Paper Money - Vol. XXVII, No. 6 - Whole No. 138 - November - December 1988

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THE GALMADY CHILDREN VOL. XXVII No. 6 WHOLE NO. 138 The name in rare coin auctions for U.S. paper currency Every Kagin auction features a large and varied selection of U.S. paper money to please both the generalist and the specialist. Whether you wish to buy or sell, take advantage of the Kagin reputation for service, experience and collector orientation. To arrange a consignment or to order a catalog, call us at 1-800-367-5428 Kagin's Numismatic Auctions, Inc., 1388 Sutter, Suite 700, San Francisco, CA 94109 SOCIETY OF PAPER :MONEY COLLECTORS, INC. Official Bimonthly Publication of The Society of Paper Money Collectors, Inc. Vol. XXVII No. 6 Whole No. 138 NOV. /DEC. 1988 ISSN 0031-1162 GENE HESSLER, Editor P.O. Box 8147 St. Louis, MO 63156 Manuscripts and publications for review should be addressed to the Editor. Opinions expressed by the authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect those of SPMC or its staff. PAPER MONEY re- serves the right reject any copy. Deadline for editorial copy is the 10th of the month preceding the month of publication (e.g., Feb. 10th for March/April issue, etc.). Camera ready advertising copy will be accepted up to three weeks beyond this date. IN THIS ISSUE THE CALMADY CHILDREN David Ray Arnold, Jr. 173 MONEY TALES Forrest Daniel 175 PAPER COLUMN SMALL NOTE MULES, NEW DATA FOR THE FIFTY-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE Peter Huntoon 176 A NEW SCRIP ISSUE DOCUMENTED FOR THE SUTLERS OF FT. RILEY, KS Steven Whitfield 179 JUDGE JOHN T. MORGAN Rodney Battles 180 JOSEPH KELLER, ENGRAVER Gene Hessler 182 PERCY HAMPTON JOHNSTON'S DAYS AS A BACKWOODS BANK EXAMINER Bob Cochran 188 SOCIETY FEATURES INTEREST BEARING NOTES 192 NEW MEMBERS 192 MONEY MART 192 Inquiries concerning non -delivery of PAPER MONEY should be sent to the secretary; for additional copies and back issues contact book coordinator. Addresses are on the next page. Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 169 PAPER MONEY is published every other month beginning in January by The Society of Paper Money Collectors. Sec- ond class postage paid at Dover, DE 19901. Postmaster send address changes to: Bob Cochran, Secretary, P.O. Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031. © Society of Paper Money Collectors, Inc., 1987. All rights reserved. Repro- duction of any article, in whole or in part, without express written permission, is prohibited. Annual Membership dues in SPMC are $20; life membership is $300. Individual copies of PAPER MONEY are $2.50. ADVERTISING RATES SPACE Outside 1 TIME 3 TIMES 6 TIMES Back Cover $152 $420 $825 Inside Front & Back Cover $145 $405 $798 Full Page $140 $395 $775 Half-page $75 $200 $390 Quarter-page $38 $105 $198 Eighth-page $20 $55 $105 To keep rates at a minimum, advertising must be prepaid in advance according to the above schedule. One-half of amounts in shaded area may be paid six months after initial payment. In exceptional cases where special artwork or extra typing are required, the advertiser will be notified and billed extra for them accordingly. Rates are not commissionable. Proofs are not supplied. Deadline: Copy must be in the editorial office no later than the 10th of the month preceding issue (e.g., Feb. 10 for March/April issue). Mechanical Requirements: Full page 42 x 57 picas; half-page may be either vertical or hor- izontal in format. Single column width, 20 picas. Halftones acceptable, but not mats or stereos. Page position may be requested but cannot be guaranteed. Advertising copy shall be restricted to paper currency and allied numismatic material and publications and accessories related thereto. SPMC does not guarantee advertisements but accepts copy in good faith, reserving the right to reject objectionable material or edit any copy. SPMC assumes no financial responsibility for typographical errors in advertisements, but agrees to reprint that portion of an advertise- ment in which typographical error should oc- cur upon prompt notification of such error. All advertising copy and correspondence \lis Should be sent to the Editor. Society of Paper Money Collectors OFFICERS PRESIDENT Roger H. Durand, P.O. Box 186. Rehoboth, MA 02769 VICE-PRESIDENT Richard J. Balbaton, 116 Fisher Street, N. Attleboro, MA 02760 SECRETARY Robert Cochran, P.O. Box 1085, Florissant, MO 63031 TREASURER Dean Oakes, Drawer 1456, Iowa City, IA 52240 APPOINTEES EDITOR Gene Hessler, P.O. Box 8147, St. Louis. MO 63156 MEMBERSHIP DIRECTOR Ron Horstman. P.O. Box 6011. St. Louis, MO 63139 BOOK SALES COORDINATOR Richard Balbaton, 116 Fisher Street, N. Attleboro, MA 02760. WISMER BOOK PROJECT Richard T. Hoober, P.O. Box 196, Newfoundland, PA 18445 LEGAL COUNSEL Robert J. Galiette, 10 Wilcox Lane, Avon, CT 06001 LIBRARIAN Wendell Wolka, P.O. Box 929, Goshen, IN 46426. PAST-PRESIDENT Larry Adams, P.O. Box 1, Boone, IA 50036 BOARD OF GOVERNORS Richard J. Balbaton, Charles Colver, Michael Crabb, Thomas W. Denly, Roger Durand, C. John Ferreri, Gene Hessler, Ronald Horstman, William Horton, Jr., Douglas Murray, Dean Oakes, Stephen Taylor. Frank Trask, John Wilson. Wendell Wolka. The Society of Paper Money Collectors was organ- ized in 1961 and incorporated in 1964 as a non- profit organization under the laws of the District of Columbia. It is affiliated with the American Numis- matic Association. The annual meeting is held at the Memphis IPMS in June. MEMBERSHIP - REGULAR and LIFE. Applicants must be at least 18 years of age and of good moral character. JUNIOR. Applicants must be from 12 to 18 years of age and of good moral character. Their application must be signed by a parent or a guardian. They will be preceded by the letter "j". This letter will be removed upon notification to the secretary that the member has reached 18 years of age. Junior members are not eligible to hold office or to vote. Members of the ANA or other recognized numis- matic societies are eligible for membership. Other applicants should be sponsored by an SPMC mem- ber or provide suitable references. DUES - Annual dues are $20. Life membership, payable in installments, is $300. Members who join the Society prior to Oct. 1st receive the magazine already issued in the year in which they join. Mem- bers who join after Oct. 1st will have their dues paid through December of the following year. They will al- so receive, as a bonus, a copy of the magazine issued in November of the year in which they joined. PUBLICATIONS FOR SALE TO MEMBERS BOOKS FOR SALE: All cloth bound books are 8 1/2 x 11" ALABAMA OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP, 1984 Rosene $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 ARKANSAS OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP, 1985 Rothert $17.00 Non-member price $22.00 FLORIDA PAPER MONEY, ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF, (softcover) 1980 Cassidy $16.00 Non-member price $19.50 INDIANA OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP, 1978 Wolka $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 INDIAN TERRITORY/OKLAHOMA/KANSAS OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP. 1980 Burgett and Whitfield $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 IOWA OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP, 1982 Oakes $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 MAINE OBSOLETE PAPER MONEY & SCRIP, 1977 Wait $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 MINNESOTA OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP. 1973 Rockholt $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 NEW JERSEY'S MONEY. 1976 Wait $15.00 Non-member price $20.00 PENNSYLVANIA OBSOLETE NOTES AND SCRIP (396 pages), Hoober $28.00 Non-member price $29.50 RHODE ISLAND AND THE PROVIDENCE PLANTA- TIONS, OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP OF, 1981 Durand $20.00 Non-member price $25.00 TENNESSEE-THE HISTORY OF EARLY TENNESSEE BANKS AND THEIR ISSUES, 1983 Garland $20.00 Non-member price $29.50 TERRITORIALS-A GUIDE TO U.S. TERRITORIAL NATIONAL BANK NOTES, (softcover) 1980 Huntoon $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 VERMONT OBSOLETE NOTES & SCRIP, 1972 Coulter $12.00 Non-member price $15.00 Write for Quantity Prices on the above books. ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS 1. Give complete description for all items ordered. 2. Total the cost of all publications ordered. 3. ALL publications are postpaid except orders for less than 5 copies of Paper Money. 4. Enclose payment (U.S. funds only) with all orders. Make your check or money order payable to: Society of Paper Money Collectors. 5. Remember to include your ZIP CODE. 6. Allow up to six weeks for delivery. We have no control of your package after we place it in the mails. Order from: R.J. Balbaton, SPMC Book Sales Dept., P.O. Box 911, N. Attleboro, MA 02761-0911 Library Services: The Society maintains a lending library for the use of the members only. For further information, write the Librarian - Wendell Wolka, P.O. Box 929, Goshen, IN 46426. Page 170 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 171 UNPRECEDENTED! The ULTIMATE United States Obsolete Bank Note Reference Is Here! STANDARD CATALOG OF UNITED STATES OBSOLETE BANK NOTES 1782-1866 By James A. Haxby Four volumes, 81/2)(11, hardbound r Mail to: Krause Publications, Catalog Dept. 700 E. State St., Iola, WI 54990 Send me copies of the Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, Vol. II, General Issues, at $45.00 each. Yes! Send me sets of the all new Standard Catalog of united States Obsolete Bank Notes, 1782-1866 at $195.00 per st. Amount for books $ Shipping Total amount enclosed $ Name Address City State Zip ( ) Check or money order (to Krause Publications) ( ) MasterCard/VISA (order billed as Krause Publications) Credit Card No Expires: Mo. Yr Signature (Obsolete Bank Note Book. U.S. addresses, postage included. Foreign addresses add $18.00 for shipping. For the World Paper Money book, U.S. addresses at $2.50 per book: foreign addresses add $4.50. Payable in U.S. funds) Credit card customers dial toll free 800-258-0929 8 am-5 pm, CST. Mon.-Fri. Non-orders and Wisconsin callers, please use our regular business line. 715-445-2214. FFE JA5 You'll find over 2700 pages in four comprehensive, hardbound volumes. This landmark reference work offers you: • Vast amounts of original research, including the most authoritative treatment of counterfeit, raised, altered and spurious notes to date! Where notes of altered origins are documented, unaltered notes are listed as well to help you trace the actual origins of issues in your collection. • The most complete list of state bank engravers (imprints) ever assembled! One more way to attribute your notes. • Prices for each note! For the first time you'll know exactly what a note is worth. Improve your collecting rewards significantly with this vital market data! • Every bank note documented to have been issued is listed. More than 77,000 in all! Use this information to trace those puzzling notes from your collection. • Each listing is accompanied by catalog number; denominations of issue; engraver identifications; issue dates as engraved or hand-written on the notes; overprint colors; and where no photo is available, a detailed description. It's a comprehensive study! • Many notes are pictured for the first time anywhere! More than 15,000 photos make the Standard Catalog of United States Obsolete Bank Notes a tremendous asset in attributing your notes. Books will be available in early November. Reserve your copy now! Still Available — The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, Vol. II, General Issues. It's Albert Pick's classic listing of government legal tender worldwide! Page 172 i •I I Paper Money Whole No. 138 r'1717711011' ‘V 1 1: '1.1:111 i 11111e1 r \1 114: Ir WE ARE ALWAYS BUYING ■ FRACTIONAL CURRENCY ■ ENCASED POSTAGE ■ LARGE SIZE CURRENCY ■ COLONIAL CURRENCY WRITE, CALL OR SHIP: 10-0-41•11.