources of Information Bureau of Engraving and Printing. History of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, 1862-1962. Treasury Department, Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1962, 199 p. Huntoon, Peter. "Stars among the dust (listing of the Series of 1929 FRBN star note serial numbers that were printed), Paper Money, v. 20 0981), pp. 317-318. Lloyd, Robert H. "National bank notes, Federal Reserve bank notes, Federal Reserve notes, 1928-1950," Coin Collector's journal an-Feb, 1953), Wayte Raymond, Inc.: New York, NY, 16 p. Moffitt, Derek. "Bank signatures on small-size Federal Reserve bank notes," Paper Money, v. 47 (Mar-Apr 2008,) pp. 154-155. Persichetti, Joseph. "Federal Reserve bank notes, Series of 1929," Paper Money, v. 6 (1967), pp 11-15. Shafer, Neil. A guide book of modern United States currency. Racine, WI: Whitman Publishing Company, 1967, 160 p. O'Connor, J. F. T. Annual Report of the Comptroller of the Currency fin• fiscal year 1933. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1934, 677 p. U. S. Statutes, An Act to provide relief in the existing national emergency in banking, and for other purposes, March 9, 1933. Public Laws of the Seventy-Third Congress, Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1933. U. S. Statutes, Washington, DC.: U. S. Government Printing Office, June 12, 1945. Former Paper Money Editor Gene Hessler pens autobiography FORMER PAPER MONEY EDITOR GENE HESSLERtells of his years as a world-class musician and his decades of numismatic discovery in his new autobiography Hey! Mister Horn Blower: Mentoirw of a Life in Music and Numismatics. Hessler's saga takes him from his clays attending the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music and playing in college dance bands, to his tour in the U.S. Army performing with the likes of Cannonball and Nat Adderley, through stints with name bands including Woody Herman's, Billy May's and Elliot Lawrence's, to his career as a Broadway musician in New York City in such Broadway shows as The Music Marc, Camelot, Annie and a dozen others. As a member of the Radio City Music Hall orchestra, Hessler performed with Doc Severinsen, Nina Simone, Sammy Davis, Jr., and Diana Ross. On Broadway he per- formed with Julie Andrews, Richard Burton, Barbra Streisand, Robert Preston and Carol Burnett; and in the classical field, Joan Sutherland, and Eileen Farrell. Gene also has performed at Lincoln Center, Carnegie Hall and the Metropolitan Opera under Leonard Bernstein and Leopold Stokowski. Along the way Gene became interested in the history of money, especially the beauty of paper money. Lester Merkin and Dr. Glenn E. Jackson were his mentors. Though he never left music, Gene was the curator of The Chase Manhattan Bank Money Museum from 1967-1977, and the Mercantile Bank Money Museum in St. Louis in the mid-1980s. Hessler has also authored five award-winning books. His first was Comprehensive Catalog of U.S. Paper Money, now in its 7th ed. He discovered unissued bank notes at the BEP, which he documented in U.S. Essay, Proof and Specimen Notes, now in its 2nd ed. His third book was An Illustrated History of U.S. Loans, 1775-1898. Hessler's research of engravers and design- ers resulted in The Engraver's Line, and The International Engraver's Line. Gene was Editor for Paper Money for 14 years, has penned over 350 articles, and has appeared on the NBC Today show twice, What's My Line and Wonderama. Originally intended for family and close friends, he was encouraged to share his per- sonal story with his many fans in the hobby and elsewhere. Books may be ordered directly from the author at PO Box 31144, Cincinnati, OH 45231 or engraversline@aol.com . The soft cover price is $25, or for one of the 100 hard cover copies, $35. Through the end of May these prices are postpaid to U.S. addresses. In the event of a sell out of the hard cover, soft cover books will be substituted and the price differential refunded, Gene notes. Mention if you desire an autograph. ,t„AL Pier 11*: 1.1.%ItLE ----. REAL EST---;''."-Tr. 7. 1 Li DEPOSIT I) li I) tj 11 —11:-...R.11,:i(G:E_4;■ .0 -POSIT & E s4":"'5. - COMPANY ../el --" ' _ //1///1/' 4///7 92y2'....09%,:z_;:b-T //, ,,,e, g : 7,, --1 /./ 74%./..,-,-,, fw ,./. /..6, (///,,//). ,.2";...41- -, - • :.-..-4-ggi,-. 9., cx.ii. r. j 77'..4%:-./. 44• ,,,,,,,,,,,,...././,- • Ar;, ;,-- ...!.. /7A(/..'i A i ///%,,,,, /./ 4, ft/1 1 _ill , .' . , ../ 7 l.. e'"( c 1./e 7. r .11.!' Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 173 Nacogdoches Real Estate Deposit & Exchange Co. (The Republic of Texas) By Elmer C. Powell Jr. T AND SPECULATION WAS A PROMINENT PART OF EARLYNacogdoches history. Nacogdoches was the major land entry gatewayon the San Antonio Road for the land-rich Republic of Texas. In fact,4 some say the land speculators were the driving force in the ultimate Revolution with Mexico. Land speculators aside, little has come to light on the Nacogdoches Real Estate Deposit & Exchange Company (which by the way has nothing to do with Kelsey H. Douglas which established a thriving mercantile business in the Nacogdoches area settlement of the Republic of Texas). The notes of this busi- ness were allegedly backed by real estate. The Company was probably put out of business by the Government of Texas act of 14th of December 1837 which made $1.00 (L) 1 in round die ; justice seated in oval; one in panel; (C) maiden seated with sheaf; 1 in oval die; (R) 1 in round die; portrait of bare breasted maiden seated; one in panel. Uniface DATE: 18 printed Imprint: Woodruff, Tucker & Co. Cincinnati, Ohio. it unlawful for any person or persons to either issue or put in circulation any pri- vate issued scrip. However even without passage of the Act investment in the business may well have been lost as many banks failed in the United States in the economic panic of 1837. The Company was in operation around 1837, and left the scene as quickly as it had appeared. Five notes are known. A $3 and $5 note is located in the John N. Rowe Collection in the DeGolver Library at Southern Methodist University. A $1 and a second $3 and a $5 are in a private Texas collection. No copies of these extremely rare notes are held in the Streeter collection at Yale University or the collection of Texas notes and documents at The University of Texas at Austin. One interest- ing aspect of the notes is an evident attempt to redeem the notes in "Starr" notes which had just been issued by the Republic of Texas as its first issue of currency in November of 1837. Also one note has bank note marked out and "skins" written in. The printer identified on the notes is "Woodruff, Tucker & Co. Cincinnati, Ohio," which was in operation in 1837. It later became the Western Bank Note Co. through a series of mergers, and joining with the American Bank Note Company in the 1870s. 10 ,,,"4 ; , ► .‘„\I■ is Inv ; in • ioAL p 1 • 1 1 : 1:4.Tv 10, --.. • -- . _,,, ,,, .____ 4p„ - • ......0.S RZAZ,. *‘- v,OS1„____T 4-1, b • _.. CO .. NIPANI.. -4-C 0 GDO•1 ---- "'SZAT E 1.0S" 4;■ILCIIAN".- --------■:.'" 1■.,_ - • -:„:„... --.......--:_ /%/ .///41/ X///// ''2 't r 7?- n...._,,I; . fi; 7,%//../ 4 4 '/,//,/ ,W iX///aNid///' ./ • /.:4 .`/.// ../. ///4,0 /./ ///, t///1/ ///////////7. /// erifi/."1 /.,/i/./e/i/e// N " 1.407;;;S : I 1 E.TA! f V: • A C 0 GDOC TIES ill:NJUIL• 114141rtv4 , 4,1014'1 4 .40M rAn-41 4 / /file" 4../e ti, /4",../ ,Iirts s t., „//r, 7 „:-., / , , - /,;,-,/,-,„. ,,,,, /4,,,,,,,,//,, ,/,;/,/,r/ m /,.„ „-;„; ,, ;.,,,;. . :7,... , „, / 1 44' 04 i - p.t . .,,,,_ UKAL 174 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money $3.00 (L) 3 in round die; medallion head of Greek God; Three in panel; (C) hunter in forest; 3 in oval die; (R) 3 in round die; medallion head of Greek God. Uniface DATE: 18 printed Imprint: Woodruff, Tucker & Co. Cincinnati, Ohio. $5.00 (L) 5 in oval die; (C) Goddess Aurora in four wheeled chariot pulled by two griffins; (R) 5 in round scalloped die; bare breasted god- dess standing with sword; five in oval die. Uniface DATE 18 printed Imprint: Woodruff Tucker & Co. Cincinnati Ohio. (The five dollar note is a remainder or note that was never issued and someone over time has marked the note up at the bottom and filled in a bogus date of 1848. Anyone with information on these notes, the company, or the individuals who signed them can contact me at P.O. Box 560745, Dallas, Texas 75356-0745. References DeGolver Library Southern Methodist University. Dallas, Texas. Gouge, William. The Fiscal History of Texas, 1852. Griffiths, William. The Story Of A711CliCall Bank Note Company, 1959. Mclean, Malcolm. Papers Concerning Robertson's Colony in Texas, 1990. Medlar, Bob. Texas Obsolete Notes and Scrip, 1968. Rowe, John M. Southwest Numismatic Corp. Dallas, Texas. Williams, Crutchfield. Crutchfield Currency. Quinlan, Texas. Wolka, Wendell. A History of Nineteenth Century Ohio Obsolete Bank Notes and Scrip, 2004. Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 175 01“41.11 AL., ' UlloCL? •Sr Al.CREW s MAI t9 RS. N Pa 1•ITi014 AT UNION fat►OT, LHAvY.P.00GA -- 7.7 Western and Atlantic Rail Road Scrip By Dennis Schafluetzel EPENDING ON HOW YOU DEFINE THE SCOPE OF YOUR The "General" Western &D collection, acquiring Western and Atlantic Railroad (W&A RR) scrip Atlantic Rail Road engine. can be easy and rapid or can be difficult and require many years to complete. W&A RR scrip is comprised of two types: construction notes issued in the 1840s, and Georgia Legislature authorized scrip identified as "change bills." Change bills from $1 to 50 were authorized for making change on the railroad during the Civil War because initially the lowest denomination Confederate State of America (CSA) notes were $2 bills. One-dollar CSA notes were not issued until December 1862 after the A through K series W&A RR change bills were issued. Acquiring most of the Civil War Western and Atlantic Railroad change bills can be completed quickly because a hoard of canceled scrip came on the market about 1990. However, all of the scrip issued during con- struction of the railroad prior to the war, and a few of the Civil War change bills are very rare (1- 6 each known). Overview The Georgia Legislature recognized the importance of fostering railroad construction to open up the western portions of the Georgia frontier and granted charters to build three major lines in 1833: Augusta to Athens, Savannah to Macon, and Macon to Forsyth. The legislature followed up by establishing the 4:2:1VXa itikz ItTire ON' 4EORt. I t. ta I I Crtlf, jfqi A1441.11.. L , the ILFee +111,t Cvaan, e, Lefityette Geo. V 444 eenetteiti Pre • if of rireolf q on, ir p1M4 tri,, Oro NA 1iaYlia re. *It Oa rro du Irivirrm ••■•S me BRANCH BANK OF BOUNSWICK, at •Iug"atu• au! Orri • : 44 / • / ri De q. currunt, \thee the Sent ‘4".. rC•r,CMCr1. Al, Gu. r Ofir . - Ittrove ••■•"' t.41----ot tor, Ireeer, 176 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money WT&A RR in 1836 to connect the Chattahoochee River to the Tennessee River. They also provided for the exten- sion of the railroads from Athens and Forsyth to the Western and Atlantic. In 1837 surveyors for the three railroads selected a locale seven miles southeast of the Chattahoochee River as a southern terminus of the three railroads. A small settlement, aptly named Terminus, arose at this location. While work was progressing on the Western and Atlantic Railroad, Terminus grew, changing its name to Marthasville in 1843 and to Atlanta (in honor of the railroad) in 1845. Lt. Col. Stephen H. Long surveyed and laid out the 108-mile route to the Tennessee border in 1837. Three potential routes from the Tennessee border were provided. He estimated the cost at $2.1 million and provid- ed a detailed plan for the first 25 miles. The Georgia Legislature authorized the W&A RR based on the plan. The Georgia Legislature funded the railroad over the veto of Governor Gilmer using the federal funds from the sale of public lands, and borrowed the remainder. Bids for the first 25 miles were issued in April 1838, and hiring started on March 2. The lack of funds as a result of the national panic of 1837-1842 delayed and finally halted construction of the railroad. Construction resumed as the economy improved. The first 22 miles from Marietta to Atlanta was com- pleted in September 1845. The line was completed to Dalton in July of 1847. Because of the difficulty in construct- ing the tunnel north of Dalton, the track on the other side of the proposed tunnel was started and completed to Chattanooga before the tunnel was completed. The tunnel, near the current city of Tunnel Hill, opened on May 9, 1850, completing the W&A RR. Even before the line was completed, the W&A RR was generating significant revenue for the Georgia Treasury. It contributed $125,000 to state revenue in 1847 alone. By 1860 the W&A RR was contributing 50% of the state's revenue. Virginia, Georgia and Tennessee were 1st, 2nd and 3rd in miles of railroad track in the south (1,771, 1,404, and 1,197 miles respectively) when the Civil War began in 1861. The Union forces chose to follow the railroads from Nashville to Chattanooga to Atlanta to allow easy supply to the advancing troops, as well as denying the Confederacy the use of the railroads for supplies and troop movement. Construction Scrip A 12%c note is illustrated in Dr. John A. Muscalus' book Georgia Railroad Currency Comprehensively Illustrated. Little is known except that it was payable in Lafayette, Georgia. The author indicated it was probably from the 1840s, a period during which the railroad was under construction. A 6 Y4c cent note also has been reported. 12',2 W&A RR, Engine, 1840s? G-UnI assigned 1493.31 The Contractors of the Western and Atlantic Railroad issued a $1 note dated March 12, 1842, payable at the Branch Bank of Brunswick in Augusta, Georgia or the W&A RR office in Marietta, Georgia. $1 W&A RR, Ship, March 2, 1842 G-UnI assigned 1493.01.2 (Courtesy of Claud Murphy / Ken Latimer) Stair 5. etc etrtifp, .74,/ LIME ooLLAns 4 •Al•/ 44 • • yi• fhb 1 14 on /. 4(a. WESTERN AND ATLANTIC RAIL ROAD 141' Weoireft S: attantit nail Myatt* $ 1 O. - .C. ,A1K=.1•■•■■ Dr ,.a: Mr errtif9, ,,X4e. A...,,- (9:4 e'../ne.. a t -7 ,:z4•4 14 orill6 r , TEN DOLLARS '. ,k6 ii, 717 -'e (r - - b,-.1- awtrr, tv4C1f, 4 ,i'd enktea al' 14 ,,zi, til di x ipfe,:,r an .i.1'14. elk: 47/14 Vominflit;7,iera, 1:n Stale sill( $4 e61/ t76%.1, 10 d aMail NIi ti ,t; 7 . .,9.. .C.%2)''oliia tio. i . , e.'7.- ire,.,,,,. J. . 1 4 '2.4 tr -,,,..",e(e.6 / 2 . ■ ''_, ,/,'''' 4---- a••■•••■•••AnA•Al ( - ' - '' , ,:')/r '■ ,le, (i.7 ' • Z, A' .'?4/..'. Its do.1, .74// 4 Arta ,v;,; ern lab Atlantic liail Moab. -11,JAANI 4, 11 , Voir Mark, " •1 Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 177 Large Denomination Type 1 Construction Scrip The Type 1 notes have the denomination printed across both ends in an ornate design. The Type 1 notes are known in $5, $10, $20 and $50 denominations ($100 may exist) and are dated 1/1/1840, 6/1/1840, and 1/1/1841. $5 W&A RR, FIVE DOLLARS across ends, June 1, 1840 G-Unl assigned 1493.05.1 (Courtesy of Mack Martin) $10 W&A RR, TEN DOLLARS across ends, June 1, 1840 G-Unl assigned 1493.10.1 $20 W&A RR, TWENTY DOLLARS across ends, January 1, 1841 G-Unl assigned 1493.20.1 (R. M. Smythe Auction Sept. 2003 lot 1482) 7/i./ fill ,/ 4// / ff„, /-1 . //V //1; ./ / /// tr zirz /ivy/ „ t.".;.cv / /1//// / . *// 1.171.A7131,13...1- .C1i1432.70.. MIS STERMATIWITIC RAIL RU „, I n E SRI I" 01 GEORGIA , r LOS •ZZIXIMICIMMEARIM 178 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money nitotralts anV Altionttv -Ai:ooV4 ire eertuv, ■ . VIFTY DOLLARS +...rd la/rte.," al //I. ,7114, de 01.4 1 7 44 6-:C NZ aftf/ /1,r • " . -5,41 05;1 '...1)7}, !;:e ,ye -,477/1 ViOCk, /14,,,,eli.eale;•4 71 (A) c7.6A1 1 . rni $50 W&A RR, FIFTY DOLLARS across, June 1, 1840 G-LMI assigned 1493.50.1 (R. M. Smythe Auction June 1997 lot 1156) Large Denomination Type 2 Construction Scrip Type 2 notes are similar to obsolete bank notes of the period with vignettes at the top center, left and right. The $5 denomination has a W&A RR seal at left and George Washington at right dated 1/1/1841 or 7/1/1841. The $10 note is known only in unissued condition. $5 W&A RR, L: Train, R: Washington, January 1, 1841 G-Unl assigned 1493.05.2 (Courtesy of Ken Latimer) $10 W&A RR, L: Georgia seal, 184 G-Unl assigned 1493.10.2 (Courtesy of Ken Latimer, Lyn Knight Auction June 2004 lot 2158) 'Si' zynettata 4_01r, 4.1r14113-.elcsa u:41.:1114,44D. 11 ' rCa Ti II INT awe/ ',ell; (4/.....4( 9(' DiAnasiin 1%ent. 27',--4/, • 4 • ---•*7 VIA V. IMAttglitaikaelrg .1" 1lVc:::..WaoJ .,-Lwzdkd";kscokz.gwtj T If 4;..VT• .00.L.LillItSt ,Yantstrow •.Z.I.S4 %AMID litZ.21 • . ..:1$311 44res TWENT oatsl rt4 f AV 4( 611el6li al 4z, /Joys/A! 41 eh 64 went Yrua iiiIlea anal 711.4,•"' -71071:MAXIAISTWW4==114.11Mli f 1101 itil tfc, (Ale DOLLAICkt Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 179 Large Denomination Type 3 Issues Construction Scrip Type 3 notes have a train at the top with circular printer designs at each corner and an identical vignette between the printer designs. Notes of $5, $10 and $20 dated 1/1/1842 or 6/1/1842 are known. $5 W&A RR, Top: Train, R&L• Eagle, June 1, 1842 G-UnI assigned 1493.05.3 (Courtesy of Mack Martin) aletUriMiX4430013017gtitillitlitliNiernitIVnirrirkirliValWaraWniloiITI 4 r '`er.Z.:-.;T:213$11° 4aloPn5iiii. e/0 ( TIE. 1)4)1414A11S\e N\ $10 W&A RR, Top: Train, R&L: Soldier & Flag, June 1, 1842 G-Unl assigned 1493.10.3 $20 W&A RR, Top: Train, R&L: Solder & Flag, January 1, 1842 G-Unl assigned 1493.20.3 (Courtesy of Claud Murphy / Ken Latimer) All of the Western and Atlantic railroad construction notes are rare (1 to 6 of each known). Only 11 Western and Atlantic Railroad construction notes have been offered for public sale in the past 12 years. Three notes were offered in the Smythe sale of June 1997: Lot 1155 a $5 June 1, 1840 G/VG (probable Type 1 based on date), Lot 1156 a $50 July 1, 1841, VF/XF (Type 1 based on catalog picture), and Lot 1157 a $5 January 1, 1842, Fine (Type 3 based on date). One note was offered in the Smythe sale of September 2003: Lot 1481 $20 January 1, 1841, VF (Type 1 shown). Another note was sold on the eBav sale of 3/24/04: $5 VF Type 2. The Lvn Knight Sale in Memphis June 2004 offered: Lot 2157 $5 VG + $20 F both T-1 notes and Lot 2158 $10 AU Type 2 unissued. The Smythe sale pf December 2005 offered a $10 T-1 note. The Smythe sale at Memphis 2007 offered lot 3608 with a $5 T-1 and a $5 T-2. 