--0-41 11, t11101i •.... • CISM9t1NCITinc. LEN and JEAN GLAZER (718) 268.3221 POST OFFICE BOX 111 FOREST HILLS, N.Y. 11375 -....... Is; , SOCI,r1 ".ti P \ Pk . \ I( rs• El ( 1 II I I (. I OM (7, ,.,. Jil 1 a fel 42:1:\ Charter Member Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 173 74 eamadv &ea/tea Eva 11,0te4 by DAVID RAY ARNOLD, JR. T A TIME when Friedberg 237s were things to be spent, it seems to me, in memory, that every coin and stamp shop was in the worst part of town and faced the afternoon sun. There were always a few dusty certainties amid the incongruities of the hothouse windows: a well-toasted stamp album, some unrecogniz- able coppers, a packet of Chinese currency, and the ubi- quitious Columbian Exposition ticket. But over there, atop a pile of shabby Confederate and German inflation paper, would be something sure to capture my gaze. It was the epitome of "broken bank" currency, the $2 note declaring itself to be that of the Allegany County Bank in Cumberland, Maryland. What boy could not feel akin to the idyllic central scene of horse, dog, and lucky owner of both, pausing at a stream deep in the woods? And the bank name, flung flamboyantly, with just enough care to miss the vignette! The style was still in vogue and perhaps a predilection for typography was stirring. I had no hes- itation in exchanging the real thing for this non-money. and factory express national pride in the past, and suggest pres- ent prosperity. Allegorical characters bring to mind patriotic and spiritual values. The halo is frequently undeserved. But what greater treasure than children? They are the ultimate asset. Portrayal of the young is a familiar source for bank note art. The first photograph-like image was made in 1826 with an exposure time of eight hours. The daguerreotype was invented in 1839, as was a kind of negative. Until these developments, a painting of a family member was an especially important posses- sion. In England, Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830) was the fore- most portraitist of his time. He had been appointed Painter to the King after Reynold's death in 1792. By 1820, and contin- uing throughout the following ten years of his life, Sir Thomas was at the summit of his fame. Once a student at the Royal Aca- demy, he was now its president. The capabilities of this artist were sweeping; he had early in his career painted the epic Satan Summoning His Legions. If success is measured by praise, the work fell short. Lawrence found his gifts best expressed in the The engraving of the children, at lower right, reproduces the painting in its entirety — not always the case with bank note art. However, on the Cumberland note and others, there is a work of art far removed from a little fancy lettering. It is that ex- quisite fragment of portraiture which brings us to this discussion. Pictorial subjects on many bank notes simply provide orna- mentation and traditional appearance. Unless of a pertinent locale, person or building, the vignettes may have little to do with the issuing institution. Engraving in itself does impart the security of intaglio. It is not surprising, then, that only in a broad, general way do we find those things important to commerical, political and fami- ly life pictured on notes. Historical figures and scenes of farm portrait, and there success and praise became synonymous. Those whom he painted were always pleased. First on the waiting list for Sir Thomas' self-portrait was the King. Charles Biggs Calmady was the father of two young daughters: Emily and Laura Anne. They were taken to Sir Thomas, who had seen many richly dressed and well-groomed children of the aristocracy. He was overcome by the uncommon beauty and natural appeal of the little girls. Lawrence's fees were high; he received as much as 1,500 guineas for a single work. However, because he was so im- pressed by the children, he immediately offered to paint them Page 174 Paper Money Whole No. 138 By permission, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Bequest of Collis P. Huntington, 1925. All rights reserved. for a price much less than he would have ordinarily charged. Mr. Calmady accepted. There is doubt that he could have com- missioned the portrait at the usual fee. The picture was painted in 1823 and was hung at the 1824 exhibition by the Royal Academy. It was classified as a "group," with the official title The Children of Charles B. Calmady, Esq. (As a term of art, a "group" may comprise as few as two.) The work was the most popular in the exhibition. It should not be dif- ficult to guess who quickly made known his wish to purchase it: the King. Other paintings of children were made by Lawrence in this same period, among them Miss Murray, Master Lambton, and Lady Templeton and Her Son. The famous Pinkie (Miss Sara Moulton-Barrett), which had been painted 30 years earlier and is now in the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, has undergone a recent surge in public interest. Sir Thomas, how- ever, called the Calmady portrait his best picture, and one of the few for which he wished to be remembered. The popularity of the Calmady painting grew, and it was widely reproduced. It became known as The Calmady Children, but Smith adds "the charming group called `Nature.T The latter term is used in a special artistic sense of an unspoiled essence: not yet affected by surrounding influences, still in a na- tural state. The thought for the beautiful rendering of the picture is well expressed in the legend Metropolitan Children by Barbara Burn. It concludes: "His [Lawrence's] brilliant style perfectly captures the spontaneous, lively nature of his two appealing subjects." Other Lawrence portraits of children were in public favor. Some, notably the Lambton, were sold as engravings, and the Calmady was of course engraved for use on bank notes. ULM VI% mfrr fre' iOMUPAT IONS, Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 175 An advertising note with the images of the children reversed. (Courtesy of Neil Shafer) The painting lent itself easily to bank note use for a reason other than eye appeal. It was on an almost square canvas, about 31" x 30"; the image, however, is circular with a well defined arc. On the bank note version the edge has been made to ap- pear uneven. Muscalus named nine examples of notes with the portrait, but gave no additional information except to mention the seldom used title "Nature." A $2 note of the Pocasset Bank in Fall River, Rhode Island is included in his list, but I have never seen one with the Calmady picture. It is possible that there are other designs of that denomination. It is equally possible that notes not in his group made use of the vignette. At least one Hatch and Company advertising issue did so. It is illustrated in the Bank Note Reporter, June 1988, where it is seen that the image of the children is wrong-reading (right and left are reversed). A photo - graph of the $2 Pamet Bank note may be seen in the Bank Note Reporter, December 1987. Sir Thomas Lawrence died on January 7, 1830, and was buried with honors in St. Paul's Cathedral. having attained im- mortality as a great artist. When their portrait appeared on bank notes, the Calmady children were approaching middle age. Childhood had passed, as did the sisters themselves. Laura Anne died first, in 1894. Emily lived until 1906, just long enough to glimpse a new world. Again the bank note—as much a creature of art as of com- merce—has, in Tennyson's words, brought back the "tender grace of a day that is dead." The anguished poet cried: But Oh for the touch of a vanish'd hand, And the sound of a voice that is still! There can be neither touch nor sound, but Emily and Laura Anne, forever children, are still smiling. Bibliography Bank Note Reporter. (December, 1987; June, 1988). Burn, Barbara. (1984). Metropolitan Children. New York: Harry N. Abrams. With the prestige of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a magnifi- cent illustration of the Calmady painting is included. Muscalus, John A. (1939). Famous Paintings Reproduced on Paper Money of State Banks 1800-1866. Letterpress, halftone illustra- tions, Bridgeport, Pennsylvania. See the text for a comment about the Pocasset Bank note. The group on the State of South Carolina $1 Revenue Bond Scrip of 1872 is sometimes confused with The Calmady Children. New York Graphic Society. (1946 and 1965). Fine Art Reproductions of Old and Modern Masters. Edited by Anton Schutz. New York: New York Graphic Society. A comprehensive illustrated catalog of art through the ages. The Calmady work is in brilliant color. Smith, George. (1921). Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by Sir Leslie Stephen and Sir Sidney Lee. Oxford University Press. Whitley, William T. (1973). Art in England. Vol. 2. New York: Hacker Art Books. submitted by FORREST DANIEL U.S. SHY ON CHANGE Associated Press to The Evening News. Washington, Dec. 6. -The secretary of the treasury today issued the following open letter to all banking institutions in the United States. "A very marked scarcity of small bills is noticeable every- where, and the treasury is powerless to relieve. In the absence of legislation allowing national banks to issue a larger proportion of their circulation in denominations of five dollars, the banks themselves must be relied upon to alleviate the strain as far as possible. There are in circulation nearly fifteen million dollars in silver certificates of the denomination of ten dollars. Many of these are doubtless packed away in the vaults of the various banking institutions, and held as reserve. Permit me respectfully to ask that each institution, state and national, search the money in its vaults and send these ten dollar silver certificates to the treasury. They will promptly be converted into ones and twos to the very great relief of the country. It is the only remedy." — The Weekly Times, Grand Forks, N. Dak., Dec. 7, 1906. Continued on page 191 /1.1111-01.1111 FON C.C.TS, NI. MO KIVU.. IS mum. r rig ""olir/Argigigliia "?."' G15417717 B Only confirmed $5 FRN Series of 1934C mule with back plate 629. Photo of this great rarity courtesy of Marty Vink. 6454177178 . WWII OP 1134 0vtouprrofromn.c. IL49101171& 2.1.41 111.11144.11k ille (1,„ VCILI.L.MISM"Iril■ 'WINE ■ V: RC • at a • • .,. 11. tqw v. Paper Money Whole No. 138Page 176 SMALL NOTE MULES NEW DATA FOR THE FIFTY-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE THE PAPER COLUMN by Peter Huntoon The first small note mule went to press on January 6, 1938, 50 years ago. The story of the ensuing mule varie- ties was chronicled in detail in the January/ February, 1988, issue of PAPER MONEY. This article supplements and expands the data and conclusions of that article with newly discovered information from Bureau of Engraving and Printing records found in the U.S. National Archives in Washington, DC. TWO MYSTERIES SOLVED HERE IN NOTHING like a litte new data to wreck a good hy- pothesis. Based on 1940 through 1942 serial numbers found on $5 notes with micro back plates, I assumed in past articles that the last of the $5 micro back plates survived un- til about June 1942. The most conclusive evidence that I cited for this was the existence of $5 Series of 1934 nonmules from the first of the Hawaii printings. These have micro backs and were delivered in June 1942. James Lemon recently rediscovered a critical back plate ledger that conclusively documents that the last regular $5 micro back plate in use—plate 905—left the press on February 14, 1940, over two years before the Series of 1934 Hawaii's were serial numbered! So how did a $5 micro back end up on a Series of 1934 Hawaii? The answer is simple, and helps explain another im- portant anomaly that has nagged this researcher for a number of years. First an explanation of the anomaly, then the solution to both issues. Students of small-size notes have long recognized that early backs were printed using a yellow-green ink that is very pleas- ingly soft in appearance. This back plate ink was used exclusive- ly into 1938. After that time, the darker blue-green inks made their appearance. However, some yellow-green backs contin- ued to appear until at least mid-1942. As a good example, the mysterious $5 Series of 1934 micro back Hawaii's sport yellow- green backs. The solution to both problems is the fact that the Bureau of Engraving and Printing stockpiled a large quantity of $5 backs sometime around 1937. These were printed from micro plates and utilized the yellow-green ink. Sheets withdrawn from this store account for all the $5 micro back varieties produced after February 1940, except those from plates 629 and 637. Use of the old backs nicely explains the lingering appearance of the old style yellow-green backs that we occasionally see on post-1938 $5 notes. The full dimensions of this discovery have not been Paper Money Whole No. 138 fully explored, particularly as: (1) it impacts the rarities of $5 micro back mules of 1940-2 vintage, and (2) it opens the door for possible stockpiling in other denominations. The evidence for long term stockpiling of small note backs has not been particularly strong until this discovery. We do know that stockpiling was practiced on a large scale with all denomina- tions of the Series of 1929 national bank notes. In this special series, the sheets were completed through both the uniform back and face printings, and stored for future overprinting of bank titles, charter and serial numbers, and seals. In fact, incom- plete Series of 1929 stocks were so vast that they were tapped for quick use in preparing the emergency Series of 1929 Federal Reserve Bank note issuances in 1933. However, widespread stockpiling of other small note printings generally has not been widely recognized. In most cases, lags between various back and face printings appear to be on the order of days to a few weeks indicating that throughout production management prevailed as a general rule. James Lemon has begun the tedious job of comparing the timing of printings of mated backs, faces, and serial numbers on $5 silver certificates, and has documented one note from the $5 Series of 1934 AA block, which has a back that was printed at least five years earlier. He is finding that two-year old $5 backs are rather common on the earlier small note issues. Perhaps we will find stockpiling more common than originally supposed as we explore other denominations. It won't make much difference except in cases where micro and yellow-green backs were unex- pectedly teleported to later face printings to create odd species. Micro back 1940-2 vintage $5 mules are a dramatic case at point. My Series of 1934 micro back $5 Hawaii, L12748235A, bears back plate number 782. This plate was in use between February 5, 1936, and August 17, 1937. Clearly the back had been stored for at least five years before it was mated with its Hawaii face. It was printed with yellow-green ink, which had been phased out sometime in 1938. The back of this odd note carried both an obsolete micro plate number and obsolete ink five years or more to a future face printing. When you use the graphs on pages 8 and 9 of PAPER MONEY, Whole Number 133, realize that the last use of the old $5 micro backs ceased on February 14, 1940. All the mules from the old $5 micro plates dating between February 14, 1940 and mid-1942 were produced from the stockpiled backs. Obviously the graphs are still useful; only the explanations are modified. COMPLETE 629 and 637 DATA The ledger located by James Lemon allows us to finally publish a complete record of the use of $5 micro back plates 629 and 637. Those data are presented here in their entirety as Table 1. Notice how plate 637 saw almost continuous service during its long and extraordinary life. You can now see first hand how its impressions produced such a steady stream of exotic $5 mules spanning so many series. FIRST MACRO -LAST MICRO USAGES Tables 2, 3 and 4 update and correct data included in tables previously published on the first uses of macro plates, and the last uses of micro plates. These data should be of great interest to students of mules. Notice from these tables that macro size plate numbers were conceived in 1937, but plates bearing them were not completed until 1938. The first to go into production were $1 silver certificate series of 1935A face plates beginning with plate 1 on January 6, 1938. Table 1. Plate 629 Begun: Finished: Page 177 Complete plate records for $5 micro plates 629 and 637. Dec 6, 1933 Dec 29, 1933 Press Run Reentereda Certified Nov 17, 1947 - Feb 2, 1948 Feb 3, 1948 Cancelled: Feb 17, 1948 Plate 637 Begun: Jan 24, 1935 Finished: Nov 10, 1944 Press Runs Reentered Certified Jun 23, 1945 - Sep 24, 1945 Sep 25, 1945 Nov 28, 1945 Nov 30, 1945 - Jan 23, 1946 Feb 8, 1946 - Mar 7, 1946 Mar 12, 1946 - Jun I I, 1946 Jun 17, 1946 - Jul 22, 1946 Jul 23, 1946 Aug 19, 1946 Aug 23, 1946 - Oct 17, 1946 Oct 21, 1946 - Nov I, 1946 Nov 4, 1946 Nov 20, 1946 Nov 26, 1946 - Feb 13, 1947 Feb 14, 1947 Feb 27, 1947 Feb 28, 1947 - Jul 17, 1947 Jul 18, 1947 Aug 4, 1947 Aug 19, 1947 - Nov 12, 1947 Feb 13, 1948 - Sep 24, 1948 Sep 27, 1948 Oct 7, 1948 Oct 19, 1948 - Mar 8, 1949 Mar 9, 1949 Apr 5, 1949 Apr 8, 1949 - Jun 15, 1949 Cancelled: Jun 16, 1949 a Reentered means the design is repressed into the plate from a roll to sharpen details that show wear. YELLOW-GREEN SEALS and THE FIRST $5 FRN 1934A FACES No $5 Federal Reserve note Series of 1934 mules have ever been reported bearing the distinctive vivid yellow-green seals found on early Series of 1934 nonmules. However, Series of 1934A $10 mules and nonmules, and Series of 1934A $20 mules are known with yellow-green seals. A paradox arises. The first $5 macro back plate is now known from Table 2 to have gone to press on March 16, 1938. Logic would dictate that the yellow-green seals were phased out before this date because no $5 FRN Series of 1934 mules bear a yellow-green seal. However, the first $10 Series of 1934A FRN face plate went to press on May 24, 1938, for New York. The first $20 Series of 1934A face plate - a Chicago-went to press August 1, 1938. See PAPER MONEY, Whole Number 133. page 6, Table 3. Early notes from these plates have yellow-green seals. Clearly the last of the yellow-green seals were being printed at least as late as August, 1938. Why no $5 1934 yellow-green seal mules? I have no ready answer backed by hard data. It seems improbable that all of the early $5 macro backs just hap- pened to be fed to silver certificate and/or legal tender produc- tion. Likewise, it appears too convenient to assume that all early $5 macro backs got tied up in stockpiles during the March to August 1938, period, thereby missing their opportunity to be mated with the last of the yellow-green seals. 1928B - 1928C $5 LT TRANSITION As a general rule, the changeover numbering between the micro and macro plates was abrupt, with the macro numbers continu- ing in sequence from the micros. Only the $1 silver certificate macro faces and backs reverted to 1. One interesting exception- to this rule involves the $5 legal tender notes. Table 5 shows that there was some interspersing of the 1928B and 1928C plates. Note the peculiar order in which these plates were completed. Those finished early in 1938 were macro Cs whereas those completed between October 10 and November 2, 1938 were micro Bs. Page 178 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Table 2. Record of the last micro and first macro back plates. Last Micro Plates First Macro Plates Dennis- ination Backs Plate Number Date Begun Date Finished Last Plate Used Last Date Used Plate Number Date Begun Date Finished First Plate Used First Date Used 1 929 Oct 25, 1937 Nov 5, 1937 916 Feb 8, 1940 930 Oct 26, 19 37 Jan 6, 19 38 930 Jan 28, 1938 2 288 Feb 26, 1937 Mar 17, 19 37 275 Aug 12, 194 2 289 Jan 26, 19 38 Feb 7, 19 38 289 Aug 22, 19 39 5 938 Sep 13, 1937 Sep 24, 19 37 905 Feb 14, 1940 939 Dec 7, 19 37 Jan 13, 19 38 939 Mar 16, 19 38 10 584 Jul 22, 1937 Aug 4, 19 37 404 Oct 14, 194 1 585 Jan 10, 1938 Jan 25, 1938 585 Feb 17, 19 38 20 317 Sep 13, 1937 Sep 29, 19 37 316 Oct 27, 1942 318 Jan 14, 1938 Jan 26, 1938 318 Feb 7, 1941 50 162 Sep 22, 1936 Oct 29, 1936 139 Jul 16, 1953 163 records not found 100 112 Aug 10, 1936 Sep 14, 19 36 75 Jul 8, 1953 113 Jun 22, 1944 Jun 29, 1944 113 Jul , 1944 500 12 Nov 15, 1932 Dec 29, 1932 4 Jun 27, 194 5 records not found 1000 4 Oct 29, 1930 Nov 24, 19 30 4 Jun 29, 194 3 5 Sep 14, 1939 Sep 29, 1939 5 Nov 8, 1940 5000 1 Oct 29, 1930 Nov 15, 19 30 I Nov 18, 1940 2 May 10, 1943 Jun 2, 1943 no record of use 10000 I Jul 11, 1929 Jul 23, 1929 1 Nov 18, 1940 2 May 10, 194 3 May 31, 1943 no record of use Table 3. Record of the last micro and first macro face plates for Silver Certificates and Legal Tender Notes. Last Micro Plates First Macro Plates Denom- Series Plate Date Begun Date Last Plate Last Date Series Plate Date Begun Date First Plate First Date ination Number Finished Used Used Number Finished Used Used Silver Certificate Faces 1 19 35 1391 Dec 27, 19 37 Jan 6, 1938 1375 Aug 31, 1938 1935A 1 Oct 22, 19 37 Jan 6, 1938 1 Jan 6, 19 38 5 19 34 561 Oct 4, 19 37 Oct 18, 19 37 444 Sep 16, 1938 1934A 562 Nov 1, 19 37 Jan 7, 19 38 562 Jan 10, 19 38 10 19 34 127 Mar 16, 19 38 Mar 28, 1938 126 Aug 3, 1942 1934A 129 Feb 7, 19 39 Feb 21, 19 39 129 Dec 5, 19 39 (no 19 34 $10's printed in period Oct 10, 1940 through Jun 30, 1942) 20 19 34 17 Sep 21, 19 34 Oct 3, 1934 none used 1934A 18 Jan 13, 19 38 Sep 14, 1942 none used 100 1934 4 Oct 10, 19 34 Oct 31, 19 34 none used Legal Tender Faces 2 1928C 181 Aug 31, 19 37 Sep 10, 19 37 180 Feb 12, 1940 1928D 182 Nov 24, 19 37 Feb 23, 19 38 182 Mar 13, 19 39 5 I9280, 306 Dec 6, 1937 Sep 12, 1938 304 Dec 1, 1939 1928C 288 Nov 16, 19 37 Feb 17, 19 38 288 Aug 2, 19 38 Table 4. Record of the last use of micro and first use of macro Table 5. Interspersing of $5 Legal Tender Series of 1928B and 1928C plates. $5 Federal Reserve faces. All except 308 were used. Plate Number 1928 Series Plate Begun Plate Finished 287 B Sep 29, 1937 Oct 12, 1937 288 C Nov 16, 1937 Feb 17, 1938 289 B Nov 16, 1937 Oct 12, 1938 290 B Nov 18, 1937 Oct 10, 1938 291 B Nov 18, 1937 Oct 27, 1938 292 B Nov 22, 1937 Oct 24, 1938 293 B Nov 24, 1937 Oct 25, 1938 294 B Nov 24, 1937 Oct 21, 1938 295 B Nov 24, 1937 Oct 27, 1938 296 B Nov 29, 1937 Oct 21, 1938 297 B Nov 29, 1937 Oct 21, 1938 298 B Nov 30, 1937 Oct 24, 1938 299 B Nov 30, 1937 Nov 1, 1938 300 B Dec 1, 1937 Nov 1, 1938 301 B Dec 1, 1937 Nov 2, 1938 302 B Dec 2, 1937 Nov I, 1938 303 B Dec 2, 1937 Nov 2, 1938 304 B Dec 3, 1937 Nov 2, 1938 305 C Dec 3, 1937 Nov 4, 1938 306 B Dec 6, 1937 Sep 12, 1938 307 C Dec 6, 1937 Feb 17, 1938 308 B Jan 7, 1938 not finished 309 C Feb 10, 1938 Feb 23, 1938 310 C Feb 10, 1938 Feb 23, 1938 311 C Feb 10, 1938 Feb 24, 1938 312 C Feb 10, 1938 Feb 24, 1938 District Micro Series of 19 34 Macro Series of I934A Last Use First Use A Jul 23, 1945 Sep 6, 1943 B Nov 16, 1945 Jul 31, 1941 C Jan 22, 1946 Jul 27, 194 3 D Jan 9, 1946 Sep 18, 1942 Jan 23, 1946 Sep 29, 1942 F Nov 23, 1945 Oct 6, 1942 G Jan 28, 1944 Oct 26, 1942 H Oct 23, 1945 Jun 24, 1944 1 Sep 7, 1944 none Sep 24, 194 5 none K Apr 30, 1945 none L Dec 18, 1943 Sep 22, 1943 (Continued on page 191) Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 179 A NewCcrip Issue Documented For The sutlers of Ft. Riley, KS by STEVEN WHITFIELD I N 1852 an Army Officer at Fort Leavenworth recom- mended establishment of a new post further west along the Kansas River for better protection of the western trails. After various surveys, the site for the new post, to be called Camp Center because it was thought to be at or near the geographical center of the United States, was chosen where the Republican and Smoky Hill rivers joined to form the Kansas River. The Army Appropriation Act of 1853 contained $65,000 for construction of Camp Center; on May 17, 1853 the post was officially established under Order Number 9, HQs, Sixth Military Department, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. The first temporary buildings were erected during 1853 and 1854; permanent building con- struction began in 1855. The Post was renamed Fort Riley to honor Major General Bennett Riley who had died on June 9, 1853. The first sutler of the post was Robert Wilson who arrived in 1853. Mr. Wilson began his career as a military storekeeper in 1814 and served in that capacity until 1821. He was the sutler at Fort Leavenworth from 1833 to 1842 and at Council Bluffs, Iowa in 1844. He established the first Post Office in the area in 1853 at Fort Riley. In 1857, Wilson was a charter member and treasurer of the Town Company that established Junction City. By November of 1861, he was advertising in the Junction City paper as the "Oldest Established Trading Depot in Western Kan- sas." His store at the Fort competed with Junction City and Manhattan firms to outfit the settlers, traders and hunters travel- ing west. At the same time, small change was gradually disap- pearing from circulation and the new U.S. government demand notes, in $5 and $10 denominations were showing up in the area. By February 1862 hard times had reached Fort Riley and Junction City and many creditors were not paying their debts. The store of Moses Waters, sutler, constructed in 1888. As seen here in 1895, it was used as a canteen. This building, the last sutler store at Fort Riley, is still in use. Courtesy Idaho Historical Society Page 180 The Smoky Hill and Republican Union Newspaper of Junc- tion City carried the following piece dated March 20, 1862: "Shinplasters. Colonel Wilson, sutler at Fort Riley, has in circu- lation one dollar notes, redeemable in current funds when pre- sented in sums of five dollars. The scarcity of change makes them quite a convenience." On June 27, 1863 "Colonel" Wilson retired from the sutler- ship at Fort Riley and was succeeded by Henry F. Mayer. (In later years Wilson became superintendent of the Davis County Poor Farm.) Mayer stayed on until May 12, 1866 when he sold out to the Junction City firm of John T. Price. In February 1868 the firm of Streeter and Strickler from Junction City bought out Price's interest and ran the store on the post. Streeter and Strick- ler had also issued scrip during the Civil War from their business location on Washington Street in Junction City. In 1868 Street- er and Strickler sold the post sutlership and store to the McGonigle Brothers who added a wing to the building for an of- ficers' billiard room, reserving the old billiard room for enlisted men. In late 1874 or early 1875 Moses Waters became sutler at Fort Riley when he bought out the McGonigle Brothers. Waters had come to America from Ireland at the age of 15. He had been a railroad section boss, buffalo hunter and army scout, and in 1868 he participated with Colonel George A. For- syth at the famous Indian battle on the Arickaree Fork of the Re- publican River where it is believed Chief Roman Nose was killed. He had also spent time at Dodge City before he settled at Fort Riley. Upon assuming ownership of the Fort Riley store he took over as postmaster, which was apparently the duty of the sutler, and ran a successful operation. In 1888 he constructed a new store at Fort Riley at a cost of $11,500. The building, which still stands, was constructed of native limestone and contained a large general store. an enlisted men's bar, a dining room for offi- cers and enlisted men and an officer's club upstairs with pool and billiard tables and another bar. Paper Money Whole No. 138 On June 25th, 1889, less than a year after the new building had opened, Moses Waters died. His widow carried on the busi- ness for a short while but sold the building to the U.S. govern- ment in 1889 for $5,000. Soon thereafter the Army abolished sutler stores and the building became a "canteen." The canteen system was established to channel profits from the sale of beer and light wines into reading rooms and amuse- ment areas for the soldiers. By April 1890 the entire building was being utilized for this purpose. In 1897 the canteen became the first "Post Exchange," or PX, at Fort Riley. During the 1930s, the building was converted to its current use as housing. The housing conversion also changed the exter- ior appearance of the building by removing the porch and alter- ing the entrance area. The building is appropriately named Waters Hall and has a sign delineating its history for the many tourists who visit the Fort. It is a daily reminder to this collector of the period when Post Sutlers issued their own paper money to make change for the soldiers and other customers during the Civil War. NOTE: To the best of my knowledge, there is only one gen- uine piece of Kansas Sutler Scrip known. This is a 254 note is- sued in 1863 by Harvey Spaulding, sutler of the First Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment. REFERENCES: Photographic collection of the Cavalry Museum. Fort Riley, KS. Pride, W.F. (1926). The History of Fort Riley. Reprinted by the Fort Riley Historical and Archeological Society in 1987. Real Property records of the Directorate of Engineering and Housing. Fort Riley, KS. Smokey Hill and Republican Union Newspaper. (1861, September to 1863, June). Junction City, KS. Judge John T. Morgan by RODNEY BATTLES 01987. All rights reserved. The author, a collector of western checks, has researched and writ- ten several articles pertaining to check collecting, western banks and bankers. For a list of current titles, please write to: Rodney Bat- tles, P.O. Box 210004, Bedford, TX 76021. J OHN T. MORGAN was born in Hamburg, Erie County, New York. His father, James Clark Morgan, was born in Con- necticut in 1798, and married Penelope Green, a native of Herkimer County, New York. In 1843 John, the third of three children, accompanied his parents to Illinois, which was then a largely undeveloped state, with Chicago little more than a village on a wet prairie. He was reared on a farm, attended the public schools of Monmouth, and then taught school in order to continue his own education. Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 181 1883 territorial draft from J. T. Morgan's BANK OF IDAHO in Blackfoot, Idaho with attractive in- digenous uignettes of miners at left and a cowboy roping a steer at upper right. 1884 draft from J. T. Morgan's BANK OF KETCHUM. In 1852 he entered Lombard University, at Galesburg, Illi- nois, and graduated in 1855. He took up the study of law in the office of General E.A. Paine, later a prominent brigadier general in the Union Army, and remained in that office for three years. He then entered the law department of Albany University, New York, and later continued his studies in the State Law School at Poughkeepsie, New York, where he graduated in 1859 with the degree of Bachelor of Law. In 1859 he began the practice of his profession at Monmouth, Illinois, and soon secured a large and distinctively representative clientele. In November 1858, John married Miss Maria Hor- roun, of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War, as time passed and the conflict became more bitter, he felt that the country needed his services. On the 11th of August 1862, he enlisted in Company F, the Eighty- third Illinois Volunteer Infantry. John served as a captain until the close of the war; he re- ceived an honorable discharge on the 26th of June 1865. After returning home he resumed the practice of law in Monmouth. In 1870 he was elected to the Illinois house of representatives, where he served for two years. In 1874 he was elected to the state senate; he served in that capacity until 1878. On the 26th of June 1879, President Hayes appointed Mor- gan as chief justice of the supreme court of Idaho. In addition to presiding over that court of last resort he also served as ex-officio judge of the district court, which included all of southeastern Idaho, including the counties of Oneida, Cassia, Custer and Lemhi. Following his arrival in the Idaho Territory in 1879, Judge John T. Morgan was regarded as one of the most worthy and prominent men of the territory. He was reappointed chief justice of the supreme court of Idaho by President Arthur, and satisfactorily filled that position until he was removed by Presi- dent Cleveland in 1885. While serving as chief justice, Judge Morgan was involved in early Idaho banking. In 1881, he and a partner, Lowell Hol- brook, entered the banking business in Blackfoot, Idaho under the firm name of J.T. Morgan & Co. In 1882 the name was changed to the Bank of Idaho. The bank closed in 1886. In 1884 J.T. Morgan's Bank of Ketchum was the third bank opened during the mining boom. Ketchum's original bank was operated by T.E. Clohecy and Co., which opened in 1883. Merchants Isaac T. Lewis and Joseph Pinkham opened their First National Bank in February 1884. The Bank of Ketchum was succeeded by the First National Bank in 1888. When Idaho's admission to the Union was considered, Judge Morgan earnestly favored the project. He was elected a member of the convention which assembled to frame a state constitution and chaired the convention's legislative committee. In October 1890, he was elected one of the justices of the supreme court of Idaho, and ably served on the bench for six years, until March 4, 1897, when he resumed his law practice. Bibliography An Illustrated History of The State of Idaho. The Lewis Publishing Company. Chicago. 1899. Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 182 JOSEPH KELLER ENGRAVER by GENE HESSLER . . . who would have expected the son of a shoe- maker; the youngest of six children of a poor, Ger- man, immigrant family; a young man whose formal education ended with the 8th grade" . . . would make "a difference to all" . . . who knew him? (Eulogy: Eilene Bertsch, daughter of Joseph Keller) "I behold his eyes caressing those whom he loved — as with a touch — as if with each glance he framed a `still-shot' that was permanently etched in his mem- ory." (Eulogy) James Whistler, Paul Gauguin and Camile Pissarro died in 1903; in that same year, on 19 May, artist-to-be Joseph Keller was born in the Bronx, New York. Following graduation from Immaculate Conception grammar school in 1918 he immedi- ately went to work at American Bank Note Co (ABNCo) as a burnisher (plate cleaner). "In those days, a high school diploma was not required to get a job and the $10 salary I got was badly needed." In 1918 it was customary to accept any type of em- ployment in a particular company and hope for advancement to the position you ultimately wanted. A 1949 self-portrait. J OSEPH KELLER is this man, a man who made the world a better place because of his existence and his contribu- tions—artistic and humane. Without knowing of the delicate state of his health, I began corresponding with Mr. Keller in January 1987. After six months of exchanging letters I decided that I wanted to meet this warm, interesting and humorous man. Due to an encounter with pneumonia, on my part, it was necessary to cancel a scheduled September meeting. In November my only meeting with this kind and gentle man took place. One month later, on 14 December 1987, Joseph Keller died at the age of 84. It was truly my good fortune to have known him. At age 14, Joseph Keller made this drawing; it was based on a magazine illustration. Drawings that the youthful Joseph Keller submitted when he applied for the job at ABNCo went into a file. Five years later they were shown to legendary Robert Savage, head of the Pic- ture Engraving Department at ABNCo. Five minutes later the aspiring engraver was told he would begin his apprenticeship as an engraver the following morning. "The drawings that got me the job were done at Morris High School in the Bronx. The teacher's name was Wilks. I loved his way of teaching. The stu- dents took turns posing for the class. Occasionally we chipped in and hired a model. We were all poor kids. If there wasn't enough cash in the box, Mr. Wilks took care of the rest." Paper Money Whole No. 138 These same drawings were submitted when Joseph Keller ap- plied for study at the National Academy of Design about 1919. About three years were spent in the academy that had also served as the training ground for engravers Asher B. Durand, Alfred Jones, Joseph I. Pease, John F. Prud'homme, Mosley I. Danforth and Peter Maverick, Jr.; the latter two were also founders of the National Academy of Design. We all have our personal heroes; these and other engravers were probably the artists_ emulated by Joseph Keller. In the early 1920s, "ABNCo engaged Mr. George Bridge- man, a man from the Art Students League [who also instructed Norman Rockwell] .... I spent 5 years with him. He was one of America's greatest anatomists." Bridgeman compiled a book, Fifty Figure Drawings, " . . .to show by definite examples the best work produced by students of the leading Art Schools" in the United States. One of Mr. Keller's drawing was selected for this publication. During my visit with Mr. Keller he brought out some of his early sketches including a self-portrait. At the bottom of each was a numeral, i.e., 18, 25, 32, etc. These, he said, were the number of seconds allowed to make the particular sketch. Walter Major, brother of engraver James Parsons Major, was a vice-president at ABNCo and headed the Design Department in the mid-1920s. A photograph of his surburban home was the subject of a practice engraving by Joseph Keller. This apprentice engraving was executed in 1927 with less than five years exper- ience; it demonstrates greatness and the promise of the young artist. The detail of the engraving of the home of Walter Major undoubtedly alerted supervisor Edwin Gunn, another superior engraver, to the potential of Joseph Keller as an engraver cap- able of executing all types of work, especially postage stamps. Joseph Keller eventually engraved bank notes for Brazil, French Indochina, Guatemala and Venezuela as well as a con- siderable number of vignettes for stock certificates, but his stamp engravings outnumber both. One stamp that Mr. Keller took particular pride in engraving was the 5 gourdes of Haiti (Scott A61). The repetitive grill, or lattice work, around the figures appears to have been machine- engraved—it is, remarkably, all engraved by hand. Joseph Keller and daughter Eilene ca. 1940. Page 183 One particular bank note called for monotonous repetition— the back of the French Indochina 50 piastres (Pick 77). It's un- fortunate that the figures could not have been reproduced me- chanically; each was individually engraved. Mr. Keller called it "a heart-breaking, tough piece that showed nothing." William Adolph, a senior engraver who Mr. Keller admired, studied the subject and said "what a waste of time and talent . . .." In my correspondence with Mr. Keller he mentions the en- gravers he worked with; with fw exceptions all received words of admiration and praise. Edwin Gunn, Warrell Hauck, Elie Loizeaux, Harold Osborn, Robert Savage and Arthur Vogel are just some who could be described here, but, this is Mr. Keller's story. Notwithstanding, there is one brief incident, related in a letter, that demonstrates his lasting sense of humor. Writing about Harold Osborn, Mr. Keller related the follow- ing: "He told us of the time he went to a movie about gorillas. The place was crowded. The woman in front of him had a little boy who was constantly asking questions. Finally Harold touched the woman on the shoulder and told her he hadn't come to the theatre to hear her boy, would she try to keep him quiet. In a loud voice she said to the boy, 'Did you hear that? The man in back wants to hear what the monkies have to say."' Yes, Joseph Keller was known as a story-teller. There were many in his letters and I heard a few during our meeting. "I know him as the master story teller—such a won- derful sense of humor! with a delicate, gentle, intui- tive understanding of what makes us human. How many of us have been at a gathering with him, with family, friends, neighbors, golfers, artists? Inevit- ably, someone said, 'Joe, tell a story!"' (Eulogy) It is not uncommon for artists to have favorites among their creations. One of Mr. Keller's was his engraving of a shoemaker. This engraving, for the Melville Shoe Corporation, was done with his father in mind. The senior Mr. Keller came to the United States about 1875 from Germany. "When he was about 12 years old the village he lived in needed a shoemaker, so he was sent to another village" to learn the craft. "He was a shoemaker but not an ordinary repairman; he was able to make complete shoes by hand . .." Referring to the shoemaker vignette Mr. Keller said, "It might have been a picture of my father." Joseph Keller, daughter Eilene and wife Diane. •Page 184 Paper Money Whole No. 138 CIWUuity 'fit* A iE , 6 irelthrrkv \\\ 6 6666 6 V 6 6 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 185 i *.:. ' :-.) --.InnitiPii-: ...:..., stt it1.14/7.11 14..1tra t, , .• . , - - ' , , '. , . , .........: , .\ 4 ,e.:.: -Iva::...:, . ,.. •....... 4 ii; '''' ...;.1.::) A" '‘k !\'' .. Z Ct \., ft.:;„ ‘ \--.