1)4. e////1/1 •• SJIMMIGEIDIVKIINETED WISITILS MINOS Olt Irl `414.2a4Ilitt.,6 @ATEA wigs' ortaa tintaDAFA _41 ./(4 mcitlikeiNIMEIMa4 if k S1/4W1 0. 220 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money A Series 1902 $100 National Bank Note issued by the bank and signed by Nannie M. Mabry as president. (Courtesy Higgins Museum) The Albia Interurban in front of the bank a century ago. (Courtesy David Johnson, Albia Industrial Development Corporation) Lockman, succeeded her as president. Born in Drakesville, Iowa, on August 31, 1865, she had married J. C. Mabry, a lawyer, in 1885. She was president of the bank at the time of her death, which occurred at the family home in Albia on May 13, 1923. An obituary spoke of her sound judgment in business affairs. It noted that she was "among the very few business women who had successfully served as the executive officer of a banking institution." J. C. Mabry, who had been a director and legal advisor for the bank, succeeded her as the bank's president. In 1930 the bank was voluntarily liquidat- ed as a national bank, and joined two other local banks to become the First Iowa State Bank of Albia. Sources and acknowledgments The Albia Republican carried a lengthy obituary of John H. Drake on May 31, 1900. Biographical sketches of his brother are found in such national reference works as the Dictionary of AMerk fill Biography and the American National Biography. Obituaries for Caroline B. Drake were in the Albia Republican for July 15, 1915, and the Albia Union for July 20, 1915, and for Nannie M. Mabry in the Monroe County News for May 17, 1923. I am grateful for the help of Rosalie Mullinix of the Monroe County Genealogical Society in Albia, and to David Johnson of the Albia Industrial Development Corporation, the present occupants of the bank building. NV' 14kVA`4,-A. 4:1,-teA.,1P....-ftkv$4s:Nr on( / (7-U-f_et,7 • rz:0 11;',;74 (•/ ,m/eibv.(/* .471) ?.7(' n „ e(1 (/'K/ /,, 4-/ CERTIFICATE OFDEPOSIT. NOT jEC' Cf I CSK . Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 221 Above, a recent view of the bank building, beautifully maintained and looking much as it did a century ago. (Courtesy Albia Industrial Development Corporation, the current occupant of the building) Below, an engraved view of the bank on a 1900 certificate of deposit. 222 NEW MEMBERS Membership Director Frank Clark P.O. Box 117060 Carrollton, TX 75011 SPMC NEW MEMBERS - 02/05/2009 These memberships expire 12/31/2009 12805 Curtis D. Mealer, 2439 West Grantville Rd, Newnan, GA 30263 (C, Nationals, Obsoletes, Uncut Sheets), Website 12806 William F. Marriner (C), Paper. Money Values 12807 Robert J. Zeringo, PO Box 1221, Block Island, RI 02807 (C), Torn Denly 12808 Terry Healy (C & D), Website 12809 Robert Caissie (C), Rodney Henderson 12810 William H. Cosgrove, 52 Lathrop Ave, Battle Creek, MI 49014-4357 (C, $2 Notes), Paper Money Values 12811 Kevin Blocker (C), Wendell Wolka 12812 Bruce E. Turner (C & D), Wendell Wolka 12813 Bret Appleton (C), Jason Bradford 12814 Stan Baszczuk (C), Jason Bradford 12815 Calvary Currency & Coins (C), Jason Bradford 12816 Julie Divens (C), Jason Bradford 12817 Doug Drahnak (C), Jason Bradford 12818 Lawrence Feltzin (C), Jason Bradford 12819 Tim Garth (C), Jason Bradford 12820 Duane Gamberg (C), Jason Bradford 12821 Steven Glovsky (C), Jason Bradford 12822 John Ignatowski (C), Jason Bradford 12823 Fred Keel (C), Jason Bradford 12824 Michael Laskosky (C), Jason Bradford 12825 Ken Lauher (C), Jason Bradford 12826 Terry McGuire (C), Jason Bradford 12827 Jason Mollett (C), Jason Bradford 12828 Graham Neale (C), Jason Bradford 12829 Patrik Nilson (C), Jason Bradford 12830 Stephen Nolte (C), Jason Bradford 12831 Bradley Mugar (C), Jason Bradford 12832 Sam Pagano (C), Jason Bradford 12833 Robert Pagini (C), Jason Bradford 12834 Brian Radford (C), Jason Bradford 12835 Carol Turner (C), Jason Bradford 12836 Scott Wax (C), Jason Bradford 12837 Anton West (C), Jason Bradford 12838 Robert Young (C), Jason Bradford 12839 Mark Gagliardi (C), 12840 Greg DeLong (C), Website 12841 Hugh W. Vann III (C, US), Frank Clark. 12842 Chuck Hess (C), Benny Bolin 12843 Ronald D. Brubaker, PO Box 61, Reedlev, CA 93654- 0061 (C, Small Size FRNs), Benny Bolin 12844 Michael Hendrix, 106 Fisk Rd, Adams, MA 01220 (C, US), Benny Bolin 12845 Jim Cahill, 361 Oswego Court, West New York, NJ 07093 (C, Confederate), Website 12846 Charles R. Hosch (C), Benny Bolin 12847 Phillip Danna, 3617 Inverness Grove Ave, North Las Vegas, NV 89081 (C), Frank Clark 12848 George Parola, 43 Oakfield Ave, Freeport, NY 11520- 1935 (C, US Large, Nationals), Website 12849 Jean Pierre Fourlegnie, 10365 Baywood Lane, San Diego, CA 92126 (C, South America, US Obsoletes), Website May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money 12850 Cecil E. Winslow Jr., 618-524 N. Boylan Ave, Raleigh, NC 27603 (Confederate, North Carolina Obsoletes), Website 12851 Floyd Nace, 2704 Neal St, Hampton, VA 23661 (C, Confederate, Southern States Currency), Frank Clark 12852 Paul Quist (C), Frank Clark 12853 Murphy Hernandez (C), Frank Clark 12854 Brian Malamphy (C), Lowell Horwedell 12855 Robert A. Ciavola, 751 Washington St Lot 3A, Auburn, MA 01501 (C), Frank Clark 12856 Paul V. Anderson, 57 Warren St, Norwich, CT 06360-3649 (C, US Small, MPC, Canada), Tom Denly 12857 Carlos Mateus (C), Frank Clark 12858 Rodney L. Harman (C), Frank Clark SPMC NEW MEMBERS - 03/03/2009 These memberships expire 12/31/2009 12859 Delmas Whitacare (C & D), Frank Clark 12860 Theodore H. Mayer, 101 Piney Woods Court Apt 122, Houston, TX (C), Frank Clark 12861 Bob Gustrowsky, 17-B Kingery Quarter #107, Burr Ridge, IL 60527 (C), Frank Clark 12862 Robert Alessi (C), Jason Bradford 12863 Santiago Aragon (C), Jason Bradford 12864 Bangor Coins & Collectibles (C), Jason Bradford 12865 Daren Barry (C), Jason Bradford 12866 Gamy Carlson (C), Jason Bradford 12867 Michael Chapman (C), Jason Bradford 12868 Thai Dang (C), Jason Bradford 12869 James Eisner (C), Jason Bradford 12870 William Monty Farmer (C), Jason Bradford 12871 John Haywood (C), Jason Bradford 12872 Paul Henry (C), Jason Bradford 12873 James P. Hoffa (C), Jason Bradford 12874 C.E. Kavanaugh (C), Jason Bradford 12875 Timothy Martin (C), Jason Bradford 12876 Glenn Matchett (C), Jason Bradford 12877 Gary McGuinn (C), Jason Bradford 12878 Precious Metals and Gems Inc. (C), Jason Bradford 12879 Celia Sukon (C), Jason Bradford 12880 Glenn Whittington (C), Jason Bradford 12881 Keith B. Turner, 301 Sir Stephen Court, Guyton, GA 31312 (C, Georgia Obsoletes, Nationals, Stars), James W. Miller 12882 Steven Cuddy, 761 Brandon Ave, Roanoke, VA 24015 (C, Errors & Fractionals), Frank Clark 12883 V. Gray Martin Jr. (C), Judith Murphy 12884 George Huguenin, 2324 S. Camino Seco, Tuscon, AZ 85710-7958 (C), Frank Clark 12885 Peter Trion, PO Box 10, Huntington, VT 05462 (C), Jamie Yakes 12886 Peter S. Walters, PO Box 5996-5996, Irvine, CA 92616, (C & D, US, Fractional, Obsoletes, MPC), Tom Denly 12887 Robert T. O'Boyle (C), Benny Bolin 12888 Tim Moran (C), Website 12889 Ronald J. Hardcastle, 535 Stevens Ave, Ely, NV 89301 (C, MPC, Silver Certificates), Paper Money Values 12890 Jose 0. Busto (C), Website 12891 Raymond C. Bargabus, 3856 Butternut Dr, St. George, KS 66535-9643 (C, $1 and $2 Notes), Paper Money Values 12892 David Davies, 545 Chadwick St, Pensacola, FL 32503 (C, Silver Certificates, Legal Tenders), Tom Denly LIFE MEMBERSHIP LM388 Joseph E. Boling converted from 3967 LM389 Van A. Holden converted from 12502 LM390 Isabelo Toledo converted from 10823 LM391 Lawrence Schuffinan converted from 19823 •:• Laura Kessler and Jason Bradford Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 223 Bradford/Kessler head PCGS Currency buy-out S PMC MEMBER AND SUPPORTER JASON BRADFORD leads a group that has purchased PCGS Currency from Collector's Universe, principals announced effective Feb. 4, 2009. In the last two years Bradford and PCGS has become the major source of new memberships to the Society, and Bradford has won SPMC's Nathan Goldstein Member Recruitment Award. "Effective February 4, 2009, PCGS Currency is no longer a division of Collectors Universe, Inc. The PCGS Currency division has been sold to a new company led by current management, including Jason W. Bradford, President, and Laura A. Kessler, Vice President," the official announcement said. According to details released, PCGS Currency will con- tinue to operate out of its current Newport Reach location, and clients were advised that all contact information and ship- ping info remained the same. PCGS Currency retained its website, population report data, Currency Set Registry pro- gram, as well as its currency message boards. "This is an exciting and important step for our compa- ny," said Bradford, who continued as both PCGS Currency President and lead grader/finalizer. "We have passed the start-up stage of our business, and arc now entering into an exciting time of growth that we feel can he managed better outside the confines of a publicly traded company. By moving our business to a private enterprise organization, we can take advantage of increased efficiencies and reduced overhead to provide better and faster service to our clients," Bradford said. "The company has not changed, despite the transition in ownership," added Kessler, who continues as Vice President of PCGS Currency and will continue to develop new and existing clients and services. "The grading standards have not changed and will not change, and our commitment to providing a consistent impartial opinion with integrity will only continue. PCGS Currency remains a name that collectors and dealers can trust implicitly." "Since our founding four years ago, Collectors Universe has been instrumental in providing our start-up capital making the effort to get our business launched from the ground up," continued Bradford. "Our association with Professional Coin Grading Service has been invaluable to our marketing efforts, and we will continue that association going forward as we are retain- ing the PCGS Currency name. We will work with PCGS to continue our cross-marketing efforts with both coin and cur- rency collectors to enhance our market penetration." "The transition to a private company will help us more quickly adapt and expand our services to clients, and will enable us to meet customer demand more quickly and effi- ciently," said Kessler. "We will focus our energies on speed- Mg up turnaround times, continuing to develop new ways for our clients to market their PCGS Currency-graded notes, and introducing new services and new Set Registry sets for collec- tors." r WANT ADS WORK FOR YOU We could all use a few extra bucks. Money Mart ads can help you sell duplicates, advertise wants, increase your collection, and have more fun with your hobby. Up to 20 words plus your address in SIX BIG ISSUES only $20.50/year!!!! * * Additional charges apply for longer ads; see rates on page opposite -- Send payment with ad Take it from those who have found the key to "Money Mart success" Put out your want list in "Money Mart" and see what great notes become part of your collecting future, too. (Please Print) ONLY $20.50 /YEAR ! ! ! (wow) 224 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Opposite: "Topics from the Ten, The Light of Liberty" dis- play at the BEP Visitors' Center in Washington, D.C. (a similar multi-case display was mounted in Fort Worth, Texas), placed on display simultaneous to the launch of the new $10 Federal Reserve Note in 2006. The work of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing has included a number of engrav- ings that depict Liberty. Bureau designers and engravers have used both traditional symbolism and contemporaneous imagery to portray her virtues and to convey American ideals. Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 THE LIGHT OF LIBERTY BY BEP HISTORICAL RESOURCE CENTER STAFF LIBERTY HAS BEEN SYMBOLIZED BY A LONG SUCCESSION OF IMAGES IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION. DEPICTED AS A WOMAN SINCE THIRD CENTURY B.C., AND AS AN ALLEGORICAL FIGURE OVER THE YEARS, SHE HAS RARELY GIVEN UP HER WOMANHOOD. IN ROME, IN A TEMPLE DEDICATED TO LIBERTY, SHE IS ROBED AND WEARS A TRADITIONAL LIMP, CLOSE-FITTING CONICAL PHRYGIAN CAP TO REPRESENT HERSELF AS A FREED SLAVE. OVER THE CENTURIES LIBERTY CONTINUED TO APPEAR IN CLASSICAL GARB, ACCOMPANIED BY AN EVOLVING INVENTORY OF SYMBOLS. FOLLOWING AMERICA'S INDEPENDENCE IN 1776, SHE WAS EQUIPPED WITH A LANCE, A HELMET, AND A SHIELD TO USE IN DEFENSE OE DEMOC- RACY. HER OTHER ATTRIBUTES WOULD INCLUDE A TORCH, A COM- MON EMBLEM OF LIFE AND ENLIGHTENMENT, THE AMERICAN FLAG, A TABLET REPRESENTING THE LAW, AND THE FASCES, A SYMBOL OF UNITY AND POWER FROM ROMAN ANTIQUITY PORTRAYED AS A SET OF RODS IN THE FORM OF A BUNDLE WRAPPED AROUND AN AXE. 225 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money226 Album de la Construction de la Statue de la Liberte. Original albumen print taken in Paris about 1883 during construction of Statue of Liberty, showing the lower half of the statue, with the head and torch at its feet. (Albert Fernique, photographer, New York Public library) Completely assembled in the courtyard of the Paris workshop of Gaget, Gauthier, et Cie, Bartholdi's statue looms majestically above the roofs. The fifteen-story sculpture became the talk of Paris. (Photographer unknown, Collection of the Societe Miege et Buhler, Paris) HISTORY OF THE STATUE THE STATUE OF LIBERTY, AN ETERNAL SYMBOL OF HOPE, WAS BORN OUT OF TWO DEVASTATING CON- FLICTS IN THE MID-NINETEENTH CENTURY: THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AND THE FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR. LINCOLN'S ASSASSINATION IN 1865 GREATLY SHOCKED THE FRENCH AND PROMPTED FRENCH HISTORIAN EDOUARD DE LABOULAYE TO CONCEIVE A MONUMENT THAT HONORED THE MEMORY OF LINCOLN, THE EMANCIPATION OF THE SLAVES, AND THE ANNIERSAIZY OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE FOR WHICH FRANCE HAD FOUGHT. HE COMMISSIONED A YOUNG SUCCESSFUL FRENCH SCULPTOR NAMED FREDERIC-AUGUSTE BARTHOLDI, WHO IN 1870 DESIGNED A MODEL FOR A COLOSSAL STATUE THAT HE NAMED "LIBERTY ENLIGHTENING THE WORLD." ARCHITECT AND ENGINEER EUGEN EMMANUEL VIOLETT-LE-DUC, A RENOWNED THEORETICIAN RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RESTORATION OF NOTRE DAME, WAS HIRED TO WORK ON THE STATUE'S STRUCTURE. WHEN VIOLETT-LE-DUC DIED IN 1879, HE WAS REPLACED BY ENGINEER GUSTAVE EIFFEL, WHO TEN YEARS LATER WOULD ERECT HIS OWN MONUMENT THE EIFFEL TOWER. THE STATUE WAS COMPLETED IN PARIS AND PRESENTED TO AMERICA BY THE PEOPLE OF FRANCE IN 1884. ON OCTOBER 28, 1886, PRESIDENT GROVER CLEVELAND PRESIDED OVER A GALA DEDICTION CEREMONY ON BEDLOE'S ISLAND (RENAMED LIBERTY ISLAND IN 1 956). THAT NIGHT THE TORCH HELD HIGH IN THE HAND OF THE STATUE WAS LIGHTED. Nt THE WINCHESTER BANK itrglyritl 0107,1-1% it One Dollar , AA,/,f4. '44.--""'"`':'-"--)4441c' NATIONAL ('t . It II EN CY.' 4 -;. ---'Th ji itd.i.a.vs .:, s''"„„7'"`="__. 1 94111,; 1& V . 41$ A01;* 1) - 1- P-Viratlf4S. i With the a.t..6.Err.olitrr at Ilia,• tilloon - %. (,`, • 07Lao . ,.1.1=-Y.k.(D.CUSI, gr..; TE N DOI.144 i tY: "°' An Invitation from The NEW HAMPSHIRE CURRENCY STUDY Project Q. DAVID BOWERS and DAVID M. SUNI)MAN are involved in a long-term project to describe the history of all currency issued in the State of New Hampshire, as well as to compile a detailed registry of all known notes (whether for sale or not). Our area of interest ranges from early colonial times through the Revolutionary era, the state-chartered bank years (1792-1866), and the era of National Banks (1863-1935). This will result in a book under the imprimatur of the Society of Paper Money Collectors, with help from the New Hampshire Historical Society, the Smithsonian Institution, and others. Apart limn the above, David M. Sundman is president of Littleton Coin Company' and Q. David Bowers is a principal of American Numismatic Rarities, LLC, and both advertisers in the present book. For other commercial transactions and business, Teter to those advertisements. rte author, of OW II book, holding a Noe Series of 1902 SIO National Bank Note from West Derry, New Ilampshire, A typical NI I Obsolete Note, this from the (fiat pester Bank. .A Series of I982 SIO Brown 11a1 -1; from the Winchester National Bank This same building was used for the It'inchester Bank and its succeor, thr wiuchesiel. :National Rank. feller window circa 1910, Winchester National Bank I f you have New Hampshire currency orold records or correspondence relating to the same, or other items of historical interest, please contact us. In addition, Bowers and Sundman are avid collectors of these bills and welcome contact from anyone having items for sale. We will pay strong prices for any items we need! Visit the NI I Currency Study Project website: www.nItcurrettcy.cont. Find a listing of New I lampshire banks that issued currency, read sample chapters, and more. - A tosmArt, /• •■••7::?.., slolluilut MI=1111111111Eatilli1312=111 11111=1111=1:1=111111511 IftatE:alreSSWaS11111=121111 www.nhcurrcncy.com We look forward to hearing from you! The NEW HAMPSHIRE CURRENCY STUDY Project Box 539, Wolfeboro Falls, NH 03896 intoomlicu rre ricy.com ( inn - will be (onmilied to both authors.) Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 227 228 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Photograph of Liberty's torch and toes, 1886. By the winder of 1885, workers in Paris had begun the lengthy operation to dismantle and pack the statue for her transatlantic voyage to New York. When the two French ships transporting Liberty finally landed in the lower bay of New York harbor, the pieces were unloaded on Bedloe's Island. The Island was strewn with the surreal array of Libery's anatomy, where her titanic toes became a great amusement to the press. (Unknown photographer, Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division) Stereograph showing the colossal arm of the Statue of Liberty bearing her torch at the Philadelphia International Centennial Exhibition of 1876. Fifty cents admission was charged to walk up the steps to the observation deck, with proceeds going to support American fund-raising efforts for the statue's pedestal. (Centennial Photographic Co., Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division) COME TO STACKS.COM tr's.,,:mt snn< [. J1C_rL1JW' AYIL"ii^YrpRp^etuOCis K258SZ 357208- Itly,o9 Dot -.1795,Irrottr-^ 4t . ry, 0 N C1,-:?5008777 CTIVITY IN THE PAPER MONEY MARKET is stron- ger than ever! We have been cherrypicking certified notes for their eye appeal, brightness of colors, excellent margins, and overall appearance, with an emphasis on popular designs and types, many of which are featured in 100 Greatest it Currency Notes by Q. David Bowers and David Sandman. WE ARE CONSTANTLY ADDING TO INVENTORY but most items are one-of-a-kind in our stock; therefore we suggest you visit our website and call immediately to make a purchase. RECEIVE OUR PAPER MONEY MAGAZINE, THE Paper Money Review. This full color publication highlights paper money in our inventory, as well as articles and features about this fascinating collecting specialty. To receive your copy send us an invoice of a previous paper money purchase. Or, if you place an order for any paper money totaling $1,000 or more you will receive the Paper Money Review AND a per- sonally autographed copy of 100 Greatest American Currency Notes with our compliments. U.S. COINS • ANCIENT AND WORLD COINS • MEDALS • PAPER MONEY "chi eic,; , t xler/ Olt )/4 L.')Tr/(17.72,o ill/ v't We are pleased to announce the ongoing sales of the greatest hoard of bank-note printing plates, dies, and other material ever assembled. The American Bank Note Company (ABNCo) was formed in 1858 by combining seven of the most important bank note engraving firms then in business. Hundreds of printing plates and other artifacts were brought into the merger, and survive today. To these are added many other items made by ABNCo from 1858 onward, a museum quality selection. In sales in 2007 Stack's will continue to bring to market hundreds of bank note printing plates, vignette dies, cylinder dies, and other art ilacts, each unique. These items are so rare that most numismatic museums and advanced collectors do not have even a single vignette die, cylinder die, or plate! I f you would like to have more information, contact us by mail, phone, fax, or on our website. This is an absolutely unique opportunity! kit P•N•g CHECK OUT OUR OFFERING TODAY. WANT LISTS AccarED! Stack's New York City; 123 West 57th Street • New York, NY 10019-2280 • Toll free: 800/566/2580 • Telephone 212/582-2580 • Fax 12/ 215 50 B Stack's Wolfeboro, NH: P.O. Box 1804 • Wolfeboro, NH 03894 • Toll-free 866/811-1804 • 603/569-0823 • Fax 6031569-3875 • www star ks con Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 229 TuKrANiTt;i1S.TAITS W.-WEI:1 RA Coutrbruitte iltittrs of tnrrica "'ht. u■..,:emt 144, ■ , 411441.4.0%, ,•Ttr,7 PIERRE FRICKE SPINK._ „...„..„... _ CPW/3 230 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Y - Engraved model, $10 Federal Reserve Note, Series 2004A, face. Print includes the numeral "10" printed in optical vari- able ink as well as a representation of the Statue of Libery's torch printed in "Copper with Chrome" metallic ink. Engraver of the torch, which is highlighted, was Kenneth Kipperman. NEW! Confederate Paper Money Book - Field Edition 2008 — by Pierre Fricke Portable (6x9, 2.5 lbs), 456 pages, quality hard back, full color. "Pierre Fricke's 2008 book is the primary reference source for any collector of CSA paper money. It is laid out well for anyone to comprehend and understand...this book is a must for all." McNair Tornow, CSA Collector • More than 100 people's input included • 100 pages of introductory material including history, ways to collect, and the only photo grading guide for CSA currency • Values for type notes in choice, average, cut- cancelled and impaired quality for each grade • Values for rare varieties, counterfeit types and CSA bonds & updated market analysis • Type and rare variety condition census • Hundreds of color pictures drawn from the most extensive type and variety collections Please send $40 ppd. to: Pierre Fricke, P.O. Box 52514, Atlanta, GA 30355 Personalized and Signed by Author www.csaquotes.com ilLarRiC31F0111111110,1r • •_111t$M15011WVII 00000 171.)11,VAtilt' I t•Etaint.:13,11 -10ALINIS-S 1•Ns: 1 1111:15%%„pgr„:TH.E.:51,s(dt. 1q52- 7 AnT APPilly,S1D AP•41,24,1ar7 ONE THOTASAN 11)3 1)11MIGAIIS. .•••.<4,6,14,'.4gebtrIo.44:07,444.•••■•1•0••, ..../...4.4; x • ••••••••/4 ro..../....C......•••••,•4:'..,..4Z-4.04...4-4. 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'.,,r,"••••1*•••••liwies/A•ro.vici4a, ,94 .....,!,,,“...d44`...C....rt•v, ■ 7 •+4,A..r, ,,... .„,. ••••‘,4.441,.....e..4.‘,41.•••••(••-• i; ■••,•■•f..". ••••••', ... 4••••twowar44.1:••••ike.A rrobli1.0%.4 4•4';•• ■ • • . •••■••••‘, , '''''Art04,4 .. :. •,, • •••••44.1 ,...,,.... 4.0,41 41,V.A.,, ,•••,,4••■•4,•,-.. ' ' •••4"4,41.4.-Y^. •••3::' ::,f;••,.._l-AFL:e;:fil:;,• ... 4,•••••••,4•,•••44;,..iiia••••4••44.16.#04,••••,•!....A. •4 ''''.4#04.r7 .,1$••,....4.0.as• :;.•*•it•i'.•.•,"r•4(..14,•p***,44:*•?..7; ,,,,,Z.•";•••,•••,;•••+.) ,44.K.t..i.:../.,•••••,,,:, Aim.Stbe••••44. ...A . •=4; ,I...e.i t.y•Xl,,,w..:••••. ;,•; •:Z• avg.4,4,4.5i.•• ' A.;V,48.1.4d* . ,00000 WASH INGTON,D .JU N I5,i917. $100 rSj Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 231 0 Firstir t Liberty Loan Bond of 1917, face. The Statue of Liberty appears on the right side of the bond with a portrait of Abraham Lincoln on the left. Liberty Loan bonds were printed and issued to finance the United States' efforts in World War I. Date of issue was June 15, 1917. Engraver of the Statue of Liberty vignette was Marcus W. Baldwin in 1917. Charles Burt engraved the Lincoln portrait die in 1869. THE STATUE AS A SYMBOL TODAY THE STATUE OF LIBERTY IS THE FEMALE EMBODIMENT OF PATRIOTISM AND HAS COME TO DEFINE THE AMERICAN IDENTITY. COMPLETED IN 1884, IT REMAINS A SYMBOL OF FREEDOM AND DEMOC- RACY THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. STANDING 305 FEET HIGH INCLUD- ING THE PEDESTAL, ALMOST EVERY ASPECT OF THE MONUMENTAL SCULP- TURE IS LADEN WITH THE SYMBOLISM OF LIBERATION AND ENLIGHTEN- MENT. SHE IS A MIGHTY WOMAN ESCAPING THE CHAINS OF TYRANNY, WHICH LIE AT HER FEET. HELD ALOFT IN HER RIGHT HAND IS A FLAMING TORCH SERVING AS A BEACON TO THE WORLD. HER LEFT HAND GRASPS A TABLET ON WHICH HAS BEEN INSCRIBED THE DATE THE UNITED STATES DECLARED ITS INDEPENDENCE (JULY 4, 1 776). SHE WEARS FLOWING ROBES AND A CROWN WITH SEVEN RAYS THAT JET OUT INTO THE SKY SYMBOLIZING THE SEVEN SEAS AND CONTINENTS. INFLUENCED BY EGYPT'S COLOSSAL MONUMENTS, BARTHOLDI DESIGNED LIBERTY AS BOTH LIGHTHOUSE AND PUBLIC SCULPTURE, HER TORCH, NOW A FAMIL- IAR ICON AND AN EMBODIMENT OF DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES AND FRANCO-AMERICAN FRIENDSHIP, HER GRANDEUR LIVES THROUGH THE IDEALS OF TRUTH, JUSTICE AND THE LAW. Vignette "Liberty Enlightening the World." Image used on the Liberty Loan of 1917 and on the back of the Series 1915/18 Federal Reserve Bank Notes. Engraved by Marcus W. Baldwin in 1917. .•••;.;.; lootiLL:C.N liacii7S X33 /WA: OrliAtoitaittitittlica*11 :wow :rwt...erx, A,..nyvy 232 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Proof of $20 National Bank Note. Vignette at right entitled "Loyalty" shows Liberty leading the faithful. r 7 0..1 . '' -44,4i, VD ' N ' . .- ,,,, 4, • • 1, ? 4440 i , :r 41111: it i , Sr ,„, .1 ' ' \ - ',Ai,, f ' , %/) i ■ . • •t> 1,L.1. 1104 i - ;',i, ,, ,,AP Ar,,..,\ Ar)14,, I 110ElOsigo- - tgAF . .. _ _ Z.. WA... ;4,41T•LAIN614■S:10161014;_ ,?,01`. 