-t , -..: .., 11,' ...,:.,:. ESTAOP5,,,!!!41100:*, OD , g NM:14 14,!.i. ' ... Page 186 Philipp Kell,er l, BOOTS' Made to Repairing done A damaged, but treasured, advertising card for the father of Joseph Keller. Paper Money Whole No. 138 Another vignette of which the engraver spoke fondly, and justifiably proudly, is Agriculture No. 5. He did the etching work and Sidney Smith began the engraving. Then, due to the death of Mr. Smith, the young Joseph Keller completed the engrav- ing. This magnificent example of the engraver's art was never used; it was probably intended for a stock certificate. "Mr. Smith," said Mr. Keller, "was one of the most intelligent people I ever met." Joseph Keller was one of the most sensitive, kind and gener- ous human beings I have ever met. From our correspondence and one-time meeting, he sensed my sincere interest in the his- tory of the security engraving and specifically in his work. He gave me one of four examples that he had of Agriculture No. 5. I will treasure it along with the bittersweet memory of a man who, during his professional career, created engravings that re- main for all of us to enjoy and appreciate. "I recall vividly the many hours (into the last weeks of his life) that we spent discussing his 50 years as a pic- ture engraver with the American Bank Note Company. He took such pride in his work: in the beauty of en- graving as an art form; in the special gifts of the great masters who preceded him and in whose company he wished to be remembered: Mr. Jones, Mr. Savage, Mr. Loizeaux, Mr. Gunn." (Eulogy) At retirement in 1970 Joseph Keller was the senior engraver at ABNCo. He is a vital link in the security engraving tradition that can be traced from Peter Maverick, who taught John W. Casilear, who guided Louis Delnoce through his apprenticeship, who in- structed Marcus W. Baldwin, who was the first to employ Robert Savage, who ultimately recognized the artistic talent of Joseph Keller. Tradition, not just for the sake of it, but tradition that keeps alive those developed talents, if lost—just as the loss of an endangered species weakens the ecosystem—can reduce the potential contri- bution of mankind. Within the tradition of security engraving there is an honored position that is held by Joseph Keller. Female, untitled (figure by E. Loizeaux) (I) Female for TYCO Laboratories stock certificate (I) Female in helmet for St. Paul Union Depot Bond (1941) (I) Grand Canyon (Indian at left) for Arizona Public Service Co. Home of Walter Major (I) Indian Chief facing right, untitled (1962) (I) Kin Tze Prov. Shansi"" Kuangyuanhein-Wu Hou Tze"" (I) Locomotive (stamp-size) for W. Jersey & Seashore Railroad bond Marble Gate at Chu Yung Kuan * " New York Stock Exchange" Santa Fe" Scotsman with bagpipes (entirely etched) Shoemaker for Melville Shoe Corp. (I) Swift Company (view of plant) Telephone and map of four states for Northwestern Bell Tele- phone Co. (1949) The Alamo for Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. (I) Tower and Sound Waves for AT&T Trinity Church (ABNCo Archive Series, Vol. II) (I) Wealth (finished by Joseph Keller due to death of engraver R. Savage)* (I) Women with Globe (1964, used with different backgrounds) Wuchoufu Prou. Kuangsi" (I) Illustrated • Story of American Bank Note Co. * * No record that this was used Sources Correspondence from Joseph Keller to the author. Cummings. W.W. (Ed.). (1988). Standard postage stamp catalog. Pick A. (1986). Standard catalog of world paper money. 2 Vols., Iola, WI: Krause. Paper Money Whole No. 138 Stamps Engraved by Joseph Keller Canada A 79 A 95 A111 A 132 A141 Columbia AP19 (C122) AP39 A 155 Costa Rica A109 (C127) AP15 Ecuador AP 9 AP30 A171 A186 (C479 & 480) Haiti AP20 (C60) A 61 Hondoras AP 6 (C80) AP27 AP64 A 51 (C330) Nicaragua AP14 (C236) AP20 (C248) Panama AP 9 (C23) A 67 (C282) A 99 (similar) Paraguay AP35 Philippines A 79 Surinam A 29 (C189 & 190) Stamp-size advertising piece. Bank Notes Engraved by Joseph Keller Pick Brazil 132 & 150 (back) 133 & 151 (back) 134 & 158 (back) (I) 174 (back) Dominican Rep. 25 (face) French Indochina 77 (back) (I) Guatemala 96 (back) Venezuela 49 (face) Founding of Caracas (I) S189 (face) female etched by J. Keller, engraved by W. Adolph Page 187 Some Additional Engravings by Joseph Keller ABNCo Building for letterhead (I) Agriculture* Agriculture No. 5 (I) Chinese Gateway' * (1931) Eagle for Coors stock certificate (1965) Federal Hall (ABNCo Archive Series, Vol. II) Page 188 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Percy Hampton Johnston's Days As A Backwoods Bank Examiner Submitted by BOB COCHRAN Collectors of paper money, checks, stocks, bonds, scrip, etc., who make up our membership, are mostly concerned with these tangible issuances of banks and other organizations. John Hickman describes them as "History in Your Hand," and I couldn't agree more. This magazine is the medium where infor- mation is shared about these financial documents, the organiza- tions behind them, and the circumstances of their issuance. Banking and finance is also a people business, and I believe sto- ries about the people involved in banking deserve to be discussed here as well. These stories are not concerned specifically with paper money, but they do provide us with an insight into the banking business, and the bankers themselves, many years ago. A casual glance at the 1902 Series, Third Charter Date Back note, issued by the Chemical National Bank of New York, shows the printed signature of Percy H. Johnson as president of the bank. The name "Percy" is not a popular name today; to some it connotes "blueblood," or "upper class." You might think that Percy H. Johnson, president of a large national bank in New York City, was "born with a silver spoon in his mouth," sent to the "right" schools, and groomed for the position he oc- cupied when his signature was printed on this note — you would be wrong. Percy H. Johnston as a young man. P ERCY H. JOHNSTON was born in Lebanon, Kentucky, on New Year's Day, 1880. His father died when he was ten, and he and his siblings were forced to work to sup- port the family. His first job was as the lamp lighter in Lebanon at the age of eleven. He later worked as a delivery boy for a local laundry, and later still clerked in a general store. He decided at a very early age that he wanted to become a banker; he got his first job in the banking field when he was hired as a runner by the Marion National Bank of Lebanon. He was 16 years old, and his pay was $10 a month. While working in the bank he wit- nessed the examination of the bank by the National Bank Exam- iner, and was quite fascinated by the task. He became friends with the examiner, and in 1906 was recommended by the ex- aminer to become his replacement. The Secretary of the Treasury, Shaw, considered him to be too young for the job, but Johnson was persistent and secured the appointment. He kept the job for seven years, and he recounts some of his more unusual experiences during this period of his life. The Absent-Minded Cashier In one of the hill town banks I discovered a shortage of $16,000 in their loans and discounts. The cashier had gone out but had promised to return at noon. As night came on and he had not returned it began to look like a defalcation. I called a directors' meeting for the following morning at ten. When I entered the bank at eight the cashier was on the job and quite unperturbed. I spoke sharply to him about the shortage. He scratched his head, thought a moment, went to the vault and promptly placed on my desk the missing notes which he had absent-mindedly failed to file in the note case. The directors assembled and I went over the loans and discounts with them. finding everything in good shape. The leading director was a prominent lumberman and when I explained that, under the law, the duties of managing a National bank devolved upon the directors he ejaculated "My God, I never knew that; don't we give the cashier $50 a month to run her?" Toting a Pistol to Work During the examination of a bank at Monticello, Kentucky, in the feudin' country, I noticed eight or ten notes which were sus- piciously white and clean, bearing a variety of signatures in simi- lar handwriting. I immediately checked these notes against the Paper Money Whole No 138 ostensible makers' accounts and found that none had received credit for the proceeds. After the bank closed for the day I took the cashier in the back room and told him that, in my opinion, the notes were forgeries. He urged me to let him go home for supper and promised to come to the hotel afterwards and give me a full account of what had happened. When he returned I invited him to go to my room, being careful to follow him up the stairs. This proved a wise precaution as I was unarmed while I noticed the bulge of a large revolver in his hip pocket. rant for the arrest of the cashier. Other than the forgeries, the bank's assets were good and the well-to-do farmers on the Board voluntarily made up the deficit remaining after the surety bond was collected. Within three weeks the bank was ready to open and it was my duty to be on hand. A friend telephoned to warn me that the cashier, now out on bail, had made a statement that he would kill me when I re- turned. At that time and place such a threat could not be safely disregarded. I was not looking for a shooting engagement; neither was I going to duck my responsibility to open the bank. I was used to shotgun and rifle, but my younger brother, Ellis, was a crack shot with side arms and he, intrigued at the prospect of adventure, bravely volunteered to accompany me back to Monticello. The bank was twenty miles from the nearest railroad and we drove over in a two-horse buggy with a young lad at the reins, Ellis and I keeping a sharp lookout for possible ambush. We had hoped to transfer to the stagecoach at the junction of two roads and, wondering if we were in time to catch it, I approached a typical bewhiskered Mountain Boy with a basket on his arm. He told me we had missed the stage and we lingered a few minutes to pass the time of day and ask him what was going on around Monticello. He said there was hell to pay; that a few days before the Federal Marshal had come through with the cashier in his custody. When I asked him why the cashier had been arrested he said he didn't know but doubted if there was any good rea- son as he had known the boy all his life and his father before him. I reminded him that there was usually cause behind a Fed- eral arrest but he had the typical moonshiner's viewpoint that "them thar Federal Inspectors have to raise hell ever once in a while to hold their jobs." When I told him that I was the Federal Inspector in question he was rendered speechless and remained transfixed as long as I could see him as we drove off down the road. On reaching the bank Ellis remained in the lobby with an open suitcase in which there were two tissue paper wrapped parcels, each containing a fully loaded six-shooter. I had a third revolver on my belt and kept the fourth on my desk where I was working. Nothing happened; they weren't ready for us yet, but the cashier had several fearless brothers around and, since we had arrived safely, we figured that there was more likelihood of our being picked off from behind some mountain ridge than of having to shoot it out face to face. After my official duties had been performed and the time came for us to go to our hotel room for the night, the lobby was filled with loafers and some of the toughest looking characters were eying us in a way that boded no good. As we went upstairs I asked the hotel keeper in a good loud voice to call us at six o'clock and be sure to send up a pitcher of hot water with the call. When we reached our room we pulled down the shade and a little later blew out the lamp, but we did not go to bed. During the day Ellis had carefully scounted the barn where our horses were kept. About one o'clock, when everything was dark and still, we went down the back stairs in our stocking feet, quietly Page 189 hitched up our horses and drove out of town. Not until we had crossed the Cumberland River twenty miles away would we feel safe. When we reached the river the ferry was on the other side of the stream and our shouting, even shooting, failed to attract the ferryman. I had started to undress, expecting to swim the river and bring the ferry back, when we saw a light and a voice called to assure us that the ferry was coming over. An hour later we flagged the train to Cincinnati and heaved a huge sigh of relief. In due time the cashier was convicted, one of the twenty-one convictions I secured out of twenty-two prosecutions in six years. When the judge sentenced the prisoner to several years in Federal prison the cashier made a very tactless remark; he said when he got out of Atlanta he was going to hunt me up and kill me. For this indiscretion the judge added another five years to his sentence. But he must have cooled off for he never bothered me again . Incidentally, this man was the only one of the twenty- one men I convicted who voiced personal resentment against me. Most of the others shook hands with me and said I had been fair to them. Officials of the Treasury Department in Washington had been monitoring Johnston's progress as a bank examiner. Secretary of the Treasury Shaw had been extremely reluctant to hire him in the first place, because of his age (26). But his abilities were proven, with the result that he was given an expanded territory. Bank Cotton At Headland, Alabama. I walked into the First National Bank one morning to see if I could confirm the suspicion of a previous examiner that the bank was speculating in cotton. The door was unlocked and an old Negro janitor was sweeping up. "Stop right whar you is!" said he, holding up his hand. He told me he had instructions not to let anyone in but had forgotten to lock the door. I asked him to telephone the cashier, tell him the National Bank Examiner was there and to come down to the bank. "Naw, Sir, I can't do that," he objected, "Marse Alex is sound asleep and he'll bawl the everlasting hell outta me if I wake him up." So I got the number from the old man, phoned the cashier and asked him to instruct the janitor to let me go inside the bank and begin my examination. As I went inside the rail I noticed un- der the teller's window a large packing case containing about five bushels of cotton samples such as buyers pull out of a bale when they examine it. I complimented the janitor on the quality of the cotton and casually asked him who the principal buyers were. "Oh we is; the bank is the bigges' buyer," he proudly vol- unteered. That was just what I wanted to know. During my examination I looked for, and sure enough found, an account set up under the title Bank Cotton. When the cashier arrived I told him what I had learned and asked him to call a directors' meeting. The following day I ex- plained to the board — made up mostly of farmers—that under their charter the bank could not purchase cotton or anything else not needed in carrying on their bank business. It developed that the cotton account had always made money, that the profits were turned back to the bank and that no one had benefited per- sonally from the transactions. Nevertheless I had them sign an agreement and enter it in the minutes that the bank would abandon the illegal practice. This was a great blow to the direc- tors because there wasn't enough other business to keep the bank running. When the meeting broke up one of the directors took me aside and said, "Young fellow, you are pretty smart; you are the Johnston a president of the Chemical National Bank in New York. When money was collected on demand loans, instead of crediting all of it to bank earnings, he would hold out a thousand or two and put it in the R. Day account. I reminded him that he had been making sworn statements to the Government which he had just admitted to be false, that the penalty for such a false statement was five years imprisonment, in addition to which he had diverted $82,000 of the bank's money to another man's name and I saw no alternative but to present the evidence to the U.S. District Attorney for prosecution. Tears rolled down his sunken cheeks. "I have not diverted money to any other per- son; R. Day means rainy day!" He explained that he was anx- ious to build up the bank's surplus account but some of the di- rectors held contrary views and wanted to pay bigger dividends than he considered prudent. The R. Day account was a subter- fuge to save the directors from their own prodigality. He was an honorable old man who had given a fine high school building to the town. The conversation ended by my suggesting that he call a meeting of the directors and move that the R. Day account be closed and transferred to the bank's surplus funds. To the other shareholders it was like a gift of $82,000 and, not wishing to look a gift horse in the mouth, the resolution was readily passed and all was well. Paper Money Whole No. 138 quently deposits a few thousand dollars, never withdraws any- thing out, yet does not receive the customary interest on his bal- ance? I am going to put you under oath and require you to answer my questions truthfully under penalty of the National Banking Laws." He began to whimper and informed me that if he told me about it he would surely lose his job. I asked him if he had been instructed not to know anything about Mr. Day and he admitted he had. I promptly walked into the President's office. He was an elderly man and wore a black skullcap on his bald pate. I asked him if he knew who was putting the money into the R. Day account. "Did the bookkeeper tell you anything?" he countered. "He lied to me just as he was instructed to do," I told him. This set him back and when I threatened to put him under oath for questioning he opened up and confided that this was the bank's own money. Page 190 only one who has been able to catch this. There must be some other way by which we can do it legally and I want you to tell me how." I was glad to show him a way. "Organize a company with one to five thousand dollars of working capital put up by individ- uals, pay the dividends to the stockholders and give any part of the profits you wish to the bank." My plan was adopted and everyone was made happy. Interesting Interest Rates The president of a bank in Eufaula, Alabama, a prominent lawyer who received no salary, was present with the other direc- tors when I was going over the notes and discounts. He was a typical Southerner — tall, middle-aged. I asked him a routine question "What is the current rate of interest received by your bank?" He had risen and was striding up and down the room to stretch his legs, so he said. He stopped suddenly, pulled his glasses down to the end of his nose, looked over them and asked, "Young man, does that have to go in your report?" For the answer I showed him question 27, "Give the current rate of interest obtained." He flicked the ash from the end of his cigar, hesitated a moment and replied, "Very well; tell the Honorable Comptroller that it runs all the way from 12% to grand larceny!" What's the Difference Between "Up" and "Down"? In a small Pennsylvania town, as I went out of lunch with my assistant, he asked me what I thought the building of the bank we were examining was worth. It was a two-story structure about 30 feet wide and possibly 100 feet deep. I appraised it at $7,500. He agreed with me but said the bank was carrying it on the books at $30,000. When I returned from lunch I explained to the president—an old German — that, based on comparisons with other bank buildings I had seen, I did not see how he could justify a valuation of $30,000. He was quite indignant and claimed the figure was rightly nearer $50,000. I asked him if he had an oil well or gold mine in the basement. He made no such claim but said there was more to the property than had met my eye. He took me out on the street and counted off six store buildings in the block, saying "THIS is our banking house!" He told me with pride that the bank owned all of these buildings. I hated to do it, but I called his attention to a section in the bank- ing law which prohibits a bank from owning any real estate other than that used for banking purposes, and provided that real estate acquired for debt must be disposed of within five years. In his broken English he asked me if I had ever been to Pittsburgh; had I seen the First National Bank Building there which has ten- ants on 28 floors above the bank? "What's the difference if in a big city the tenants go up in the air and in a small town they go down the street?" He had me. So I agreed to write to Washing- ton for a ruling. I guess he stumped the Comptroller, too, for I never got a reply. "R. Day" It was in northern Ohio, in a bank with a million and a half re- sources, that my assistant discovered an account of $82,000 on the individual ledger to which deposits were made periodically, but there had been no withdrawals, nor had any interest been paid. The account was in the name of R. Day but the bookkeep- er could give me no explanation of the extraordinary circum- stances. "Do you mean to tell me," I asked, "that you do not know anything about a man with $82,000 to his credit who fre- #11111111 thru 99999999 and #00000001 WANTED lattnICAERJD 91.,ACOLW`PAIMPlit& A 99999999 A PAYING COLLECTOR'S PRICES Large and Small size notes, $1-$100 denominations in series 1862-1985. Buying other low and special serial numbers. NOBODY PAYS MORE THAN: Mike Abramson SPMC #2653, ANA, PMCM P.O. Box 6105 Duluth, MN 55816 800-223-2774 ext. 178 M-F 218-724-8433 evenings/weekends Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 191 This Third Charter note bears the signature of Percy H. Johnston. Many years later, at the Chemical Bank in New York, one of our customers was Fuller E. Callaway. President of the great Callaway Mills, whose son later became a director of the bank. On one of his visits Mr. Callaway showed me the financial state- ment of his company and I noted with approval that he had set up reserves for every possible contingency, even $500,000 against Forward Sales. I was so much interested that I told him the story of R. Day. He must have shared my interest for on his next statement I spotted a new reserve fund of $500,000 under the caption of "R. Day." (Anyone familiar with the south, and Georgia in particular, will probably connect Mr. Callaway with his legacy to all of us, beautiful Callaway Gardens near Pine Mountain, in West Central Georgia.) REFERENCES Chemical Chronicle. Special Edition (September 1983). New York: Chemical Bank. Nye, F.W. (1956) Knowledge is power: The life story of Percy Johns- ton, banker. New York: Random House. Money Tales continued from page 175 AN OLD JOKE Diggs saw a note lying on the ground, but knew that it was a counterfeit and walked on without picking it up. He told Smithers the story, when the latter said: 'Do you know, Diggs, you have committed a very grave of- fense?! 'Why, what have I done?' `You have passed a counterfeit bill, knowing it to be such,' said Smithers, without a smile, and fled. —Stillwater (Minn.) Messenger, Nov. 16, 1858. 111.-40.--111 111 New Data (Continued from page 178) ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS James Lemon went out of his way to provide a microfilm of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing plate history ledgers that he located in the U.S. National Archives. These form the basis for much of the information con- tained herein. Marty Vink provided photos of his extraordinary $5 FRN Series of 1934C 629 mule. William Sherman of the U.S. National Ar- chives again aided me in locating additional data from Bureau of Engrav- ing and Printing plate history ledgers now in the hands of the archives. REFERENCE CITED Huntoon, Peter (1988). Small note mules—a fifty year retrospective: PAPER MONEY, v. 27, pp. 5-12, 14. Page 192 ifOrr" Interest Bearing Notes Ro g INTERNATIONAL PAPER MONEY CONVENTION This convention, held in conjunction with the GENA show at Cherry Hill, NJ, was an enjoyable event as usual. Only a few currency dealers attended, but the available material helped to make up for the number of dealers absent. The exhibits were in- teresting and informative, especially the paper money displays. The SPMC hospitality table was busy with the enrollment of new members and the sale of Wismer books. We sold the last of the lapel pins. Many members have asked about the absence of paper money dealers. I don't have an answer. It seems that they just do not want to attend East coast shows. Ask your favorite deal- ers why they don't want to offer you their material in the East. I noticed some dealers in attendance were trying to buy material in competition with their customers but, since they did not have a table, they could not offer anything for sale. I sincerely hope that this one-sided attitude will change in the future. RECRUITEMENT REPORT B. Cochran 12 N. Oppenheim 5 T. Denly 10 R. Balbaton 6 MEMBERSHIP DIRECTOR Ronald HorstmanNEW St. LouPi.s0 .mBoo x636013191 MEMBERS 7660 Emmett M. Ey, 2816 Deerhaven Dr. Cincinnati, OH 45244; C, Cincinnati obsoletes. 7661 Walter G. Fortner, 3630 Hulman St., Terre Haute, IN 47803- 3517; C, Stock, Indiana stock certificates; Indiana. 7662 Chas. R. Garner, P.O. Box 417, Sunnyside, FL 32461; C&D. 7663 Eugene Sauers, P.O. Box 25333, Greenville, SC 29616-0333; C&D, Worldwide. 7664 C.A. Whitney Jr., Rt. 18, Whitman, MA 02382; C&D, Frac- tional. 7665 Bill Levine, 21550 Burbank Blvd. #111, Woodland Hills, CA 91367; C, Legal tender & silver certificates. 7666 Armen Youssefi, P.O. Box 15204, Lexana, KS 66215; C&D, Iran, Armenia, Middle East. 7667 Richard Erett, 78 White Birch Ln., Stamford, CT 06905; C. 7668 Don Sullivan, 5962 W. 76th St., Los Angeles, CA 90045; C, U.S. obsolete notes & Mexican revolution notes. 7669 Greg Pineda, 1705 28th St., Bakersfield, CA 93301; C, Philip- pines. 7670 Michael Nuremberg, 72 Hamilton Drive, Roslyn, NY 11576; C. 7671 George Alec, Box 293, Gibraltar (Europe); C&D. 7672 Samuel C. Farmer IV, 411 Chelsea Dr., Lancaster, PA 17601; C, National bank notes. Paper Money Whole No. 138 7673 Ward Kain, Box 32, Keokuk, IA 53632; C&D. 7674 Ben Hedrick, 29 Delbarton Court, Hackettstown, NJ 07840; C. 7675 Robert Richshafer, 1214 S.E. 11th Ave., Deerfield Beach, FL 33441; C&D, Obsolete currency. 7676 Don Janofskey, 2244 S. Marion St., Denver, CO 80210; C. 7677 Stan Lee; C, CSA, NBN ALA & TX. 7678 Kenneth Kiehn, Rt. 3 #21 Pelican Dr., Moses Lake, WA 98837; C. 7679 David Tinga, 507 Holland Rd., Simpsonville, SC 29681; C, General U.S. 7680 Les Sandler, 635 Main St., Cincinnati, OH 45202: C, Large-size notes. 7681 George Decker, 508 W. Central, Orlando, FL 32801; D. 7682 Dan Rogers, P.O. Box 11246, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33339; C, Obsolete notes. 7683 William A. Schulz, 6136 S. Harrison Dr., Littleton, CO 80121; C&D, Large-size notes. 7684 Thomas Savage, 87 Kimball Ave., Livingston, NJ 07039; C. 7685 Henry Morris, Bird & Bull Press, 2 Jericho Mtn. Rd, Newtown, PA 18940; C&D, Material relating to book and papermaking. 7686 Paul Brittian, P.O. Box 415; Cherryville, NC 28021; C, Checks, documents & banking. 7687 Robert A. Sell, 27 Craig Rd., Islip Terrace, NY 11752; C, Every- thing. 7688 Joel P. Antrim Jr., 110 Portola #4, San Francisco, CA 94131; C. 7689 Lawrence R. Turner, 6732 Groveland Hill Rd., Groveland, NY 14462; C. 7690 Jimmy D. Gilbreath, 944 Wyndsor Dr., Hixson, TN 37343; C, Mississippi currency. 7691 George H. Martens, P.O. Box 41-5038, Miami Beach, FL 33141; C, Large-size & fractional notes. 7692 Mrs. S. Schofield, 71 Crutchfield Lane, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey KT12 2QY, England; Obsolete Banks; Latin America. 7693 Philip V. Carcione, 600 LaMe St., Monterey, CA 93940; C, Small-size legal tender, $2 notes. 7694 Michael R. Jackyra, 1 Valley View Rd., Brookfield, CT 06804; C, Large-size U.S. 7695 George F. McCoy, 5 Garfield Place, Little Ferry, NJ 07645; C, U.S. error notes. 7696 James T. Weir, P.O. Box 41, Lonaconing, MD 21539; C, West- minster MD nationals. 7697 James W. Jazzetta; C. 7698 M.R. Murphy, 4314 Aztec, Pasadena, TX 77504; C, Obsoletes & CSA notes. 7699 Charles E. Perry, 2115 Kemp Blvd Wichita Falls, TX 76308; C, National currency. LM81 Randy K. Haynie; Conversion to life member from #6880. LM82 William R. Hatchett, 6217 St. Augustine Rd.. Jacksonville, FL 32217; C&D, FL national currency. 31 mon oP mar Paper Money will accept classified advertising from members only on a basis of 15C per word, with a minimum charge of $3.75. The primary purpose of the ads is to assist members in exchanging, buying, selling, or locating specialized material and disposing of duplicates. Copy must be non-commercial in nature. Copy must be legibly printed or typed, accompanied by prepayment made payable to the Society of Paper Money Collectors, and reach the Editor, Gene Hessler, P.O. Box 8147, St. Louis, MO 63156 by the tenth of the month preceding the month of issue (i.e. Dec. 10, 1988 for Jan. 1989 issue). Word count: Name and address will count as five words. All other words and abbreviations, figure combinations and initials count as separate. No check copies. 