112r-tMEI:AZEVEZ015CM I 0 Z a 11 11 naMia• - • .1.11E44 . „ ii„ R lENSATRY A.V..atia#20.10A-- Proof of $20 Series 1869 U.S. Note. Liberty wears a helmet topped by an eagle and holds a staff with a Phrygian cap. Proof of $100 First Charter National Bank Note. Liberty apears with a fasces, the classic symbol of union and authority. The fasces is wrapped in a ribbon of laurel leaves to represent peace. Barely visible is the date 1787 that has been engraved twice into the surface on which the fasces rests, a direct reference to the Constitutional Convention held that year in Philadelphia. FF: E HAL B E SE }WE BAN h NOTE cazzarra--) -Wir""qt, Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 233 Proof Series 1915/18 $20 Federal Reserve Bank Note back. The vignettes on the note depict transportation by the air, land, and sea. In the background of the vignette at right is the Statue of Liberty. This is the first time the Statue appeared on U.S. federal paper money. Engraver of the vignettes was Marcus W. Baldwin. LIBERTY'S APPEARANCE ON CURRENCY AS AN ALLEGORICAL FEMALE FIGURE, LIBERTY HAS OFTEN BEEN A SOURCE OF IMAGERY FOR EARLIER ISSUES OF CURRENCY, WHERE SHE HAS APPEARED IN CLASSICAL GARB ACCOMPANIED BY AN EVOLVING INVENTO- RY OF SYMBOLS. USING BOTH TRADITIONAL SYMBOLISM AND CONTEM- PORANEOUS IMAGERY, BUREAU OF ENGRAVING AND PRINTING DESIGN- ERS AND ENGRAVERS CONTINUE TO EMPLOY HER IMAGE TO CONVEY AMERICAN IDEALS. LIBERTY LEADING THE FAITHFUL ON THE S20 NATIONAL CURRENCY (TOP OPPOSITE) WAS ENGRAVED BY ALFRED JONES. A VIGNETTE OF THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON APPEARS AT LEFT. LIBERTY WITI-I SHIELD AND STAFF ON THE $20 LEGAL TENDER NOTE (CENTER OPPOSITE) WAS ALSO ENGRAVED BY ALFRED JONES. A PORTRAIT OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON APPEARS AT LEFT. LIBERTY WITH FASCES ON THE $1 00 NATIONAL CURRENCY (BOTTOM OPPOSITE) WAS ENGRAVED BY AN UNKNOWN ENGRAVER. A REPRESENTATION OF THE BATTLE OF LAKE ERIE APPEARS AT LEFT. Vignette entitled "Union and Civilization" by George F.C. Smillie. In this image Liberty holds a torch and fasces. Originally engraved in 1901 for use on the $20 national Currency, 1902, back, the vignette was re-engraved in 1921 and used on loan and bond certificates printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. ti" 94:2_ 2!. 7r° INDUSTRY.AGRICULTURE FOR DEFENSE 234 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Artwork and model approv- ing production of the stamp lc Statue of Liberty National Defense postage stamp, 1940. Designer was William A. Roach. these items were on display only at the Western Currency Facility display in Fort Worth, Texas. STATUE OF LIBERTY AND NATIONAL DEFENSE A STAMP COLLECTOR, PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT DESIGNED A GROUP OF THREE POSTAGE STAMPS ON THE EVE OF THE U.S. ENTRY INTO WORLD WAR II. KNOWN AS THE NATIONAL DEFENSE SERIES, THESE STAMPS WERE ISSUED TO MAKE AMERICANS AWARE OF THE NEED FOR A STRONG NATIONAL DEFENSE AND THE POSSIBILITY OF U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN THE WAR. THE APPROVED MODEL INCLUDES ROOSEVELT'S INITIALS AND HIS AUTHORIZATION TO PRODUCE THE STAMP WITH THE WORD "OK." es Deal with the Leading Auction Company in United States Currency Fr. 379a $1,000 1890 T.N. Grand Watermelon Sold for $1,092,500 Fr. 183c $500 1863 L.T. Sold for $621,000 Fr. 328 $50 1880 S.C. Sold for $287,500 Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 235 Currency Auctions If you are buying notes... You'll find a spectacular selection of rare and unusual currency offered for sale in each and every auction presented by Lyn Knight Currency Auctions. Our auctions are conducted throughout the year on a quarterly basis and each auction is supported by a beautiful "grand format" catalog, featuring lavish descriptions and high quality photography of the lots. Annual Catalog Subscription (4 catalogs) $50 Call today to order your subscription! 800-243-5211 If you are selling notes... Lyn Knight Currency Auctions has handled virtually every great United States currency rarity. We can sell all of your notes! Colonial Currency... Obsolete Currency... Fractional Currency... Encased Postage... Confederate Currency... United States Large and Small Size Currency... National Bank Notes... Error Notes... Military Payment Certificates (MPC)... as well as Canadian Bank Notes and scarce Foreign Bank Notes. We offer: • Great Commission Rates • Cash Advances • Expert Cataloging • Beautiful Catalogs Call or send your notes today! If your collection warrants, we will be happy to travel to your location and review your notes. 800-243-5211 Mail notes to: Lyn Knight Currency Auctions P.O. Box 7364, Overland Park, KS 66207-0364 We strongly recommend that you send your material via USPS Registered Mail insured for its full value. Prior to mailing material, please make a complete listing, including photocopies of the note(s), for your records. We will acknowledge receipt of your material upon its arrival. If you have a question about currency, call Lyn Knight. He looks forward to assisting you. (X/i/yht Currency Auctions 8On-243-5211 - 913-338-3779 - Fax 913-338-4754 Email: lvn@lvnknight.com - support@' , 1ynknighfcorn Whether you're buying or selling, visit our website: www.lynknight.com 236 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money Four selected for SPMC board posts FOUR SPMC MEMBERS QUALIFIED FOR ELEC-tion to the Society Board of Governors this time around. Thus, no general membership election is necessary. The Secretary will cast a vote in favor of each member to serve in this important capacity at our Memphis Board Meeting. Mark B. Anderson Current SPMC Vice President, Mark Anderson has been a paper money collector since the age of 11. He began collecting when he received, to him, an unusual bill in change on a bus in 1967. Over time he has formed collections of Spanish, Swedish, and United States paper money, including Wisconsin National Bank Notes. Within the first year of his collecting, Mark's father, Burnett, became interested in coins. This led to the elder Anderson's long second career with Krause Publications. Until Burnett's death in 1998, father and son often traveled to shows and auctions together. A veteran of commercial banking in the metropolitan New York market, Mark is a longtime member of the SPMC (member #7300) and the IBNS. He served nine years as SPMC Treasurer, and is currently Vice President of Spink- Smythe. On the SPMC board Mark has championed numis- matic research and education, and updating of SPIVIC bylaws. Shawn Hewitt Shawn's interest in paper money began at the age of 10 in 1974 when his parents gave him a Silver Certificate. Four years later he joined the Society of Paper Money Collectors. That membership forged a lifelong passion for the hobby, he says. Acquiring knowledge about paper money, especially Minnesota notes, led to research to find answers to questions that had not been asked before. After years of study and collecting of Minnesota obsoletes, he coauthored A History & Catalog of Minnesota Obsolete Bank Notes & Scrip, which set a new stan- dard in state publications. He has been employed by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis for nearly 24 years in the Research Department. With wife Cheryl, Shawn founded and promotes the Cambridge Antique Fair, a 300-dealer show held on the first weekend of August, now in it 18th year. As a board member, he pledges to use his position to sup- port academic-quality research that results in the fine articles that we have seen in Paper Money, and books that bring the history of paper money alive. He would also like to explore SPMC sponsoring the controlled-printing of ABNCo bank note plates that are now in the hands of collectors. Michael B. Scacci Michael has been been involved in the hobby since 1968, first as a coin collector and then seeking greater challenge/ reward as a collector of paper money. He has been a member of numerous hobby organiza- tions and is a life member of the INA & CSNS. He has chaired several state numismatic shows, and frequently has given presen- tations about collecting paper money to local organizations. A graduate of Iowa State University with a double major in Finance & Economics, Michael has been a banker for 30 years. Scacci is past president of several groups including the Kiwanis, YMCA, LifeWorks and the local Humane Society. He is currently the president of the Blanden Charitable Foundation and the Fort Dodge Creditor's Scholarship Trust. Scacci says he would like to see SPMC grow as well as the hobby itself. Since he has enjoyed the benefits of the orga- nization for many years, he would like to give back to it by being more involved in its future. "I think that my many years experience with non-profit and numismatic organizations can be used to help the Society continue to grow and help benefit the hobby overall," he said. Wendell Wolka Wendell needs no intro- duction to most SPMC mem- bers, having served our Society in many positions (including President) for more than 30 years. A collector since age eight, he enjoys obsolete paper money (particularly Ohio and the three Indiana State Banks), high denomination world notes, Confederate 1864 $5s by signer pairs. In addition to our SPMC board, Wendell serves on boards of the ANA, CSNS, and IBNS. He is a frequent author, writer, exhibitor, judge, instructor, and speaker on paper money subjects. Wendell has received an ANA Presidential Award, Numismatic Ambassador Award, and a various SPMC awards including our Founders Award. He believes that the three most critical things to deal with are new member recruitment / existing member reten- tion, financial stability, and member services. Benny Bolin and Judith Murphy Outgoing President Benny Bolin declined to run for relection to his seat on the SPMC board, with which he will continue to be involved as an advisor in the