10% discount for four or more insertions of the same copy. Sample ad and word count. WANTED: CONFEDERATE FACSIMILES by Upham for cash or trade for FRN block letters, $1 SC, U.S. obsolete. John W. Member, 000 Last St., New York, N.Y. 10015. (22 words: $2: SC: U.S.: FRN counted as one word each) Collector Dealer re a.. 31241, se caw, Paper Money Whole No. 136 WANTED: MACERATED MONEY: postcards and any other items made out of macerated money. Please send full details to my attention. Bertram M. Cohen, PMW, 169 Marlborough St., Boston, MA 02116 (138) NEW YORK NATIONALS WANTED. Athens, Catskill, Coxsackie, Germantown, Hudson, Hunter, Kinderhook, Philmont, Tannersville, Windham. Send description and price. All letters answered. Robert Moon, Box 81, Kinderhook, NY 12106 (138) KALAMAZOO, MICHIGAN NATIONALS WANTED. Also want Michigan Nationals with serial number ONE and Michigan cancelled checks prior to 1900. Jack Fisher, 3123 Bronson Blvd., Kalamazoo, MI 49008. (140) NUMBER 1 and 11111111 UNITED STATES type notes wanted and unusual United States error notes. Jack Fisher, 3123 Bronson Blvd., Kalamazoo, MI 49008. (140) KUWAIT 1960 NOTES in regular issue and specimen, also want Jor- dan, Saudi Arabia and scarce Middle East notes. Jack Fisher, 3123 Bronson Blvd., Kalamazoo, MI 49008. (140) CANADA WANTED. 1923 $2 all signatures and seals. Low serial numbers 1935 Bank of Canada and Canada specimen notes. Jack Fisher, 3123 Bronson Blvd., Kalamazoo, MI 49008. (140) STOCK CERTIFICATES & BONDS — buy and sell! Current catalog of interesting certificates for sale, $1. Buying all—but especially interest- ed in early Western certificates. Ken Prag, Box 531PM, Burlingame, CA 94011, phone (415) 566-6400. (149) WANTED, ALL OBSOLETE CURRENCY, ESPECIALLY GEOR- GIA, which I collect. Particularly want any city-county issues, Atlanta Bank, Georgia RR Banking, Bank of Darien, Pigeon Roost Mining, Monroe RR Banking, Bank of Hawkinsville, La Grange Bank, Central Bank Milledgeville, Ruckersville Banking Co., Bank of St. Marys, Cot- ton Planters Bank, any private scrip. I will sell duplicates. Claud Mur- phy, Jr., Box 15091, Atlanta, GA 30333. (138)) WANTED: OBSOLETE CURRENCY, SCRIP, BANK ITEMS AND CONFEDERATE ITEMS OF NORTH CAROLINA. Single items or collections. Send description and price. Jim Sazama, P.O. Box 1235, Southern Pines, NC 28387. (139) WANTED: 1907 clearing house scrip and checks. Need examples from most states; please send full description or photocopy with price. I am particularly interested in Washington, Oregon, Georgia, New York, Ohio, Michigan, and Texas. Need information on other states also. Tom Sheehan, P.O. Box 14, Seattle, WA 98111. (139) OHIO NATIONALS WANTED: Also want Lowell, Holland, Tyler, Ryan, Jordan, O'Neill. Private Collector. Lowell Yoder, P.O. Box 444, Holland, OH 43528. (142) BONDS & SHARES. Private collector will buy all your unwanted stock and bond certificates for cost at a price. All countries and classifi- cations before 1940. Send photocopy and price wanted. J. Glaser, 6900 E. Camelback Rd., Suite 430, Scottsdale, AZ 85251. (139) PAPER MONEY MAGAZINES WANTED: I need original issues of the first twelve PAPER MONEY magazines published by SPMC; sets considered. Robert Galiette, 10 Wilcox Lane, Avon, CT 06001. (138) WANTED FOR my personal collection, large and small-size national currency from Atlantic City, NJ. Don't slip, write first with what you have for sale. Frank Iacovone, P.O. Box 266, Bronx, NY 10465-0266. (140) BUYING OLD BANK CHECKS, certificates of deposit, bills of ex- change, older books on Confederate or obsolete bank notes. Bob Pyne, P.O. Box 149064, Orlando, FL 32814. (145) WANTED: INVERTED BACKS FOR MY PERSONAL COLLEC- TION . Any condition: large and small-size notes. Please send photo or description with your price for the notes. Lawrence C. Feuer, c/o C&F, 200 E. Post Rd., White Plains, NY 10601. (146) Page 193 WANTED: Crisp uncirculated U.S. $1 and $2 errors, radars, some blocks and stars. Write first, describe completely! Ed Zegers, P.O. Box 9202, Washington, DC 20012-9202. (140) WANTED: Obsolete banks (PA): Pottsville, Tamaqua, Minersville, Schuylkill Haven. National banks (PA): Ashland 403, Pottsville 649, $50 Ti; (IL): Gillespie 12314, $5L. Continental currency: May 20, 1777 signed H. Christ, Jr. Robert Gillespie, P.O. Box 4281, Mount Penn, PA 19606. ALBANY & TROY, NEW YORK NATIONAL WANTED. Also Altamont, Cohoes, Ravena, Watervliet, West Troy, Lansingburgh, Castleton. Describe or ship with price or for offer. William Panitch, P.O. Box 12845, Albany, NY 12212. (149) NEW YORK NATIONALS. Ballston, Saratoga, Mechanicville, Schuylerville, Corinth, Waterford, South Glen Falls. Send description and price. All letters answered. Thomas Minerley, 30 Charles St., Balls- ton Spa, NY 12020. (143) BUYING OLD BANK CHECKS, certificates of deposit, bills of ex- change, older books on Confederate or obsolete bank notes. Bob Pyne, P.O. Box 149064, Orlando, FL 32814. (145) WANTED: CSA INTERIM RECEIPTS. Particularly SC, LA, TX, MS & AR. Single items or collections. Liberal prices paid. Send list with prices. Gene F. Mack, P.O. Box 14684, Jacksonville, FL 32238. WANTED: MANHATTAN COMPANY, Chase Manhattan Bank and Aaron Burr material. Obsoletes, checks, nationals, books, stocks, bonds, fiscal paper items, etc. Thomas Buda, P.O. Box 315, Wyckoff, NJ 07481. (141) ...„.,.....,.....,„... STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP, MANAGEMENT AND CIRCULATION 14.1...l toy I1.1.IC MO) is ma of k....... Paper Raney 111. INAILICATION NO. 2 Om e4 .1n. umber 20 19840 0 L3 1 1 1 6 2 Cy,....." gy". B1-Monthly , , &au. ca.* 6 20.00 c CamOne Mi. Wm+ el Gown 0.11...4 h.*, Ono. L.L. ,...y. km;a ad rfl• 4 Colo iw M.o. 1211 N. 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OY• wok Joh v., uno.N...../. mormao• aatm. pinlIna 75 75 1 ammo" lima News a.m. O. TOM t16.4,r1.47—...//...../■■, ...*•■0 . I eesity Owl Ws ststassets made ter me .bow are sorts. end earegeno Tat a Nag. _¢,-- , 1--r." 11111M■MI1=1111111111=11111111MIMMIIN■11M1 Yes! I want to up-date the value of my collection with the assistance of Standard Catalog of United States Paper Money Paper Money Whole No. 138Page 194 • Mare take note, NEW! IiION7th 11 AVAILABLE NO The most comprehensive, up-to-date illustrated guide to U.S. paper money from 1812 to date. In this updated, expanded edition you'll get: • New 1988 market data • Note portraits identified, a new feature to this edition • Complete coverage for 175 years of official paper money circulated by the Federal Government • Listings for more than 5,500 currency items • 14,000 market values, presented in up to three grades • Historical and economic background information for each major section • Complete National Bank Note Listings, with rarity ratings for each bank • Over 600 photos, for easier identification • 192 pages of detailed coverage • In-text cross referencing of Krause/Lemke and Friedberg numeric systems • Attractive, durable 81/2" x 11" hardcover format This book available from your local hobby dealer or direct from the publisher. Krause Publications Book Order Dept. IYF 700 E. State St., Iola, WI 54990 (715) 445-2214 Send me copies of the Standard Catalog of United States Paper Money, 7th Ed., for $19.95 plus $2.50 shipping and handling, per book. (Foreign addresses, send $4.50 for shipping and handling. Payable in U.S. funds.) Name Address City State Zip MONEY-BACK GUARANTEE 10 Day Free Return Privilege ( ) Check or money order (to Krause Publications) Charge Card Orders SAVE TIME Use Our Toll-Free Number 800-258-0929 Department IYF Monday-Friday, 8 am - 5 pm CST ( ) MasterCard ( ) VISA II Credit Card No Expires: Mo. Yr I Signature Mail with payment to: I Krause Publications, Catalog Order Dept. IYG700 E. State St., Iola, WI 54990 1=■■■•1111=IMMINIIIMMIMIIMO Amount for books Shipping Total amount enclosed IYF BUYING AND SELLING CSA and Obsolete Notes CSA Bonds, Stocks & Financial Items Extensive Catalog for $2.00, Refundable With Order ANA-LM SCNA PCDA HUGH SHULL P.O. Box 712 / Leesville, SC 29070 / (803) 532-6747 SPMC-LM BRNA FUN WANTED OBSOLETE PAPER MONEY rrRairelft„ (Bank Notes, Script, Warrants, Drafts of the AMERICAN WEST Oregon, California, Idaho, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, Montana, New Mexico, Colorado, Dakota, Deseret, Indian, Jefferson Territories! Cash paid, or fine Obsolete Paper traded, Have Proof notes from most states, individual rarities, seldom seen denominationals, Kirtlands, topicals; Colonial, Continental; CSA, Southern States notes and bonds. Also have duplicate West- ern rarities for advantageous trade. JOHN J. FORD , JR. P.O. BOX 10317, PHOENIX, AZ 85064 Sell Your Coins & Currency To The Highest Bidder Cant; tit Cowman. NASCA Auctions reach the nation's most important collectors of U.S. and International Coins, Currency, Stocks & Bonds, Autographs. Medals. Tokens. and Related Items. Consigning is easy. Immediate cash advances are readily available. • • .E10117. [IN Prr,cr. A'o.tf ;17 ." CY FALlia0 C4 Dial) TILL I at 17,171. 1 Subscription Information: U.S. & CANADA OVERSEAS One Year TVio Years Three Years One Year Two Years Three Years NASCA $45 $80 $105 $55 $100 $125 FRIENDS OF FINANCIAL HISTORY $25 $45 $60 $30 $55 $75 COMBINED SUBSCRIPTION $70 $120 $160 $65 $150 $195 26 Broadway New York, NY 10004 NY residents Toll-Free 800-622-1880 call 212-943-1880 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 195 Accepting Consignments Now For These Auctions: JUNE 1989, MEMPHIS INTERNATIONAL A major offering of STOCKS, BONDS & RELATED ITEMS. Closes April 15, 1989. JUNE 1989 & 1900, MEMPHIS. Major public auctions to be held in conjunction with BOTH the 1989 & 1990 MEMPHIS INTERNATIONAL PAPER MONEY SHOWS! Plan ahead. Space will be at a premium in both catalogues which will NASCAfeature FULL COLOR photography. U.S. & INTERNATIONAL CURRENCY, STOCKS & BONDS & RELATED ITEMS. Division of R.M. Smythe & Co., Inc. ... . • 6dU ... . TV .0*WW .1.1CCISLI032.16.131 PVIRMKNAI-41, littilii01** . ',..:,& t 7 4S:: ,,,,,,,,,,m1■1,,,,t4“ t,,,.„,0 ,.. ' ---.i.`' ...,:e s'',■ ,.,.'3----A-f ' ' • • --4,t7 - •..`,---" t, CANADIAN BOUGHT AND SOLD • CHARTERED BANKNOTES. • DOMINION OF CANADA. • BANK OF CANADA. • CHEQUES, SCRIP, BONDS & BOOKS. FREE PRICE LIST CHARLES D. MOORE P.O. BOX 1296P LEWISTON, NY 14092-1296 (416) 468-2312 LIFE MEMBER A.N.A. #1995 C.N.A. #143 C.P.M.S. #11 80._1.111. BANKS 1868 UNION NATIONAL BANK (Philadelphia) $75 Black/White Capital Stock certificate with several attractive vignettes. One of the very few engraved banking stocks, from the American Bank Note Company. Pen-cancelled, otherwise in VF + condition. Our Current BANK listing includes more than 3 dozen Bank stocks, from 1812 to 1933, many with vignettes by the major bank note companies of the 19th century. Call or write today and ask for our BANK listing, or for our general catalogue of more than 150 stocks and bonds. CENTENNIAL DOCUMENTS P.O. Box 5262, Clinton, NJ 08809 (201) 730-6009 Page 196 Paper Money Whole No. 138 ee of ,, ,p EARLY, _,-„ ,,1/ 1 ,., i,.,. ,t AMERICAN, , \ I f NUMISMATICS i,,,,,,,,,;,, , . *619-273-3566 COLONIAL & CONTINENTAL CURRENCY SPECIALIZING IN: SERVICES: q Colonial Coins q Portfolio q Colonial Currency Development q Rare & Choice Type q Major Show q EARLY Coins Coverage q Pre-1800 Fiscal Paper q Auction q Encased Postage Stamps Attendance ■ P.O. Members: Life We maintain the LARGEST ACTIVE INVENTORY IN THE WORLD! o ■ SEND US YOUR LISTSWANT FREE PRICE . LISTS AVAILABLE. AMERICAN NUMISMATICS c/o Dana Linett Box 2442 ■ LaJolla, CA 92038 619-273-3566 ANA, CSNA-EAC, SPMC, FUN, ANACS WANTED BUYING WANTED We are especially anxious to purchase the following UNITED STATES NOTES for the personal collection of AUBREY AND ADELINE BEBEE. The acquisition of any of these scarce notes will bring our outstanding paper money collection nearer to completion. We would be grateful for any notes that you could send us in the grades specified. Please send notes, indicating the prices desired or for our Top Cash offer. A quick, pleasant deal is always assured you at BEBEE'S. GOLD CERTIFICATES — AU TO UNC. 1882 $50 Large Red Seal. FR. 1191 1882 $100 Large Red Seal. FR. 1204 1882 $100 Brown Seal. FR. 1203 1882 $100 Lg. Brown Seal. FR. 1205 SILVER CERTIFICATES 1880 $1,000 FR. 346B/D AU to UNC. 1891 $1,000 FR. 346E VF to UNC. 1899 $1, #11111111; 22222222. #77777777: 88888888 UNC. 1882 $5.00 NATIONAL BROWN BACK NOTES BEBEE'S is paying $600 to as high as $2,000 — depending on Rarity and Grade — for the following 1882 $5 Brown Back Nationals: ALABAMA - ARIZONA - ARKANSAS - CALIFORNIA - COL- ORADO - FLORIDA - IDAHO - MARYLAND - MISSISSIPPI - MONTANA - NEVADA - NEW MEXICO - NORTH DAKOTA - RHODE ISLAND - SOUTH DAKOTA - WYOMING. AU to UNC. TERRITORIAL NATIONALS 1882 $5 ARIZONA - IDAHO - WYOMING. AU to UNC. (Second Choices: Other Denom., Grades.) We are also paying TOP IMMEDIATE CASH prices for Double-Denomination Notes, Other Territorials, Rare Large-Size Nationals, No. 1 & Star Notes, and Uncut Sheets (4 & 12). Please give us a try — BEBEE's has been a leading specialist in U.S. Paper Money since 1941. AUBREY & ADELINE BEBEE P.O. Box 4290, Omaha, NE 68104 • (402) 558-0277 HARRY IS BUYING NATIONALS — LARGE AND SMALL UNCUT SHEETS TYPE NOTES UNUSUAL SERIAL NUMBERS OBSOLETES ERRORS HARRY E. JONES PO Box 30369 Cleveland, Ohio 44130 216-884.0701 Nobody pays more than Huntoon for ARIZONA & WYOMING state and territorial Nationals _:tx2;zrr CiptezEliff.1611' tgyetetv,4,2,:rixet - - lb" Peter Huntoon P.O. Box 3681 Laramie, WY 82071 (307) 742-2217 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 197 Walt Alcott Numismatics and Paper Americana I SLIFOIDIA SratZTOS Yellow-Aster Mine Co. Randsburg, CA, 1902 $22. California Street Cable Railroad San Francisco, CA, 1890s $25. One of each $40. Stocks • Bonds • Checks • Maps Engravings • Labels • Etc. Box 3037 • Quartz Hills, CA 93534 805-942-7105 MEMBER: ANA (LM); SPMC; CSNS; PSNA; PCDA Paper Money Whole No. 138Page 198 • INC. P.O. BOX 84 • NANUET, N.Y 10954 BUYING / SELLING- OBSOLETE EECURRENCY, NATIONALS• UNCUT SHTS, PROOFS, S RIP BARRY WEXLER, Pres. Member: SPMC, PCDA, ANA, FUN, GENA, ASCC (914) 352.9077 Million Dollar Buying Spree Currency: Nationals MPC Lg. & Sm. Type Fractional Obsolete Foreign Stocks • Bonds • Checks • Coins Stamps • Gold • Silver Platinum • Antique Watches Political Items • Postcards Baseball Cards • Masonic Items Hummels • Doultons Nearly Everything Collectible 399 S. State Street - Westerville, OH 43081 1-614-882-3937 1-800-848-3966 outside Ohio Life Member gnterestingoo,, =3-0-Nates SEND FOR OUR COMPLETE PRICE LIST FREE COIN SHOP INC About Denominations By 'Roger 5-f. Durand This new profusely illustrated book covers the history of over a hundred denominations used on notes during the state banking era. This book is a MUST for the obsolete bank note collector. $18.95 + $1.05 P&I ROGER H. DURAND P.O. Box 186 Rehoboth, Mass. 02769 I COLLECT MINNESOTA OBSOLETE CURRENCY and SCRIP Please offer what you have for sale. Charles C. Parrish P.O. Box 481 Rosemount, Minnesota 55068 SPMC 7456 LM ANA Since 1976 BUYING and SELLING PAPER MONEY U.S., All types Thousands of Nationals, Large and Small, Silver Certificates, U.S. Notes, Gold Cer- tificates, Treasury Notes, Federal Reserve Notes, Fractional, Continental, Colonial, Obsoletes, Depression Scrip, Checks, Stocks, etc. Foreign Notes from over 250 Countries Paper Money Books and Supplies Send us your Want List ... or ... Ship your material for a fair offer LOWELL C. HORWEDEL P.O. BOX 2395 WEST LAFAYETTE, IN 47906 SPMC #2907 ANA LM #1503 J NINE' 4-11, lf,optp0■,+ /I/17.1//,/ • / / J/1 %G,, / ONE 17117/REDINILLARS / / /04/ //eV / TUE COI (11,1,0 MINK 1/1•IVELOPING - • • „d//y/ ,'4,/.////71, /1,•/70,,"/„4, rwyz /1 4*:$200,000.1:0)- INCORPORATED UNCLOTHE TAWS •IEI .ATE OF COLOR., Oregon Paper Money Exchange We Buy and Sell Western Material STOCKS, CHECKS, ILLUSTRATED BILLHEADS PROMPT SERVICE-GUARANTEED AUTHENTICITY WE SOLICIT YOUR WANT LIST CURRENT LIST FOR $1.00 - REFUNDABLE Send For Our Catalog Today! OREGON PAPER MONEY EXCHANGE 6802 S.W. 33rd Place, Portland, OR 97219 (503) 245-3659 (EVES) .CURRENCY ASSQ LTION //w i'v / P.a.r.67/41.41.0 1)147i • 1 • 140 ' 1 .1( f ;t1 ,>, S(1' • Broken Bank Notes • Southern State Issues • Confederate Currency • Merchant Scrip 0 Collections Needed: Buy/Consignment Approval Service Available— Supply One Dealer Reference or Your S.P.M.C. Number. PRICE LIST — Enclose Large Size 22c Self-Addressed Stamped Envelope. Topical interests or states collected and desired collectable grades are helpful if approvals are re- quested. DON EMBURY 1232 1/2 N. GORDON STREET, LOS ANGELES, CA 90038 S.P.M.C. 3791 Paper Money Whole No. 138 Page 199 WE NEED TO BUY If you are selling a single note or an entire col- lection, you will be pleased with our fair offer — NO GAMES PLAYED HERE! (Selling too! Write for free catalog.) Subject to our inventory requirements we need the following: ALL WORLD BANK NOTES Also U.S. Large Size Notes All Military Currency U.S. Fractional Currency Colonial Currency U.S. Encased Postage Souvenir Cards National Bank Notes U.S. Small Size Currency Ship With Confidence or Write We pay more for scarce or rare notes. TOM KNEBL, INC. (714) 886-0198 P.O. Drawer 3949 San Bernardino, CA 92413 IAN A. MARSHALL P.O. Box 1075 Adelaide St. P.O. Toronto, Ontario Canada, M5C 2K5 WORLD PAPER MONEY Also World Stocks, Bonds and Cheques 416-365-1619 BUYING PAPER MONEY Nationals, Errors, Type Notes, Stars, Number 1 & 2 Notes, Radars, Solid Num- bers, Ladders. Ship with confidence or write for our offer. We pay more for quality unmolest- ed material. ROBERT and DIANA -41 %If 1, I) AZPIAZU tott it 11,1,1 P.O. Box 1565 St. Augustine, FL 38085-1565 (904) 979-8622 THE BANKOF S: LOUIS ,:,.**NtaCktliM„unzFaali a.1 ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI OBSOLETES AND NATIONALS WANTED RONALD HORSTMAN P.O. BOX 6011 ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI 63139 (.1.ouis Na tiona l 1 ank "akv-ve, Page 200 Paper Money Whole No. 138 'Of ESSIONk, NUMISMATIS1 t GUILD • Oa ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS 1. Orders for currency under $250.00, $2.00 postage please. 2. All items two week return in original holders, undamaged. (P.1naprdiumn 3. Mass. residents must include 5% sales tax. Kas!...1,4___/, vis• 4. Twenty-four hour answering machine when not in. Feel free to call and reserve your notes. WM= 5, Personal checks must clear, money orders and bank checks get fast service. 6. Second choices will be used only if first item is sold. 7. We can offer a layaway plan on larger purchases. Min. Order On Cards $50 Please Charter Member SOO ETN Pk14.11N1 , 1 , E fj( OLLECTOKS atoillS7\ LM-5773 DENLY'S OF BOSTON LM-2a19 PHONE: (617) 482.8477 0117014 sEnicE P.O. BOX 1010-B BOSTON, MA 02205 LIBRARY Dave Bowers has always said buy the book first, and he became president of A.N.A. Maybe now is the time for you to buy the book, and who knows, you might replace Reagan! COLONIAL 1. The Early Paper Money of America by Eric Newman, First Edition, one copy only, hard to find $29.50 + 1.00 2. The Early Paper Money of America by Eric Newman, Second Edition, the Bi- ble for colonial currency 24.50 + 1.50 TYPE NOTE 3. Standard Catalog of United States Paper Money by Krause & Lemke, First Edition, new, never opened, one copy only 15.00 + 1.00 4. Standard Catalog of United States Paper, Fourth Edition, the current edition and great as it includes rarity of national banks by charter # 14.00 + 1.00 5. Paper Money of the United States, 11th Edition by Robert Friedberg, a necessity to any collector 17.50 + 1.50 6. Paper Money of the U.S. by Robert Friedberg, Second Edition (1955), one copy only 30.00 + 1.50 7. Paper Money of the U.S. by Robert Friedberg, Third Edition (1959), one copy only 25.00 + 1.50 8. Paper Money of the U.S. by Robert Friedberg, Fourth Edition (1962), one copy only 20.00 + 1.50 9. Paper Money of the U.S. by Robert Friedberg, Fifth Edition (1964), one copy only 20.00 + 1.50 10. Handbook of Large Size Star Notes 1910-1929 by Doug Murray, a good book to have! 14.95 + 1.00 NATIONAL CURRENCY 11. National Bank Notes, a guide with prices by Kelly, a must book! 2nd Edition 36.00 + 1.50 12. Standard Catalog of National Bank Notes by Hickman & Oakes, a wealth of information 70.00 + 2.50 13. Territorials, a guide to U.S. territorial national bank notes by Huntoon 13.50 + 1.50 14. The National Bank Note Issues of 1929-1935 by M.O. Warns, one copy only 19.50 + 1.50 15. Charter Number Two, the centennial history of the First New Haven National Bank (Connecticut) 1963, one copy only 11.95 + 1.25 16. Nevada Sixteen National Banks and their Mining Camps, a wonderful book full of history, M.O. Warns, SPECIAL 35.00 + 2.00 CONFEDERATE 17. Confederate and Southern States Currency, (1976 Edition) by Criswell 2 copies available, 35.00 + 1.00 18. Confederate and Southern States Bonds, by Criswell, 2nd Edition 14.95 + 1.00 FRACTIONAL CURRENCY 23. Encyclopedia of United States Fractional and Postal Currency, Milton Friedberg, the book for the real info on fractional, out of print and hard to find! 19.00 + 1.00 24. A Guide Book of U.S. Fractional Currency by Matt Rothert (1963), the first I have had for sale, one copy only 9 95 + .50 OBSOLETE CURRENCY 26. ALABAMA - Alabama Obsolete Notes and Scrip, by Rosene 13.50 + 1.50 27. ARKANSAS - Arkansas Obsolete Notes and Scrip, by Rothert, a great book 17.00 + 1.50 28. COLORADO - Colorado Territorial Scrip by Mumey Wanted 29. DEPRESSION - Standard Catalog of Depression Scrip of the United States, by Mitchell & Shafer, a well done new item 21.50 + 1.50 30. FLORIDA - Florida Obsolete Notes & Scrip, by Freeman Wanted 31. FLORIDA - Illustrated History of Florida Paper Money by Cassidy, now out of print! 29.95 + 1.50 32. INDIAN TERRITORY - Indian Territory and Oklahoma Obsolete Notes and Scrip by Burgett, Kansas Obsolete Notes and Scrip by Steven Whitfield, two books in one 13.50 + 1.50 33. INDIANA - Obsolete Notes and Scrip by Wolka, Vorhies & Schramm 13.50 + 1.50 34. IOWA - Iowa Obsolete Notes and Scrip by Oakes 13.50 + 1.50 35. MAINE - Maine Obsolete Notes & Scrip by Wait 13.50 + 1.50 36. MICHIGAN - Obsolete Banknotes & Early Scrip by Bowen, hard cover reprint by Durst 39.50 + 1.50 37. MICHIGAN - Obsolete Banknotes by Bowen, the original book, a collector's item, one copy only 50.00 + 1.50 39. MINNESOTA - Minnesota Obsolete Notes & Scrip by Rockholt 13.50 + 1.50 40. MISSISSIPPI - Mississippi Obsolete Notes and Scrip by Loggatt, out of print and very hard to find! 27.95 + 1.50 MORMAN - See #54 41. NEBRASKA - Territorial Banking in Nebraska by Owen 7.95 + .50 42. NEBRASKA - A History of Nebraska Paper Money & Banking by Walton Wanted 43. NEW ENGLAND - The Obsolete Bank Notes of New England by Wismer - Quarterman reprint, one copy 22.00 + 1.00 44. NEW JERSEY - New Jersey's Money by Wait 16.50 + 2.50 45. NEW YORK - Obsolete Bank Notes of New York by Wismer, Durst reprint 17.95 + 1.00 46. NORTH CAROLINA - Obsolete Bank Notes of North Carolina by Pennell, Durst reprint 795 + .75 47. OHIO - Obsolete Bank Notes of Ohio by D.C. Wismer, Durst reprint 8 95 + .75 OKLAHOMA - See #32 48. PENNSYLVANIA - Obsolete Bank Notes of Pennsylvania by Wismer, Durst reprint 11.95 + .75 49. PENNSYLVANIA - Obsolete Notes and Scrip by Hoober 30.00 + 1.75 50. RHODE ISLAND - Obsolete Notes and Scrip of Rhode Island and the Pro- vidence Plantations, by Durand 20.00 + 1.50 51. SOUTH CAROLINA - South Carolina Obsolete Notes by Austin Sheeheen Jr., a hard to find super book 14.95 + 1.00 52. TENNESSEE - The History of Early Tennessee Banks by Garland 29.50 + 2.00 53. TEXAS - Obsolete Notes & Scrip by Medlar, out of print, rare . 26.00 + 1.50 54. UTAH - Mormon and Utah Coin & Currency by Rust, every note pictured with values 30.00 + 1.50 55. VERMONT - Obsolete Notes & Scrip by Colter, out of print SPECIAL 19.95 + 1.50 56. VIRGINIA - The Obsolete Paper Money of Virginia Volume I by Affleck, this book covers scrip issues Wanted 57. VIRGINIA - The Obsolete Paper Money of Virginia Volume II by Affleck, this book cover banknotes, out of print 25.00 + 2.00 60. COUNTERFEIT DETECTER - Hodge's American Bank Note Safe Guard, reprint of 1865 edition, one copy only 25.00 + 1.50 The second number after price is for postage & handling with a $5.00 maximum. IMPROVED MYLAR "D" CURRENCY HOLDERS For the last year I have sold these; they are increasingly dominating the market. These are the finest for your notes. PRICED AS FOLLOWS Size Inches 50 100 500 1000 Fractional 4-3/4 x 2-314 11.50 20.50 92.50 168.00 Colonial 5-1/2 x 3-3/16 12.50 22.50 102.00 185.00 Sm. Curr 6-5/8 x 2-7/8 12.75 23.50 105.00 194.00 Lg. Curr 7-7/8 x 3-3/8 14.75 26.75 121.75 221.50 Checks 9-5/8 x 4-1/4 18.50 33.75 152.50 277.00 Shipping is included in the U.S.A. You may batch up your needs to get best price (25 minimum one-size). Samples one of each $2 (5 different size holders) plus 22c postage. Nichman- Oake.) ,luctions ,Inc. Purveyors of National Bank Notes & U.S. Currency to the collecting fraternity for over 20 years: Our currency auctions were the first to use the Sealed Mail Bid System, which gives you, the bidder and ultimate buyer, the utmost chance to buy a note at a price you want to pay with no one looking over your shoulder. As a seller, this method gives you the opportunity to get the full market price without the "in" dealers short-circuiting the bidding, as so often is seen at public auction sales. ith 34 sales behind us, we look forward to a great 1988 for all currency hobbyists as well as our mail bid and floor auctions. We have had the pleasure of selling several great notes during the past year at prices for single notes above $30,000 with total sales of an auction in the $250,000 area. Currency collecting is alive and well. If you have currency, a single rarity, or an entire collection, now is the time to consign. Our sales will give you the pulse of the market. Currency collecting is alive and well. Our next auction is scheduled for June in Memphis. Our November auction will be held in St. Louis with the Pro- fessional Currency Dealers Assoc. convention. There will be hundreds of lots of U.S. and national currency. join others in experiencing the true market between buyer and seller at a Hickman-Oakes auction. Write, or call 319-338-1144 today! As a seller: Our commission rate is 15% and down to 5% (depending on value of the lot) with no lot charge, no photo charge, in fact no other charges. As a buyer: When bidding and winning lots in our auctions you are charged a 5% buyers fee. As a subscriber you receive at least 4 auction catalogs and prices realized after the sale, plus any price lists we put out, and all by 1st class mail. If you send us $8 now, we will send you the June Memphis convention auction catalogue and prices rea- lized plus our other auction catalogues and price lists through June of 1989. Send $8.00 now, you won't be sorry. Nichman Dales Dean Oakes NUM. =MI MI John Hickman Drawer 1456 joiva City, Iowa 51240 319-338-1111 as **-