role of Past President. Also declining relection is longtime board member and Past President Judith Murphy, who will continue to serve the Society as she has for many years as our Regional Coordinator. • Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 237 Tennessee scrip project wins 9th Wait Award D ENNIS SCHAFLUETZEL'S AND TOM CARSON'Swork in progress Tennessee Obsolete Currency has won the 9th annual George W. Wait Award for paper money research leading to a book-length publication. The award carries a $500 stipend. The Society of Paper Money Collectors is chartered "to promote, stimulate, and advance the study of paper money and other financial documents in all their branches, along educa- tional, historical and scientific lines." The George W. Wait Memorial Prize is available annual- ly to assist researchers engaged in important research leading to publication of book length works in the paper money field. It is named after George W. Wait, a founder and former SPMC President, who was instrumental in launching the Society's successful publishing program. The George W. Wait Memorial Prize is established to memorialize his achievements/contributions to this field in perpetuity. The new Wait winners are familiar to readers of Paper Money. Both have authored articles for this journal. They also issued Chattanooga Money a CD book in 2003, which covers all areas of numismatic material (obsolete bank notes, merchant scrip, depression scrip, coupons, national bank notes and tokens) from Chattanooga. The CD contains 1000+ color images of nearly all known material from the city, including items from the authors' collections, museums and material from two dozen leading collectors and dealers. Extensive research was included on each subject to provide the back- ground of the issuer and the people involved. Their work also includes census information of Chattanooga obsolete bank notes and national bank notes. Carson is an expert consultant and technical trainer in use of Acrobat. Their CD book was written in HTML and imported into Adobe Acrobat and sold on a CD. The elec- tronic format allows continuous updating, and the CD book has been updated 13 times since the initial edition was released in May 2003. Most recent update was last fall. The new effort is intended to supplement and supercede Paul Garland's The History of Early Tennessee Banks and Their Issues, published in 1983. Schafluetzel credits Garland with sparking his interest in Tennessee obsoletes. Research on this new book commenced several years ago when the authors discovered a copy of Charlie Sedman's col- lection of Tennessee merchant scrip in 2003, containing a list- ing and photocopies of 279 notes. Sedman agreed to let Schafluetzel and Carson use it as a starting point to publishing a reference on Tennessee merchant scrip. Since then they have gathered images and information on 600+ pieces of scrip that had not been documented. Images of these notes and also all the scrip notes that were listed in Garland's book have been researched and published on a restricted access website (open to all SPMC members and other researchers). The site has approximately 1,043 scrip notes listed, 800 high quality color images, and research on most issuers. The website is located at www.schafluetzel.org. If you click on Tennessee Merchant Scrip link it will ask for your user name "SPMC" and password "SPMC6000." SPMC must be capitalized and do not use quotation marks. When the title page appears, select one of 100+ Tennessee cities, counties or railroads to view known merchant scrip from that location. According to the author's Wait application proposal, their new book will include all obsolete Tennessee notes including bank notes in both print as well as in electronic format. Their approach will be to continue to build the reference on a web- site that SPMC members can access, and solicit members to access the partly completed reference, contribute historical information, color images and listings of the scrip for inclu- sion. A CD version will be continuously updated. They "have been waiting to publish until after the historic Schingoethe sales are complete to assure we include the wealth of their material. Since the last sale is schedule for June 2009 in Memphis we plan to begin the effort to publish after that sale," the authors stated. Coverage will include histories of the issuers, rarity esti- mates, pricing information, census on rare issues and high quality color images. Catalog numbers will include a open numbering system that allows new finds to be inserted by any- one. Reference to previous works by Garland, Haxby and oth- ers will also be included. "We expect to make this the new model for creation of books in this field," they add. Five individuals and one group have previously been awarded the George W. Wait Memorial Prize. Each received the maximum award. 1st annual Wait winner was Robert S. Neale for a book on antebellum Bank of Cape Fear, NC, The Bank of Cape Fear of Wilmington, North Carolina; a history of North Carolina's first antebellum bank and its paper money, branches, key personnel, and local impact (1999). The 2nd went to Forrest Daniel for a manuscript on small size War of 1812 Treasury Notes, published in our S/O 2008 issue. Gene Hessler was honored for a book on international bank note engravers that was published as The International Engraver's Line (2005). Honorees also have included R. Shawn Hewitt and Charles Parrish for their book on Minnesota obsolete notes which was published as A History c'9" Catalog - of Minnesota Obsolete Bank Notes and Scrip (2006), Michael Reynard for The Complete Guide to Check Collecting (2006), and Matt Janzen for a work on Wisconsin nationals. Twice, no awards were made. Further information on the work is available from the authors. Dennis Schafluetzel may be reached at 1900 Red Fox Lane, Hixson, TN 37343-3540, (423) 842-5527 or Dennis@Schafluetzel.org [.] Tom Carson's address is 5712 North Morgan Lane, Chattanooga, TN 37415-1513, (423) 580-8115 or HTCarson@comcast.net [.] I may be wrong, but . . . AS WE LOOK AT THE YEAR I WONDER WHAT'S•n store for the paper money hobby. Here are some thoughts: No matter what one's financial circumstances are, I believe that collectors are going to be less willing to stretch for that note, or notes, on their want lists. Already, some of the high end (stratospheric zone) notes have been rejected at auc- tion, by not drawing the reserve amount. Is this an indication that a bubble may be cracking? I recall the early 1980s and the huge drop that large size type notes took on the way down. Of course, if you held them long enough; for many years, you would have eventually been able to sell them for more than you had paid in those euphoric times when notes seemed to only increase in value. The greater fool theory said that whatever you bought today could be sold for more tomorrow, to a bigger fool than yourself. I believe that some of the prices being paid for notes today are not sustainable. I hope I'm wrong. Most can take comfort in knowing that I usually am; wrong that is. Some folks may become disillu- sioned and leave the hobby as they discover that the notes they paid dearly for have decreased in value; 11 occurs to me... Steve Whitfield i.e. what the item would realize at auction minus seller fees and opportunity costs. I see this especially possible in the pro liferation of made-for collector items by the BEP. The Bureau seems to be following in the Mint's footsteps as it seeks more revenue. This reminds me of the collector plate and commemora- tive silver bar mania of years back. "Plate #1 is now worth $200, so order our latest release (limit 5 per customer) and get rich." Values quoted for such collector/investor items hint at a terrific opportunity for profit, but the reality is that it will take many years for the value to approach its initial cost, if ever. Buy and prepare for the long haul to be very long. Rarity and condition are key ingredients of any note's value. Artistic beauty, history and location of issue are others. One of these key criteria is clearly missing in made-for collec- tor items. The Bureau can make pretty Federal Reserve notes that will grade 68 or 69, and produce them by the thousands. But unless they severely limit production, the item will never be rare. However, if you really like them, and are not hoping for profit, have fun and buy them. So what should we do to maintain interest in our hobby during these trying economic times? Expect to see new refer- ence books, so put aside some of your hobby budget to expand your horizons. Or write a book yourself on your area of inter- est. Instead of breaking the bank reaching for that last, unique national, start a new branch of interest. For example, consider worldwide currency. Or pursue a lower graded set of those Gold Certificates you're chasing; say VF rather than MS 65, and sell the 65s while the price is still high! May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money You too can report ONE OF THE GREAT THINGS ABOUT HAVINGthe "bully pulpit" if you are the President of the United States is that you can get a half hour in prime time on network TV to espouse your views. If you are the Editor of Paper Money, the "bully pulpit" normally gets your articles published in the magazine in clue course. Of all the articles I've written for this magazine over the years the recent article on the private currency initiative called BerkShares struck the most responsive chord with readers evi- dently. I got a "deluge" of fan mail (six emails), and the article was also recommended in the Sunday evening weekly elec- tronic newsletter eSylum. It took about a year to pull that together, and it couldn't have been done without the coopera- tion of ace local photographer Jason Houston, but really I did very little to pull the information together in a publishable form. It was a fairly easy article to do. The point I want to make is this: You have a "bully pul- pit" here, too. This is a members' publication, the purpose of which is to publish Society news and YOUR articles for other members' entertainment and education. The second point I want to make is that there are all sorts of private currencies springing up across our financially beleaguered nation, one of which is probably sprouting right in your own backyard. Why don't you, fine Reader, gather up the information on a local currency in your neck of the woods, and report on it here. Let's get these items down "on the record" while the information is fresh and available. If you are interested in a local set of notes, I can promise you others will be too. Although these local currencies are not intended as col- lectibles, we paper money aficionados can assuredly attest they are indeed that. One of the emailers wanted to know how to get a full set of BerkShares. A century from now, when most of these local bills have served their purpose in circulation and wasted away, a coming generation of collectors will be glad you/we took the time to record the specifics of their circula- tion. Look at the century-old issues of The Numismatist, which is replete with details on locally-issued scrip and tokens, which often represents our only handy source of information on these items when we pick them up for our collections. We've got blank pages and an interested readership here. Wileipedia lists more than 90 local currencies in the United States, and additional similar local issues in South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Italy, Latvia, and Australia. I'd be delighted to feature a different local currency in every issue until we put them all down "on the record." 238 70 pajney.ilirri_ Olde City NUMISMATICS (215) 738-6433 www.OldeCityOnline.com DO YOU COLLECT FISCAL PAPER? Write about your specialty for Paper Money Articles on checks, bonds, stocks Always wanted Our SPMC Journal exists to fulfill our mandate to promote education in all these fiscal paper areas So spread your knowledge around to our members DBR Currency www.DBRCurrency.com P.O. Box 28339 San Diego, CA 92198 Phone: 858-679-3350 Fax: 858-679-75-5 • Large size type notes Especially FRNs and FRBNs • Large star Notes • 1928 $500s and $1000s • National Bank Notes • Easy to sort database By date added to Web site By Friedberg number All or part of any serial # •Insightful market commentary •Enlarge and magnify images Are you planning a show? Want to have a paper money meeting? Would you like to have free copies of Paper Money magazine to distribute to attendees? Contact Judith Murphy P.O. Box 24056, Winston-Salem, NC 27114 oldpaper@yadtel.net DO YOU COLLECT FISCAL PAPER? Join the American Society of Check Collectors http://members.aol.com/asccinfo or write to Lyman Hensley, 473 East Elm St., Sycamore, IL 60178. Dues are $13 per year for US residents, $17 for Canadian and Mexican residents, and $23 for those in foreign locations. Paper Money • May/June • Whole No. 261 239 Buying & Selling Quality Collector Currency •Colonial & Continental Currency •Fractional Currency •Confederate & Southern States Currency • Confederate Bonds •Large Size & Small Size Currency Always BUYING All of the Above Call or Ship for Best Offer Free Pricelist Available Upon Request James Polls 4501 Connecticut Avenue NW Suite 306 Washington, DC 20008 (202) 363-6650 Fax: (202) 363-4712 E-mail: Jpolis7935@aol.com Member: SPMC, FCCB, ANA Sellers of High Quality U.S. Paper Money LITTLETON COIN COMPANY • SERVING COLLECTORS for OVER 60 YEARS Selling your collection? Call Littleton! you've worked hard to build your paper money collection. When it's time to sell, you want a company that's as thorough and attentive as you are. At Littleton, our team of professionals is ready to offer you expert advice, top-notch service, and a very strong cash offer. See why collectors like you have rated this family-owned company so highly. Call us at 1 - 877 - 857 - 7850 and put Littleton's 100+ years of combined buying experience to work for you! 7 Reasons you should sell to Littleton... 1 Receive top dollar for your collection - immediately 2 Quick turnaround - accept our offer and we'll send you a check the very same day 3 Single notes to entire collections 4 Deal with a company that has a solid reputation built from more than 60 years of service 5 You can rely on our professionals for accuracy and expert advice 6 Why travel? Send us your collection, or if it's too large and value requires, we'll come to you - call for details 7 Each year we spend over $15 million on coins and paper money - isn't it time for your check? Maynard Sundman David Sundman Jim Reardon Butch Caswell Founder President, Numisnu list Chief Numismatist Senior Numismatist (1915-2007) (ANA LAI 04463, PN(: 4'510) Ken Westover Numismatist Littleton Coin Company 1309 Mt. Eustis Road • Littleton NH 03561-3735 Contact us: Toll Free: (877) 857-7850 Toll-Free Fax: /877) 850-3540 CoinBuy@LittletonCoin.cons References: Bank of America Dun & Bradstreet #01-892-9653 America's Favorite Coin Source • TRUSTED SINCE 1945 02008 LCC. LLC LittletonCoin.com/SellYourCoins 04.1911 404E14(0. ,,a1-0. 11.1m0111_,LiNi 10.10Ailtill;j 4.-Va,gar513.1a... -.) 2 . ..r ,ri ii - 1.111.: r . 11,1.:1) slItTns ( ) 17.1.mniticA. frii 1 1i 2 WANTED: All types — Legal Tenders, Silver Certificates, Nationals, Federal Reserve Notes and more. ,x01:00.zrialt01141,1 Hank.0: 240 May/June • Whole No. 261 • Paper Money OUR MEMBERS SPECIALIZE IN NATIONAL CURRENCY They also specialize in Large Size Type Notes, Small Size Currency, Obsolete Currency, Colonial and Continental Currency, Fractionals, Error Notes, MPC's, Confederate Currency, Encased Postage, Stocks and Bonds, Autographs and Documents, World Paper Money... and numerous other areas. THE PROFESSIONAL CURRENCY DEALERS ASSOCIATION is the leading organization of OVER 100 DEALERS in Currency, Stocks and Bonds, Fiscal Documents and related paper items. • Hosts the Please visit • Encourages • Sponsors the Money Convention, • Publishes several of these booklets • Is a proud PCDA annual National and World Paper Money Convention each fall in St. Louis, our Web Site pcdaonline.com for dates and location. public awareness and education regarding the hobby of Paper Money Collecting. John Hickman National Currency Exhibit Award each June at the Memphis as well as Paper Money classes at the A.N.A.'s Summer Seminar series. "How to Collect" booklets regarding currency and related paper items. can be found in the Membership Directory or on our Web Site. supporter of the Society of Paper Money Collectors. Missouri. Paper Availability To be assured of knowledgeable, professional, and ethical dealings when buying or selling currency, look for dealers who proudly display the PCDA emblem. The Professional Currency Dealers Association For a FREE copy of the PCDA Membership Directory listing names, addresses and specialties of all members, send your request to.. PCDA Terry Coyle - Secretary P.O. Box 246 • Lima, PA 19037 (610) 627-1212 Or Visit Our Web Site At: www.pcdaonline.com HERITi4GE MyWantListT is free and e and only at www.HA.com . een sears ing for that missing piece for yo Ilection... Heritage's MyWant ervice will find it fo ou, sometimes within 4 hours! You tell us what you're looking for and we notify you within a day of its availability. We provide easy, no obligation email alerts every time what you desire comes into our auctions or inventory. You get a direct link to images and pricing where you can make the final determination. Let us find what you've been looking for with Heritage's MyWantListTM. Receive a free copy of a catalog from any Heritage category. Register online at HA.com/SPMC16357 or call 866-835-3243 and mention reference SPMC16357. The World's #1 Numismatic Auctioneer HERITAGE 04uctim Gailaie& www.HA.com Annual Sales Exceeding $700 Million • 425,000+ Online Registered Bidder-Members 3500 Maple Avenue, 17th Floor • Dallas, Texas 75219-3941 • or visit HA.com 214-528-3500 • FAX: 214-409-1425 • e-mail: Consign@HA.com This auction subject to a 15% buyer's premium.